Person:James Stuart (37)

     
Maj. Gen. James Ewell Brown "J.E.B." Stuart
m. abt. 1823
  1. Colombia Lafayette Stuartabt 1824 -
  2. William Alexander Stuart1826 - 1892
  3. Dr. John Dabney Stuart1828 - 1877
  4. Maj. Gen. James Ewell Brown "J.E.B." Stuart1833 - 1864
  5. Victoria A. Stuartabt 1838 -
  6. Bethemia F. Stuartabt 1840 -
  7. Devid Pannill Stuartabt 1842 -
  8. Mary Tucker Stuartabt 1844 -
  9. Virginia Stuart
  • HMaj. Gen. James Ewell Brown "J.E.B." Stuart1833 - 1864
  • WFlora Cooke1836 - 1923
m. 14 November 1855
  1. Flora Stuart1856 - 1863
  2. Philip St. George Cooke Stuartabt 1858 -
  3. James Ewell Brown Stuart, Jr.abt 1860 - 1930
  4. Virginia Pelham Stuart1863 -
Facts and Events
Name[1][2] Maj. Gen. James Ewell Brown "J.E.B." Stuart
Gender Male
Birth[1] 6 Feb 1833 Patrick, Virginia, United StatesLaurel Hill
Marriage 14 November 1855 Ft. Riley, Kansasto Flora Cooke
Death[1] 12 May 1864 Richmond (county), Virginia, United Statesage 29 - died at the Battle of Yellow Tavern
Burial[1] Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond (independent city), Virginia, United States


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart (February 6, 1833 – May 12, 1864) was a U.S. Army officer from Virginia and a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War. He was known to his friends as "Jeb", from the initials of his given names. Stuart was a cavalry commander known for his mastery of reconnaissance and the use of cavalry in support of offensive operations. While he cultivated a cavalier image (red-lined gray cape, yellow sash, hat cocked to the side with an ostrich plume, red flower in his lapel, often sporting cologne), his serious work made him the trusted eyes and ears of Robert E. Lee's army and inspired Southern morale.

Stuart graduated from West Point in 1854 and served in Texas and Kansas with the U.S. Army, a veteran of the frontier conflicts with Native Americans and the violence of Bleeding Kansas. He participated in the capture of John Brown at Harpers Ferry. Resigning when his home state of Virginia seceded, he served first under Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley, but then in increasingly important cavalry commands of the Army of Northern Virginia, playing a role in all of that army's campaigns until his death. He established a reputation as an audacious cavalry commander and on two occasions (during the Peninsula Campaign and the Maryland Campaign) circumnavigated the Union Army of the Potomac, bringing fame to himself and embarrassment to the North. At the Battle of Chancellorsville, he distinguished himself as a temporary commander of the wounded Stonewall Jackson's infantry corps.

Arguably Stuart's most famous campaign, Gettysburg, was marred when he was surprised by a Union cavalry attack at the Battle of Brandy Station and by his separation from Lee's army for an extended period, leaving Lee unaware of Union troop movements and arguably contributing to the Confederate defeat at the Battle of Gettysburg. Stuart received significant criticism from the Southern press as well as the postbellum proponents of the Lost Cause movement, but historians have failed to agree on whether Stuart's exploit was entirely the fault of his judgment or simply bad luck and Lee's less-than-explicit orders.

During the 1864 Overland Campaign, Union Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan's cavalry launched an offensive to defeat Stuart, who was mortally wounded at the Battle of Yellow Tavern. His wife wore black for the rest of her life in remembrance of her perished husband.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Jeb_Stuart. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.


Image:JEB Stuart Monument.jpg

Jeb Stuart Monument in Richmond, Virginia (1907)
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at J.E.B. Stuart. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 James Ewell Brown "J.E.B." Stuart, in Find A Grave.

    [Includes monument photos and portrait photo.]

  2. James E.B. Stuart, in Peyton, John Lewis. History of Augusta County, Virginia. (Staunton, Virginia: Samuel M. Yost and Son, 1882), p 310, Secondary quality.

    ... James E. B. Stuart graduated at West Point 1854, and was commissioned second lieutenant of cavalry; wounded in battle with Cheyenne Indians, 1858; was at capture of John Brown in 1859; promoted 1860 to captaincy in United States Army; in 1861 resigned and joined Confederate side, and was made Lieut.-Col. 1st Va. Cavalry, and rose rapidly to be Major-General, and was placed in command of all the cavalry of the army of Northern Va. Enjoyed the friendship and confidence of Lee, Jackson, and J. E. Johnston, and won the devotion of his men. This enterprising and distinguished officer— the Murat of the Confederacy — was killed at the age of 29, May, 1864, at the battle of Yellow Tavern. He was the youngest Major-General since the days of Napoleon. He was the idol of the army and of the people of Va. He m Flora, d of Gen. Philip St. George Cooke, U. S. A., by whom he left two children: 1. J. E. B., and 2. Virginia. ....