Col. John Buchanan, of the Borden Tract and Reed Creek, Augusta County, VA
Facts and Events
Col. John Buchanan was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
John Buchanan's land (Borden Tract NE Section, 393 acres) as shown on the map meticulously drawn by J.R. Hildebrand, cartographer. This map is copyrighted©, used by permission of John Hildebrand, son of J.R. Hildebrand, April, 2009. This tract was originally patented as 293 acres to John Buchanan on 6-7 April 1743, as listed in the Orange County record below. It was combined with another 100 acres acquired in 1747. Both tracts were sold to Samuel Buchanan (relationship to John undetermined) in 1756.
Acquisition of Land from Orange County, Virginia Records:
- Pages 36-39. 15-16 July 1742. Benjamin Burden of Orange County, Gent., to John Buchanan of Augusta County. Lease and release; for ₤19 current money. 634 acres called Fair Mountain Deal, part of a large tract belonging to Benjamin Burden, 92,100 acres by patent 6 Nov. 1739... on the north branch of James River called the North River... side of a small creek... (signed) Benjamin Burden. Wit: Robt. Coulton, Charles (X) Donahee, Geo. Moffett. 22 July 1742. Proved by Robt. Coulton, Charles Donahee and George Moffett. [Orange County Virginia Deed Book 8, Dorman, pg. 69].
- Pages 245-49. 6-7 April 1743. Benja. Borden of Orange County, Gent., to John Buchannan of same, Gent. Lease and release; for ₤8.18. - current money. 293 acres 1 rood, 20 pole, part of 92,100 acres by pattent 6 Nov. 1739... on Morphet's (s/b Moffett's) Creek... clear bottom on the north side of said creek... side of a hill by a small sink hole... crossing a branch... (signed) Benja. Borden. Wit: Wm Sayers, Joseph Walker, Margaret Buchannan. 26 May 1743. Acknowledged by Benjamin Borden, Gent. [Orange County Virginia Deed Book 7, pg. 53]. (Note: this tract is shown on the Hildebrand Map as "John and Samuel Buchanan", 393 acres (see disposition below). The Margaret Buchanan witnessing this deed is most likely John Buchanan's mother, Margaret Patton).
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 196. - 19th March, 1747. Benj. Borden, heir, executor & c., to Col. Jno. Buchanan. Testator agreed in his lifetime to sell J.B. ₤3; part of 92,100 acres, beginning on the creek corner to Jno. Edmiston; 100 acres. Witnesses, John Buchanan, Humberstone Lyon, William Sayers. Acknowledged, 19 March, 1746.
Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 328.—20th May, 1756. John Buchanan, gent., late of Reed Creek, to Samuel Buchanan, £132, 393 acres in 2 surveys: 1st containing 293 acres conveyed to John by Borden and recorded in Orange; 2d containing 100 acres conveyed to John by Borden and recorded in Augusta, on Moffet's Creek, cor. Jno. Edmiston.
John Buchanan's land (Borden Tract SW Section, 634 acres, 1742) as shown on the map meticulously drawn by J.R. Hildebrand, cartographer. This map is copyrighted©, used by permission of John Hildebrand, son of J.R. Hildebrand, April, 2009. Orange County records show that John Buchanan originally patented this 634-acre tract on 15 July 1742. The Hildebrand Map lists Robert Allison (83 acres), William Young (100 acres), James Anderson (200 acres) and Jacob Anderson (232 acres) as the original grantees. There are 15 acres unaccounted for from the original 634-acre tract.
Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 471.--15th March, 1757. John Buchanan, gent., and Margaret to Robert Allison, £25, 83 acres on North Branch James, part of 634 acres, part of Borden's 92100; cor. Jacob Anderson (bought by John from Borden).
- Page 473.--18th August, 1756. Same (From John Buchanan, gent., and Margaret) to William Young, £20, 100 acres part of 634 above, like description.
- Page 476.--9th March, 1757. Same (From John Buchanan, gent., and Margaret) to James Anderson, £75, 200 acres, part of 634 above. Cor. Hugh Martin's old survey on Back Creek.
- Page 478.--19th August, 1757. Same (From John Buchanan, gent., and Margaret) to Jacob Anderson, farmer, £40, 232 acres, part of 634 above. Cor. Wm. Young; cor. Ro. Allison. Delivered: Jacob Anderson, 27th July, 1772.
