Person:John Chiswell (3)

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John Chiswell
d.17 October 1766 Williamsburg, Virginia
m. bef. 1710
  1. John Chiswell1710 - 1766
  2. Mary Leigh Chiswellabt 1715 - 1784
m. 19 May 1736
  1. Elizabeth Chiswell1737 - 1804
  2. Mary Chiswell1739 - 1776
  3. Susannah Chiswellabt 1740 -
  4. Lucy Chiswell1752 - 1810
Facts and Events
Name John Chiswell
Gender Male
Birth? 1710 of Henrico County, Virginia
Marriage 19 May 1736 of Henrico County, Virginiato Elizabeth Randolph
Death? 17 October 1766 Williamsburg, Virginiacommitted suicide while awaiting trial for a murder

John Chiswell was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia

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Records in Virginia

  • Jan 12, 1746 : Goochland Co. Patent to David Kinkead for 400 acres on branches of Rockfish River adjoining John Chiswell. (Patent 25, p. 453)
  • 1748 Feb 14: pg 20: John Chiswell of St. Martins Parish in Hanover Co. to Francis Wright of St. Ann's Parish Albemarle Co: farmer, 300 acres in St. Ann's parish on river bank Davis Creek on the South side of Rockfish river. [Albemarle County Wills and Deeds 1748-1752].
  • Feb. 10, 1752: Deed from David & Winifred Kinkead to Joseph & Borough Kinkead, all of parish of St. Anne in Albemarle, 738 acres for 5 S. On the branches of Rockfish River. Neighbors: Col. John Chiswell. This tract was granted to David Kinkead by Patent dated Jan. 12, 1746.
  • Jan 16, 1760: Deed from John Chiswell, gen, of the city of Williamsburg, to George Campbell of Co. of Albemarle, 300 acres, for L 27, 10 S. Both sides of North fork of Rockfish River. Witnesses, Charles Rodes, David Glen, Patrick Magrue
  • July 25, 1765: Deed from Andrew Woods to Jean Kinkead, relict of James Kinkead, deceased, both of Albemarle, 409 acres for L 35. On both sides of a Branch to the east of Armour Mtn. Being part of a John Chiswell grant. Neighbors: John Rodes, David Glen, James Glen, William Gregg. Witnesses: Joseph Kinkead. [Source: Source: http://myplace.frontier.com/~skincaid2/kincaidchapter.htm]
  • 3 Aug 1772 Matt Nightingale and wife, Lucy, to John Merrill for 200 pounds, 333 acres South side Rockfish and both side Corbin Creek. Lines: John Small, line that is now Puckett’s on Rockfish, David Reid, late Colonel John Chiswell, Michael Montgomery, Alex. Reid, Francis Meriwether.
  • 25 Jan 1774 John Murrill and wife, Rachell, to Charles Irving for 200 pounds, 333 acres on South side of Rockfish and both sides of Corbin Creek. Lines: John Small (now Rucker) on Rockfish, David Reid at mouth of Corbin Creek, late Colonel John Chiswell, Michael Montgomery, Alexander Reid, Francis Meriwether, Puckett. Witness: John Old, Clough Shelton, Alexander Rose, William Henderson, James McCaul.

Records in Augusta County, VA

From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records:


