Person:John FitzGilbert (1)

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John FitzGilbert , the Marshal
 
Facts and Events
Name John FitzGilbert , the Marshal
Gender Male
Marriage 1141 to Aline Pipard
Marriage abt 1143 Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Walesto Sibyl de Salisbury
Other  Refuted child?: Margaret Crassus (1) 
with Sibyl de Salisbury
Alt Death? 1164/1165 Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
Death[2] bef 29 Sep 1165 Marlborough, Wiltshire, EnglandHeld Castle Marlborough


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

John FitzGilbert the Marshal (c. 1105 – 1165) was a minor Anglo-Norman nobleman during the reign of King Stephen, and fought in the 12th century civil war on the side of Empress Matilda. Since at least 1130 and probably earlier, he had been the royal marshal to King Henry I. When Henry died, John FitzGilbert swore for Stephen and was granted the castles of Marlborough and Ludgershall, Wiltshire during this time. Along with Hamstead Marshal, this gave him control of the valley of the River Kennet in Wiltshire. Around 1139, John changed sides and swore for the Empress Matilda. In September 1141, Matilda fled the siege of Winchester and took refuge in the Marshal's castle at Ludgershall. While covering her retreat from Winchester, John Marshal was forced to take refuge at Wherwell Abbey. The attackers set fire to the building, and John lost an eye to dripping lead from the melting roof.

In 1152, John had a celebrated confrontation with King Stephen, who had besieged him at Newbury Castle. After John had broken an agreement to surrender, Stephen threatened to kill his son, whom John had given as a hostage. John refused, saying he could make more sons, but Stephen apparently took pity on the young boy and did not kill him. The boy grew up to be William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, a legendary figure in medieval lore, and one of the most powerful men in England.

The office of Lord Marshal, which originally related to the keeping of the King's horses, and later, the head of his household troops, was won as a hereditary title by John, and was passed to his eldest son, and later claimed by William. John also had a daughter, Margaret Marshal, married Ralph de Somery, son of John de Somery and Hawise de Paynell.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at John Marshal (Earl Marshal). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1.   John Marshal (Earl Marshal), in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. John FitzGilbert, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3.   JOHN FitzGilbert "the Marshal" (-before Nov 1165), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.