John Buchanan's land (Borden Grant NE Section, 370 acres) as shown on the map meticulously drawn by J.R. Hildebrand, cartographer. This map is copyrighted©, used by permission of John Hildebrand, son of J.R. Hildebrand, April, 2009. Land of James Buchanan is adjoining this tract to the north.
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 159. —19th March, 1753. Borden, etc., to John Buchanan, 370 acres of 92100, 1753. Walker's Creek; corner James Buchanan, said Buchanan's Run; Rutherford's line.
Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 518. - 10 February, 1755. John Buchanan, Jr., weaver, to James McCown. £95, 370 acres in Borden's tract, conveyed by Borden to Buchanan by deed recorded; James Buchanan's corner, crossing Walker's Creek, John Walker's line. Livery by key of mansion house.
Note: this tract is adjoining a 415 acre tract of James Buchanan. Some sources have mis-identified this John Buchanan as a son of that James Buchanan, but as indicated in the Chalkley's disposition above, this is most likely John Buchanan, Jr., son of John Buchanan and Margaret Campbell.
Other Acquisitions of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 54. - 22nd March, 1755. John Buchanan, yeoman, and Margret, of Beverley Manor, to John Buchanan, gentleman, of Reed Creek, ₤60, 684 acres by patent, 22nd August, 1753, on Chestnut Creek, a branch of New River on So. side thereof. (Note: John Buchanan, "yeoman" and Margaret are the parents of this John Buchanan).
- Page 57.--22d March, 1755. Same to same (John Buchanan, yeoman, and Margret, of Beverley Manor, to John Buchanan, gentleman, of Reed Creek), £10, 10, 2, 130 acres on the waters of Mississippi on a branch called Indian River, opposite a small island, a great sink hole. Sent to Col. Wm. Preston, May, 1771. (Note: John Buchanan, "yeoman" and Margaret are the parents of this John Buchanan).
- Page 61.--20th March, 1755. Same to same (John Buchanan, yeoman, and Margret, of Beverley Manor, to John Buchanan, gentleman, of Reed Creek), £60, 880 acres by patent, 22d August, 1753. on Indian River. (Note: John Buchanan, "yeoman" and Margaret are the parents of this John Buchanan).
- Page 138.--9th September, 1766. John Moffete, Robert Moffette and Jean to John Buchanan, gent., £40, 170 acres, part of 340 acres made over to John and Robert by Samuel McDowell, 18th August, 1764; corner Robert Moffette in Samuel Walker's line, corner Robert Moffette in James McGavock's line. Teste: John Maxwell, John Taylor, Alex. Walker.
- John Buchanan and Margaret and William Thompson and Mary received a large patent (at least 561 acres) "on James River, corner Thomas Stevenson, crossing Jennings Creek", as listed in the dispositions below.
Other Dispositions of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 313.--3d March, 1769. John Buchanan, gent., and Margret to John Campbell, £340, 740 acres on a branch of the Indian or Holstone River, called the Middle Fork, said tract being known by the name of the Royal Oak. Teste: James Crow, John Mills, David Campbell, Arthur Campbell, John Howard, George Skillern. Delivered: David Campbell, May, 1771.
The next four deeds are listed consecutively in Chalkley's, relating to a large tract on the James River:
- Page 456.--18th October, 1768. John Buchanan and Margaret and William Thompson and Mary, to James Skidmore, £55.5, 88 acres, part of a tract patented to John and William, 8th April, 1767, on James River, John Jones's line. Teste: Robert Campbell, Hugh Logan, David Smith. Delivered: Randolph Guin per order filed 22d June, 1798.
- Page 459.--22d October, 1768. Same (John Buchanan and Margaret and William Thompson and Mary) to Hugh Logan, £70, 125 acres, part of above patented tract on James River, corner Thomas Stevenson, crossing Jennings Creek. Teste: Robert Campbell, David Smith, Thos Stevenson.
- Page 463.--22d October, 1768. Same (John Buchanan and Margaret and William Thompson and Mary) to Thomas Stevenson, £70, 118 acres, part of patent above, on James River, corner Logan's line. Teste: Hugh Logan, Robert Campbell, David Smith.