  • Vol. 1 - MARCH, 1754 (B). - John Chiswell vs. Henry White.--Henry White, of Goochland County. Colonel John Chiswell, of Hanover County, not executed by reason of his swift running.
  • Vol. 1 - JUNE 21, 1763. - (113) New Commission--John Chiswell, John Buchanan, John Wilson, Silas Hart, Andrew Lewis, James Lockhart, Richard Woods, Robert Breckinridge, Patrick Martin, Wm. Preston, Alexr. Sayers, John Bowyer, John Dickenson, John Christian, Francis Tyler, Daniel Smith, John Archer, James Buchanan, Archd. Alexander, Israel Christian, Mathew Patton, John Maxwell, John Poage, James Lockridge, Felix Gilbert, Abraham Smith, James Trimble, Charles Lewis, Samuel McDowell, George Moffett, Benj. Hawkins, Francis Kirtley, Andrew Bird--dated 16 April, 1763.
  • Vol. 1 - JUNE 22, 1769. - (222) Following recommended for appointment as Justices. Matthew Harrison, William Ingles, William Christian, George Mathews, John McClenachan, James Robertson, Stephen Trigg, William Horbert, Philip Love, Anthony Bledsoe, John Bowman, John Thomas, Roberl Doage and John Montgomery. The following to be left off and reasons given to the Governor by the Clerk: John Chizwell, John Wilson, John Archer, Alexr. Boyd, David Robinson, Benj. Estill, John Maxwell, Charles Lewis. Andrew Bird, Richard Woods.
  • Vol. 1 - AUGUST 16, 1769. - (324) Following recommended as Justices, viz: Mat. Harrison, Wm. Ingles, Wm. Christian, George Mathews, John McClenachan, James Robertson, Stephen Trigg, Wm. Herbert, Philip Love, Anthony Bledsoe, John Bowman, John Thomas, Robert Doage, John Montgomery, Alexr. Thompson, James Craig, Waiter Crockett, Andrew Lockridge, Walter Cunningham and James McGavock. The following to be left off, reasons to be given by the Clerk and former order discharged, viz: John Chiswell, John Buchanan, John Wilson, John Archer, John Maxwell, Charles Lewis, Alexr. Boyd.
  • Vol. 2 - Chiswell's Heirs vs. Christian--O. S. 375; N. S. 137--Bill, 16th November, 1808, by Walter R., Charles L.,. Jno. C., Geo. W. Carter, Mann and Charles C. Page, Burwell and Elizabeth, his wife; Nelson and wife, Susannah; Mary H. Robinson, Am. Lewis, Elizabeth Lewis Fox, Jno. Warner Fox, Margaret Patterson Olivier, Mary Augusta, and Warner Lewis Olivier; Mary, Elizabeth, John Lewis, Lucy Nelson, being (except Lucy Nelson) heirs and representatives of Elizabeth Carter, Susanna Robinson and Mary Lewis, three of the daughters of Jno. Chiswell. Lucy Nelson is another daughter of Jno. Chiswell. On 30th April, 1754, and 5th November, 1755, made two surveys in Amherst, but died intestate before patents issued, leaving the said four daughters, some being then infants and some married. They have always resided in parts distant from this land. Certain persons have counter claims, viz: Charles L. Christian, Thos. Applin, Reuben Gatewood, Frances Gooch, Wm. B. Gooch. Applin and Christian answer that they bought from Saml. Miggason, who claimed under patent to William Gatewood in 1771 and patent to Stanhope Evans in 1780. Miggason has moved to North Carolina. Christian claims under patent to David Bly in 1782 and to Edmund and Foster Gatewood in 1799. Entries: John Chiswell, 1,000 acres in Augusta on west side of the Indian Field Mountain, on branches of New River or Mississippi, lodged in Land Office, 27th March, 1761. John Chiswell, 848 acres in Albemarle on Buffaloe Ridge on Lime Kiln Creek and Rocky Run, 29th September, 1756. Same, 800 acres in Albemarle on Elk Island Creek, 29th September, 1756. Same, 321 acres in Albemarle on Buffalo River, 29th September, 1756. John Christian deposes, 23d June, 1815, he bought his land from Col. Nevil, agent for Margaret and Martha Fry, in 1773. Entries: 13th January, 1766, by Nathl. Woodroof, 400 acres on Buffalo River adjoining James Freeland. December, 1767, Wm. Gatewood enters 400 acres, Buffalo, above the Crooked Falls. 