Person:John Beaufort (64)

John "Fairborn" Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset
d.16 Mar 1410 Middlesex, England
Facts and Events
Name[11] John "Fairborn" Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset
Gender Male
Alt Birth[2][3][4][10] 1371 Beaufort, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France
Other? House of Beaufort
Birth[1] 1373 Lincolnshire, EnglandPottersgate?
Alt Birth? 1373 Beaufort, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France
Marriage Bef 28 Sep 1397 of, Upholland, Lancashire, Englandto Margaret de Holland
Title (nobility)? 1396/97 Created Earl of Somerset
Title (nobility)? 1397 Marquess of Dorset
Title (nobility)? 1397 Marquess of Somerset
Title (nobility)? 1399 Degradation> By Parliament he was degraded from the Marquessate of Dorset
Other? Office: King's knight.
Other? Office: Constable of Wallingford Castle; of Dover Castle; of Corfe Castle.
Other? Office: Warden of the Cinque Ports.
Other? Office: Chamberlain of England.
Other? Office: Captain of Calais.
Other? Office: King's Lieutenant of South Wales.
Other? Office: Constable of England.
Other? Honors: Knighted. (K.G.) Knight of the Order of the Garter.
Will[9] 16 Mar 1409 London, London, England
Death[1] 16 Mar 1410 Middlesex, EnglandSt Katharine's by the Tower
Residence? Château de Beaufort, Goudet, Haute-Loire, France
Probate[9] 5 Apr 1410
Other? Kinship: Illegitimate son - legitimized 9 Feb 1396/1397.
Military? Appointments> Admiral of the Fleet in the West and North.
Military? Battles and Wars> Joined the crusade of Louis II, Duke of Bourbon, to Barbary, 1390; present at the siege of Medediah, southwest of Tunis; in Lithuania, engaged in the Crusade organized by the Teutonic knights, 1394.
Property? Granted by his father, John of Gaunt, the manor of Overston, Northamptonshire. Held the manor of Sampford Peverell, Devon. Held the manor of Aller Peverell, Devon
Probate? Died testate.
Burial? Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, EnglandSt. Michael's Chapel


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

John Beaufort, 1st Marquess of Somerset and 1st Marquess of Dorset, later only 1st Earl of Somerset, KG (1373 – 16 March 1410) was the first of the four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and his mistress Katherine Swynford, later his wife. Beaufort was born in about 1371 and his surname probably reflects his father's lordship of Beaufort in Champagne, France.[1]

The family emblem was the portcullis which is shown on the reverse of British pennies minted between 1971 and 2008. John of Gaunt had his nephew Richard II declare the Beaufort children legitimate in 1390, John of Gaunt married Katherine Swynford in January 1396. Despite being the grandchildren of Edward III, and next in the line of succession after their father's legitimate children, the Lancasters, the Beauforts, including John Beaufort, were initially barred from succession to the throne.

Peerage of England
William de Mohun of Dunster

1141-1155
Dormant with his death

Second Creation

1397
'

Earl of Somerset

1397-1410

Henry Beaufort, 2nd Earl of Somerset

1410-1418
his son

John Beaufort, 3rd Earl, 1st Duke

1418-1444
his son

Marquess of Somerset
1397-1399
Forfeit
New Creation Marquess of Dorset
1397-1399


References
  1. 1.0 1.1 John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. Weis, Frederick Lewis; Walter Lee Sheppard; and David Faris. Ancestral roots of certain American colonists, who came to America before 1700: the lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and some of their descendants. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Pub. Co., 7th Edition c1992), p. 3 line 1:31, Primary quality.

    John Beufort, by [John of Gaunt and (3) Catherine (Roet) Swynford], Earl and Marquis of Somerset, b. abt 1371/2 (in adultry by then mistress, Catherine; legitimated by statute, 1397); d. 21 Apr 1410; m. abt. 1397/9 Mararet de Holand (47-33), d. 30 Dec. 1439. Margaret m. (2) Thomas, Duke of Clarence. (CP IV: 416; CP VII; 415; CP XII (1):39-45 (see esp. p. 44 not h); Paget I:23; DNB Suppl. i, 158; Gens. 1-32: Moriarty, The Plantagenet Ancestry). John is the grandson of Edward III of England, and the line descends, through son Edmund, down to American colonists Edward Pelham and his half-sister Penelope Pelham Winslow.

  3. Weis, Frederick Lewis, and Walter Lee Sheppard. The Magna Charta sureties, 1215: the barons named in the Magna Charta, 1215 and some of their descendants who settled in America. (Baltimore [Maryland]: Genealogical Pub. Co., Unknown edition (1955-1999)), p. 111 line 90:9, Primary quality.
  4. Richardson, Douglas. Plantagenet ancestry : a study in colonial and medieval families. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co Inc, c2004), p. 14 BEAUFORT:11, Primary quality.

    See also p. xxix, p.186 HOLAND:8.ii, p. 205 LANCASTER:10.iii

  5.   Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), vol. 2 p. 378, Primary quality.
  6.   John De Beaufort Somerset, in Find A Grave.
  7.   John de Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  8.   JOHN Beaufort, son of JOHN "of Gaunt" Duke of Lancaster & his third wife Katharine Swynford née Roët ([1371]-Hospital of St Katherine by the Tower, London 16 Mar 1410, bur Canterbury Cathedral), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Nichols, John. A collection of all the wills, now known to be extant, of the kings and queens of England, princes and princessess of Wales, and every branch of the blood royal: from the reign of William the Conqueror to that of Henry the Seventh, exclusive, with explanatory notes and a glossary. (London: J. Nichols, 1780), pages 208 to 211.

    The will can be read here (in Latin).

  10. Born before the death of his mother's 1st husband on 13 Nov 1371; aged about 21 years in 1392
  11. Given the surname of BEAUFORT from his father's (lost) castle in Champagne which had devolved on him through his 1st wife: See 'Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists', 2nd ed. p. 14 BEAUCHAMP:11.
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