- Page 466.--22d October, 1768. Same (John Buchanan and Margaret and William Thompson and Mary) to David Smith, £40, 230 acres, similar deed to above. Delivered: David Smith, September, 1772.
- Page 375 - 25th June, 1769. John Buchanan's will--Lands on Reed Creek called Anchor and Hope,and 500 acres on New River where Adam Harman lived; to sons, James, William, and John (all under 30); to wife and children, tract where Walter Stewart lives; to daughter, Mary Boyd, wife to Andrew Boyd; to three youngest daughters; to George Wilson; to relative, James Buchanan,merchant in this county. Executors, Col. Andrew Lewis, Col. Wm. Preston, and nephew Wm. Campbell. Teste: John Smith, Robt. Breckinridge, Wm. Thompson, Jno. McClellan. Proved, 16th August, 1769. Preston and Campbell qualify; and 23d February, 1818, the will not having been recorded a certified copy is now ordered to be spread on record.
- Page 233.--16th August, 1769. William Preston and William Campell's bond as administrators of John Buchanan (with William Thompson, Robert Breckinridge, William Christian, Patrick Campbell, John Mills, David Robinson, John Taylor).
- Page 389.--14th October, 1769. Col. John Buchanan's estate appraised by John Blackimore, Jos. How, Saml. Pepper.
- [Montgomery County, VA] - Buchanan, John, Col., dec. Executors release land. Jan. 5, 1773. ["A Brief of Wills and Marriages in Montgomery and Fincastle Counties, Virginia, 1733-1831”, compiled by Anne Lowry Worrell, pg. 46]
From Chalkley's Augusta County Records: (Proves John married daughter of James Patton)
- Page 131.--1st September, 1750. James Patton's will--Daughter, Mary, wife to William Thompson, 1 negro woman; tract called Spring Hill; 3,000 acres on which Saml. Stalnaker and others is living, known by name of Indian Fields, on waters of Houlston's river, a branch of the Missisipio. Grandson, James Thompson, infant, remainder in above in fee tail. Daughter, Margaret, now wife of Col. John Buchanan. To son-in-law, William Thompson, the tract called Springfield, joining where widow Gouldman now lives and on which Henry Patton lives. William is to keep the estate intact for his son, James, until 1772. To Margaret, tract called Cherry tree bottom, near Robert Looney's tract at mouth of Purgatory, tract on which there is a small stone house. Margaret's daughter, Mary; sister, Preston, and her son, William Preston, £10 to be paid to Rev. John Craig, pastor at Tinkling Spring, to pay his stipends from 1740 to 1750, to be paid by the congregation out of the money advanced by him to help build the meeting house. £10 of same to be laid out for a pulpit and pulpit cloth. John Preston's bond to be given up to his son. Wm. Preston. All debts due by George Wilson, who is married to testator's wife's niece, Rebecca Vicers (Viers?), to be given up. Granddaughter, Mary Buchanan. Executors, John Buchanan, Wm. Thompson, nephew, Wm. Preston, Silas Harte. All disputes between executors to be left to arbitration of the minister and elders of Tinkling Spring church. Testator was agent for John Smith, Zachery Lewis, Wm. Waller, Wm. Green, Wm. Parks for the Roanoke and James River grants. As to the Great Grant on the waters of Misicipia, James Gordon, James Johnston, John Grimes, John _____, Richard Barns, Robert Gilchrist, James Bowre, Robert Jackson, have assigned their parts to testator. Richard Winston's part is assigned to little John Buchanan. To Mary Preston, horses. Teste: Thomas Stewart, Edward Hall, John Williams. Proved, 26th November, 1755, bv Stewart and Hall. Wm. Preston refuses to execute, also Silas Harte. Buchanan and Thompson qualify, with sureties David Stewart, Joseph Culton, Wm. Preston, Edward Hall, Thomas Stewart. 16th August, 1769, Wm. Preston qualifies executor.
- Page 329.--__ _____, 1761. Jno. Buchanan and William Thompson, executors of James Patton, to James Lecock, of the city of Limerick, Ireland. Power of attorney to sue and recover all debts due James Patton in Kingdom of Ireland, either by hand, bill. book account, or in trust from any person, but particularly from Mr. Campbell, of City of _____. Teste: Wm. Preston, John Brown.