21st March, 1769, James Brummit enters 400 acres between Fry, Harvies and Wm. Brummit on Buffalo. Genealogical record of Chiswell's heirs: First daughter, Elizabeth Carter, children, viz: Walker R., Chas. L., Jno. C., Geo. W. Carter, and Elizabeth Page, who had children, viz: Mann, Chas. C. Page and Elizabeth Burwell. Second daughter, Susanna Robinson, had children (by first marriage), viz: Susanna Nelson, Mary H. Robinson, and (by second marriage) Ann Lewis. Third daughter, Mary Lewis, had children, viz: John, Warner, Mary, and Elizabeth Lewis and Eleanor Fox, who had children (by first marriage), viz: Elizabeth L. and Jno. W. Fox, and (by second marriage) Margaret P., Mary A., and Warner L. Olivier. Fourth daughter, Lucy Nelson, wife of Wm. Nelson. Deed, 2d May, 1774, by Wm. Evans, of Amherst County, to Jas. Thompson, of Amherst, on south branch of Elk Island Creek, 360 acres. Recorded in Amherst, 2d May, 1774. Deed, 23d September, 1791, by Samuel Migginson and wife, Elizabeth, of Amherst. to Thos. Appling, 300 acres on Buffalo River, in Amherst, conveyed to Saml. by John Upshaw and Ambrose Gatewood; deed made for Gatewood part by Thos. Penn. Recorded in Amherst, 3d October, 1791. Deed, 26th August, 1782, by David Blys (Blyes), of Amherst, to Wm. Gatewood, Jr., in Lexington Parish, Amherst County, 30 acres on Buffalo River. Recorded in Amherst. Will of William Gatewood. Sons, Reuben, William, Edmund, Foster; wife, Sarah; daughters, Nancy, Dolly, Judith. No date. Recorded in Amherst, 1st June, 1789. Deed, 9th March, 1791, by James Thompson, Senior, to John and James, Jr., Thompson. Parental love and affection; 360 acres in Amherst on branches of Elk Island Creek; Jno. Christian's line. Recorded in Amherst, 20th April, 1795. Will of Philip Gooch. Wife, Frances; children by present wife, son, William B., infant. Dated 13th July, 1804. Codicil dated 26th May, 1805. Recorded in Amherst, 21st October, 1805. Deed, 8th May, 1804, by Benj. Philips to Philip Gooch, his interest in tract on Elk Run, in Amherst, on Buffalo Ridge, adjoining Jiles Davidson, Geo. Penn, Philip Gooch, Jno. Higginbotham, 360 acres, conveyed to Philip Gooch and Benj. Philip by James and Jno. Thompson. Recorded in Amherst, 18th June, 1804. Deed, 20th July, 1800, by Jno. Thompson and Judith, James Thompson and Elizabeth, to Philip Gooch and Benj. Philips, 360 acres in Elk Island Creek adjoining Saml. Bell; granted to Wm. Evans, 14th June, 1773. Recorded 20th July, 1801. Deed, 27th December, 1806, by William Edmuns and wife, Polly Ann, of Amherst. to Wm. L. Christian and Charles L. Christian, on Buffalo River, adjoining Reuben Gatewood, Lindsay Coleman, &c., 146 acres. Recorded in Amherst, 15th June, 1807. Patent, 14th July, 1780, to Stanhope Evans, 350 acres, by survey, 1769, in Amherst, on John's Branch, a north branch of Buffalo River, corner Thos. Evans, James Freeland's line, John Fry's line. Patent, 1773, to William Evans, 360 acres on branches of Elk Island Creek, Jno. Christian's line. Patent, 1st June, 1782, to David Bly, assignee of John Gregory, assignee of William Brummet, 52 acres, by survey 6th January, 1769, in Amherst, on Buffalo River, corner Fry, Wm. Gatewood. Patent, 16th February, 1771, to William Gatewood, 130 acres in Amherst, on Buffalo River, Evans' line. Fry's line. Patent, 28th April 1806, to heirs of John Chiswell, by survey, 1754. Patent, 21st March, 1806, to heirs of John Chiswell, by survey, 5th November, 1755. Patent, 4th April, 1799, to Edmund and Foster Gatewood, legatees of Wm. Gatewood, 31 acres in Amherst, on Buffalo River.

Information on John Chiswell

From "History of Scotchtown, The Chiswells: Building and Re-building Scotchtown", by Catherine E. Dean: (excerpts)


Charles Chiswell died in 1737 and the property transferred to his son, Col. John Chiswell. Col. Chiswell moved to the site with his family, which grew to include four daughters. The family remained there until 1752 or 1753, when they relocated to Williamsburg. A 1757 sale of property by Col. Chiswell first gives the name "Scotch Town" for the house on his Hanover property. In addition to agricultural pursuits, Col. Chiswell operated a store out of the house during the 1750s (and possibly earlier) where he purchased local tobacco to transport to England.
In 1759 or 1760, Scotchtown was transferred to Col. Chiswell's son-in-law, John Robinson, probably as partial payment for debts. Robinson does not appear to have ever lived at the property. In 1766, Col. Chiswell murdered a man at Mosby's Tavern, died while on bail, and was refused burial in Williamsburg. His body was returned to Scotchtown.
Source: http://www.apva.org/scotchtown/house/