Person:John Cox (124)

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John Henry Cox
m. 1 Jul 1861
  1. William Cox1862 -
  2. Elizabeth Ann Cox1865 - 1930
  3. Thomas Cox1867 -
  4. John Henry Cox1870 - 1955
  5. Arthur Cox1873 - 1877
  6. Catherine Cox1875 -
  7. Martha Cox1878 - 1965
m. 31 Mar 1902
Facts and Events
Name John Henry Cox
Gender Male
Birth[1] 28 Jun 1870 Barnack, Northamptonshire, England
Christening[2] 31 Jul 1870 Barnack, Northamptonshire, EnglandSt John the Baptist
Census[3] 2 Apr 1871 Barnack, Northamptonshire, England
Census[4] 3 Apr 1881 Barnack, Northamptonshire, EnglandBack Lane
Census[5] 5 Apr 1891 Barnack, Northamptonshire, EnglandMain Street
Census[6] 31 Mar 1901 Barnack, Northamptonshire, EnglandMain Street
Marriage 31 Mar 1902 Farnborough, Kent, Englandto Ada Jane Singleton
Census[7] 2 Apr 1911 West Hyde, Hyde, Bedfordshire, England56 West Hyde
Death[8] 20 Feb 1955 Luton, Bedfordshire, EnglandSt Mary's Hospital
Burial[9] 24 Feb 1955 East Hyde, Hyde, Bedfordshire, Englandof 56 West Hyde

Early life

John Henry Cox was born at Barnack, Northamptonshire on 28th June 1870. He was the fourth of seven children of Thomas Cox, a master wheelwright, and his wife Elizabeth Turner Ward. The family lived in the house which is today called Ragstone Cottage, 2 Station Road[11]. When John Henry was fourteen, his father Thomas Cox died. From then on John Henry and his siblings appear to have supported the family financially - in particular John Henry and his eldest brother William appear in both the 1891 and 1901 censuses with their mother Elizabeth, who is described on each occasion as 'supported by sons'. In 1891 John Henry was a working as an agricultural labourer, but by 1901 he was a gardener - which he remained for the rest of his working life.

Marriage and leaving Barnack

On 31st March 1902, aged 31, John Henry married a woman called Ada Jane Singleton. She had grown up in Bainton, the village immediately east of Barnack, where she had lived with her elderly father, Robert, for at least 20 years. However, John Henry and Ada Jane did not marry locally to Barnack, but over a hundred miles away at Farnborough in Kent. Following Robert Singleton's death in 1901, Ada had gone to live with her sister Annie who had married a florist and moved to Kent. After their marriage, John Henry and Ada returned to Barnack, where their first child, John Robert, was born in January 1903. In June 1903, John was elected as a steward of the Barnack Provident Society, which appears to have been a co-operative organisation providing health care.

By this time, John Henry appears to have been working at Burghley House, a major stately home adjoining Barnack to the west[12]. The head gardener at Burghley was an Arthur William Metcalfe, who in 1904 was offered the post of head gardener at Luton Hoo in Bedfordshire. Metcalfe was clearly allowed to bring some of his existing staff from Burghley with him to Luton Hoo, including John Henry. Therefore, the family moved down from Barnack to the Hoo estate. When John Henry and Ada's second child, Arthur Edward, was born in 1905, the family was living at South Lodge on the Hoo estate. By the time their daughter Elsie was born in 1907 they were living in the estate's village of West Hyde, quite likely at No.56. They were certainly at 56 West Hyde by the time of the 1911 census, which was to be John Henry's home for the rest of his life.

John Henry spent the rest of his working life as a gardener on the Hoo estate. He was also believed to have been a bell ringer at Holy Trinity Church at East Hyde[13].

Death

John Henry died on 20th February 1955 at St Mary's Hosptial in Luton, aged 84. He was buried at Holy Trinity Church at East Hyde. After his death, the Hoo estate moved Ada from 56 West Hyde to a smaller cottage, 58 Flint Hyde, where she died four years later.

Image Gallery
References
  1. Birth Certificate, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office), Primary quality.

    1870. BIRTH in the Sub-district of Barnack in the Counties of Northampton, Rutland and Huntingdon
    No.83
    When born: 28 Jun 1870
    Where born: Barnack
    Name: John Henry
    Sex: Boy
    Father: Thomas Cox, Wheelwright Master
    Mother: Elizabeth Cox, formerly Ward
    Informant: Elizabeth Cox, Mother, Barnack
    Registered: 28 Jul 1870

  2. Church of England. Parish Church of Barnack (Northamptonshire). Parish registers, 1695-1974. (Northampton: Northamptonshire County Record Office), Primary quality.

    No. 865 / 31 Jul 1870 / John Henry / Thomas & Elizabeth / COX / Barnack / Wheelwright

  3. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) RG 10 General Register Office: 1871 Census Schedules, RG10/3310/58/25, 2 Apr 1871, Primary quality.

    Address: Cottage, Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Cox, head, married, male, 39 [1831/2], Wheelwright & Cottager, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Elizabeth Cox, wife, married, female, 37 [1833/4], b. Great Hale, Lincolnshire
    William Cox, son, male, 8 [1862/3], Scholar, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Elizabeth A. Cox, daughter, female, 6 [1864/5], Scholar, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Cox, son, male, 4 [1866/7], Scholar, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    John H. Cox, son, male, 9m [1870], b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Catharine Cox, mother, widow, female, 67 [1803/4], b. Barnack, Northamptonshire

  4. General Register Office. Public Record Office (PRO) RG 11 General Register Office: 1881 Census Schedules. (The National Archives), RG11/3194/38/5, 3 Apr 1881, Primary quality.