- Page 277.--6th May, 1761. Charles Millikcn (Mellegan, Millegan), of Orange County, North Carolina, to John Buchanan, gent., power of attorney to convey 297 acres patented to Patrick Hays, 30th June, 1743, and since conveyed to Charles by said Hay. Teste: Jno. Smith, David Robinson, David Luney, John Luney.
- Page 78.--27th June, 1761. Zachary Lewis, of Spottsylvania, to John Buchanan and Wm. Thompson, release of all rights in an order of Council for 100.000 on the waters of James River and Roanoke, granted to Zachary Lewis, Wm. Waller. Benj. Waller and Robert Green, 3d November, 1740. renewed, May, 1745, for 50,000 acres and since renewed for 30,000 acres in which grant James Patton was a partner.
- Page 763.--10th January, 1764. John Buchanan and Wm. Thompson executors of James Patton, £215, 400 acres on north side James River. Teste: Henry Field, Wm. Simpson, Thomas ( ) Garraway, Jno. Frazer, Wm. and Alex. Ingles
- Page 182.--20th August, 1765. James Patton's executors to Patrick Calhoon, late of Augusta, but now of Province of South Carolina, yeoman, £14.10, on Reed Creek whereon Patrick formerly lived, 322 acres by a survey made by said John Buchanan, 9th April, 1752, John Vance's line.
- Page 8.--12th August, 1766. William Ritchie, farmer, to John Buchanan, gent., certain horses and cows in consideration of the payment of certain debts due the estate of Col. James Patton, and mortgaged to Buchanan for that purpose. Teste: John McFerson, Mary ( ) Ritchie, Wm. Preston.
- Page 508.--22d January, 1767. Account of slaves purchased by John Buchanan, gent., executor of James Patton. Six slaves cost £337.10.0, purchased for Buchanan's oldest daughter Mary Buchanan and annexed to her lands on James River.
- Page 21.--16th August, 1769. John Campbell to Arthur Campbell, £100, 240 acres called the Royal Oak, on Holston or Indian River, patented to John Buchanan, gent., 22d August, 1753, and conveyed to John Campbell, 2d March, 1769. Teste: Pat. and Alex. Buchanan, James Cowan. Delivered David Campbell, May, 1771.
- Vol. 2 - Drake vs. Campbell--O. S. 214; N. S. 75--Bill, 8th June, 1807. Orator is John Drake of Kentucky. John Buchanan of Augusta died testate, leaving remainder to three younger daughters or the survivors of them come of age. Orator's father, Joseph Drake, in 1773 married Margaret, one of the daughters of John Buchanan. Prior to 1778 Joseph moved to Kentucky, where in that year he was killed by the Indians, leaving orator infant of very tender years. Margaret afterwards married _____ Jones. Josiah Ramsey deposes, 1809, that the Indians were troublesome in Washington County from 1776 to 1779. Col. Robert Sawyers deposes at Fort Chesel in Wythe County, 1808. He was present at marriage of Joseph Drake and Peggy Buchanan. John Buchanan, son of Col. John Buchanan, deceased, grandfather of orator, was second lieutenant in same Company with deponent in Seventh Regiment of Virginia line on Continental Establishment and in spring of 1777 was detached under command of then Col. Morgan from Middle Brook, New Jersey, against Burgoyne, and was killed at battle of Saratoga. John Floyd sailed in a privateer against the enemy in the fall of 1776, and returned in 1779. Widow of Col. John Buchanan, deceased, married William Anderson shortly after marriage of Joseph Drake and some time before the death of her son John. Patent 23d December, 1779, to Wm. Campbell and Wm. Preston, executors of John Buchanan, deceased, assignee of James Patton, deceased, by survey 1749-50, 1,150 acres part of order of Council to James Patton et als on Sinking Creek waters of Middle Branch of Indian River. Mary Boyd, wife of Andrew Boyd and daughter of Col. John Buchanan, deposes in Wythe, 18th November, 1809. Col. William Preston died in 1784. Anna Buchanan married Ephraim Drake in Kentucky. She was born 28th November, 1765. Joseph Drake and Margaret Buchanan were married in March, 1773. Thomas Boyd deposes. Andrew Boyd deposes. Daniel Young, son of Jacob Young, deposes in Nashville. Col. John Buchanan's will. John Drake lived in Nicholas County, Kentucky. Answer by John and Francis Preston, John Breckenridge, and John Brown, executors of Wm. Preston and administrators with will annexed of John