Person:Joanna, Duchess of Brabant (1)

Joanna , Duchess of Brabant
b.24 Jun 1322
d.1 Nov 1406
Facts and Events
Name Joanna , Duchess of Brabant
Alt Name Jeanne
Gender Female
Birth[1] 24 Jun 1322
Marriage 1334 to William II , Count of Hainaut
Marriage Contract 17 May 1351 Damvillers, Meuse, Franceto Wenceslaus I , Duke of Luxembourg
Other 8 Aug 1351 Avignon, Vaucluse, Francedispensation
with Wenceslaus I , Duke of Luxembourg
Marriage Mar 1352 to Wenceslaus I , Duke of Luxembourg
Death[1] 1 Nov 1406
Ancestral File Number 8BG8-B7
Alt Death[3] 1 Dec 1406 The City of Brussels, Brabant, Belgium
Burial[3] The City of Brussels, Brabant, BelgiumBrussels Carmelite Church


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Joanna, Duchess of Brabant (24 June 1322 – 1 November 1406), also known as Jeanne, was the heiress of Duke John III, who died in Brussels, December 5, 1355. Her mother was Marie d'Évreux.

Joanna's first marriage, in 1334, was to William IV, Count of Holland (1307–1345), who subsequently died in battle and their only son William died young, thus foiling that project of unifying their territories.

Her second marriage was to Wenceslaus of Luxemburg. The famous document, the foundation of the rule of law in Brabant called the Blijde Inkomst ("Joyous Entry"), was arrived at in January 1356, in order to assure Joanna and her consort peacable entry into their capital and to settle the inheritance of the Duchy of Brabant on her "natural heirs", who were Joanna's sisters, they being more acceptable to the burghers of Brabant than rule by the House of Luxembourg.

The document was seen as a dead letter, followed by a military incursion in 1356 into Brabant by Louis II of Flanders, who had married Margaret, Joanna's younger sister, and considered himself Duke of Brabant by right of his wife. With the Duchy overrun by Louis' forces, Joanna and Wencelaus signed the humiliating Treaty of Ath, which ceded Malines and Antwerp to Louis. By August 1356 Joanna and Wencelaus had called upon the Emperor, Charles IV to support them by force of arms. Charles met at Maastricht with the parties concerned, including representatives of the towns, and all agreed to nullify certain terms of the Blijde Inkomst, to satisfy the Luxembourg dynasty.The duchy continued to deteriorate with Wencelaus' defeat and captured at the battle of Baesweiler in 1371.

On Joanna's death, by agreement the Duchy passed to her great-nephew Antoine, the second son of her niece Margaret III, Countess of Flanders.

Her tomb was not erected in the Carmelite church in Brussels until the late 1450s; it was paid for in 1459 by her sister's grandson, Philip the Good. Though it was destroyed in the course of the French Revolutionary Wars, its appearance has been reconstructed from drawings and descriptions by Lorne Campbell, who concluded that the tomb was an afterthought, providing an inexpensive piece of propaganda for Philip's dynastic rights.

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Joanna, Duchess of Brabant, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2.   Jeanne de Brabant, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3. 3.0 3.1 JEANNE, in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.