    Address: Back Lane, Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Cox, head, married, male, 48 [1832/3], Wheel-wright Mast Emp 1 man, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Elizabeth Cox, wife, married, female, 46 [1834/5], Wheel-wt's wife, b. Great Hale, Lincolnshire
    William Cox, son, unmarried, male, 18 [1862/3], Wheel-wt's son, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Cox, son, male, 14 [1866/7], Butcher's boy, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    John H. Cox, son, male, 10 [1870/1], Scholar, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Catherine Cox, daughter, female, 6 [1874/5], Scholar, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Martha Cox, daughter, female, 2 [1878/9], b. Barnack, Northamptonshire

  5. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) RG 12 General Register Office: 1891 Census Schedules, RG12/2554/34/6, 5 Apr 1891, Primary quality.

    Address: Main Street, Barnack, Northamptonshire
    5 or more rooms occupied
    Elizabeth Cox, head, widow, female, 57 [1833/4], Supported by sons, b. Great Hale, Lincolnshire
    William Cox, son, single, male, 29 [1861/2], Agric Lab, employed, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    John H. Cox, son, single, male, 20 [1870/1], Agric Lab, employed, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Martha Cox, daughter, female, 12 [1878/9], b. Barnack, Northamptonshire

  6. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) RG 13 General Register Office: 1901 Census Schedules, RG13/3022/36/8, 31 Mar 1901, Primary quality.

    Address: Main Street, Barnack, Northamptonshire
    5 or more rooms occupied
    Elizabeth Cox, head, widow, female, 67 [1833/4], Supported by sons, b. Great Hale, Lincolnshire
    William Cox, son, single, male, 38 [1862/3], Labourer (Carpenter's), b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    John H. Cox, son, single, male, 30 [1870/1], Labourer (Gardener's), b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Martha Cox, daughter, single, female, 22 [1878/9], b. Barnack, Northamptonshire

  7. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) RG 14 General Register Office: 1911 Census Schedules, RG14PN9025 RG78PN479 RD178 SD2 ED32 SN128, 2 Apr 1911, Primary quality.

    Address: No. 56 West Hyde N[ea]r Luton, Bedfordshire
    5 rooms occupied
    John Henry Cox, head, male, 40 [1870/1], married, Gardener (Domestic), worker, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Ada Jane Cox, wife, female, 39 [1871/2], married 9 years, 3 children, all still living, b. Aston, Derbyshire
    John Robert Cox, son, male, 8 [1902/3], b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Arthur Edward Cox, son, male, 5 [1905/6], b. Hyde, Bedfordshire
    Elsie Elizabeth Cox, daughter, female, 3 [1907/8], b. Hyde, Bedfordshire

  8. Death certificate, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office), Primary quality.
    Registration District Luton
    1955 DEATH in the Sub-district of Luton in the County of Bedford
    No.When and where diedName and surnameSexAgeOccupationCause of deathSignature, description and residence of informantWhen registeredSignature of registrar
    66Twentieth February 1955.
    St. Mary's Hosptial.
    John Henry COXMale84 yearsof 56 West Hyde, Hyde. Retired Gardener.1a. Congestive heart failure.
    b. Ischaemic heart disease.
    Certified by W.D. Hoskins M.R.C.S.
    J.R. Cox, Son
    In Attendance.
    29 Neville Road, Luton.
    Twentyfirst February 1955Alfred J. Cooke, Deputy Registrar
  9. Church of England. East Hyde Parish Registers, Primary quality.

    of 56 West Hyde

  10.   Stamford Mercury, Friday 12 Jun 1903
    BARNACK
    The 67th annual general meeting of the Provident Society was held on Monday, the president, the Rev. M. Tweddell, presiding. The balance sheet for the year ending December 31, 1902, showed an increase of funds amounting to £35 15s. 4d. raising the amount of the benefit fund to £2262 16s. 10d. The report expressed deep regret at the death of Mr. Jos. Phillips, who as ?? and honorary member had always proved such a friend to the society. The president, secretaries, surgeons, and auditors were all re-elected, and the following were appointed stewards: Barnack: J.H. Cox, B. Watts, and G.H. Wissen. Pilsgate: T. Smith. Southorpe: J. Popple. Bainton: W. Mann. Southorpe Terrace and Ufford: F. Horn. ??ord: H.S. Singleton. Wittering: J. ??
  11. The order in which the properties and their inhabitants are listed in the censuses from 1851 to 1901 are pretty clear in indicating that the family was in the same house on each occasion, and that the house was at the junction of Main Street (now Main Street / Station Road) and Back Lane (now Bainton Road), between the road to Uffington and Barnack Station and a couple of doors down from the smithy. We can therefore be pretty confident in identifying the family's home as the westernmost of the group of properties on that corner, which is the house today called Ragstone Cottage, 2 Station Road.
  12. Burghley House actually straddled the parish boundary between Barnack and Stamford Baron St Martin.
  13. Letter from John Henry's granddaugther to author, 17 May 2011