Buchanan, and also of Elizabeth Madison, John Preston, Francis Preston, James McDowell and Sarah, his wife, William Preston, Nathaniel Hart and Susannah, his wife, James P. Preston, John Lewis and Mariah, his wife, and Letitia, Thomas and Peggy Preston, infants, by John Preston, their guardian; which said John, Francis, Elizabeth, Sarah, William, Susannah P., James P., Mary, Letitia, Thomas and Peggy are children of William Preston, deceased. Col. James Dysart, aged 65 years, deposes in Lincoln County, 22d June, 1808. In 1776 on account of Indians, Joseph Drake moved to New River near his father's. In 1778 or 1777 he moved to Kentucky. In 1769 deponent and Joseph made a hunting tour of seven months in Kentucky; again in 1771 a tour of nine months, and in 1772 a tour of eleven months. Deponent and Col. Buchanan came from same neighborhood in Ireland and were remotely connected. When Joseph moved to Kentucky, Anna Buchanan was about 10 or 12 years old. John Campbell deposes in Washington County, 18th March, 1808, he is 66 years old. James Buchanan, power of attorney dated Bourbon County, Virginia, 26th June, 1787. Col. Wm. Donalson deposes in Davidson County, Tennessee, 5th July, 1808, is 48 years old. Deed 8th July, 1788, by Thomas Madison, attorney for James Buchanan, son and heir to John Buchanan, deceased, to John Campbell, 1,150 acres in Washington County on Indian, now called Holstein, River. Recorded in Washington County. James Newell deposes in Wythe County, was present at marriage of Joseph Drake. Deponent and Joseph were in 1774 on the Shawnese expedition together. Col. Robert Craig deposes at own house in Knox County, Kentucky, 18th June, 1808. James Buchanan deposes 21st March, 1799, at house of Patton Anderson in Fayette County, Kentucky. James Thompson deposes in Abingdon, 19th October, 1809, was present at Joseph Drake's marriage; none of Margaret's people was present except William Buchanan. They were married at the town house about 17 miles east of Abingdon; there were present, viz: Ephraim Drake, William Anderson, Widow Cartey, Peggy Campbell, Anna Campbell et als. Ephraim Drake deposes in Bedford County, Tennessee, 26th June, 1809. Joseph and Margaret were married agreeable to the established custom by Mr. Wolsey, a Baptist preacher; her elder brothers were present. Col. Mathew Willoughby, aged 59, deposes 26th March, 1813, in Washington County, Virginia. John Young, son of Jacob, was notorious for bonestealing; also Daniel Young, son of Jacob. Deed 23d October, 1810, by Margaret Jones, now living in Franklin County, Tennessee, widow and relict of William Jones, deceased, also of Joseph Drake, to John Drake, of Bedford County, Tennessee. Recorded in Washington County, July, 1811. John Campbell answers. When Joseph moved to Kentucky, Margaret had three brothers, viz: William, killed in Kentucky; John, killed at Saratoga in 1777; James, now living in Kentucky. Margaret, widow of Col. Jno. Buchanan, married _____ Anderson and was living with him in Botetourt in 1777. John Buchanan's will of Augusta County. Sons, James, William and John; wife, _____, daughter of Col. James Patton; daughter, Mary Boyd; three younger daughters; nephew, William Campbell.
N 37° 31.095 W 079° 41.858
A-19 Virginia Looney's Ferry, established in 1742, was the first crossing of the James River in this region. On the other side of the river was Cherry Tree Bottom, home to Colonel John Buchanan, and above the mouth of this creek stood Fort Fauquier, 1758 - 1763
- ↑ Cherry Tree Bottom plantation was bequest from James Patton to his daughter Margaret, along with a stone house at what is now Buchanan Virgnia. While this is supposed to have been a bequest in his Patton's will, but I've not seen the actual will, just references to it. Presumably the small stone house at Buchanan was collocated with Cherry Bottom plantation. Whether John died here or not is not obvious (so far). He acquired Anchor and Hope plantation in Wythe County, and that may have been where he was living at the time of his death. Presumably Buchanan VA is named after John Buchanan, which implies that's where he lived, and where he most likely died. More research needed, both to confirm and document the above.