Facts and Events
James Stuart was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Revolutionary War Pension Information
Information from “Virginia/West Virginia Genealogical Data from Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Records”, Vol. X, compiled by Patrick G. Wardell, Lt. Col. U.S. Army Ret. :
Stewart, James - born 1/2/1757 in Augusta County (area later Bath County), Virginia; entered service 1778-79 in Virginia company; granted Pension 1833 in Bath County, Virginia, per County Clerk of Court Charles L. Francisco; last Pension payment in file in 1838. F-S6159, R2290.
Revolutionary Pension Application Transcript
- The Commonwealth of Virginia, Bath County, to wit,
- On this 12th day of February 1833 personally appeared before the Justices of the Court Court of Bath in the State of Virginia now sitting in open Court, James Stewart aged about seventy six years a resident of this County who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the Act of Congress passed June the 7th 1832. That he was born on the 2d of January in the year 1757 in the County of Augusta (now Bath) in the state of Virginia that he entered the service of Virginia as a private in the year 1778 or 1779 and was drafted for and served a tour of three months to guard the frontier of Augusta County at Clover Lick Fort, against the Indians under the command of Captain Andrew Lockridge, he was discharged, but does not recollect receiving any written discharge. That in the year 1779 or 80 he was again drafted as a private and served a tour of one month to guard the frontiers of Augusta County at Warwicks Fort against the Indians under the command of Captain Thomas Hicklin and was discharged but received no written discharge. And that he was again drafted as a private in the year 1781 and served a three month tour of duty against the British was marched from Augusta County under the command of Captain Thomas Hicklin, Lieutenant Joseph Gwin and Ensign Thomas Wright who were under the command of Colonel Sampson Matthews and Colonel William Bowyer down to New Castle crossed James River at Shady Point and next day joined the army from thence he marched to Suffolk and thence to Camp Carson where he was stationed during winter and where he took a prisoner he was frequently in scouting parties and in the month of March marched to Portsmouth and was there in a skirmish in which several prisoners were taken and the next day marched back to Camp Carson where he was discharged but received no written discharge. He further states that in June 1781 he was again drafted as a private and served a tour of twenty days, he marched on horseback from Augusta County to James Town under the command of Captain Peter Hall and Colonel John McCreery, was in the battle at James Town and was then discharged but received no written discharge. He further states that he served a tour of one month and ten days as a substitute for James Carlile in the year 1781 during that time he crossed and recrossed James River at Westham in pursuit of General Tarlton and was in the counties of Chesterfield and Amelia and the town of Petersburg he was discharged but received no written discharge. He is not in possession of any documentary evidence by which he can establish the fact of his services as above set forth - That he does not know of any person now living by whom he could prove the same that there is no minister of the Gospel residing in his neighborhood. That John Sharp, John Carlyle and William McClung are his neighbors who will testify as to his character for veracity and their belief as to his services as a revolutionary soldier that he has no record of his age and that he hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state.
- Sworn to and subscribed this day and year aforesaid.
- James Steuart (Signed)
- Pg. 468 - Will of James Steuart, dated May 27, 1836
- Wit: John, William K. and Moses Gwin
- Probated October 1841 Court
- Exec: John B. Steuart
- Beq: to beloved wife Jane all household and kitchen furniture with beds and bedding, Negro man Harry and wife Hannah for life, also girl Betsy; use of the house; kitchen house, hard garden, and use of as much fruit as necessary for the family, plus use of land in the orchard and a piece behind the orchard for life, also 2 horses, 4 cows, 10 sheep and the small stable
- to eldest son William the plantation where he now lives by paying $500; also $1
- to son James a portion of the home place, land on Lick Bottom along the river to Sugar Tree Bottom; 200 acres south of my lands; half of the Clover Lick Survey where he resides
- to son John Negro boy Philip and child Jude, release of a $100 bond and an old wagon
- to son St. Clair the balance of the home place, half of the Clover Lick Survey, a survey on the west side of this, and part of a survey adjoining the home place and Botkin land; Negro man Harry when his wife dies, all farm utensils, the windmill in the barn, rifie gun, and $500 bond on son William with this stipulation: St. Clare is to furnish his mother "comfortable necessaries of life such as meat, bread, difewood, etc., also pasturing and wintering for her stock, and he is to furnish my brother Usher "a comfortable living and a decent burying"
- the boy Harry is to work on the farm when he is not in the immediate employ of my wife
- to son Robert A. the upper end of the lands adjoining George Ervin on the Cowpasture, extending below the mill and to the Meadow Ground and Tom's Cabin Hollows, Cold Spring Hollow (Tharp's Pitch Orchard Hollow) - Negro man George
- to daughter Dorothy Ervin Negro girl Milly Ann, and $50
- to daughter Jane Friel Negro girl Violet, portion of the mountain land, and use of Can't Field while she and William Friel live there
- to daughter Polly Hupman Negro child Elcy Ann
- to son St. Clair the balance of the mountain land
- to son Robert A. use of the pine timber on Clover Lick Trace while he remains in residence where he lives
- to my sons my library
- to son John B my silver watch, old blacksmith tools
- to wife Jane my family Bible
- son Robert A. is to leave open a lane above the mill to the Bullpasture Mountain side for St. Clair to do hauling
- Negro woman Hannah to be free at my sife's death and to have thhe choice of which of my family to live with; also one cow from my wife's property
- residue to wife and son John B., or he gets Negro woman Rachel and the balance to wife
- WILL OF JAMES STEUART
- In the name of God, Amen.
- I, James Steuart of the County of Bath and State of Virginia, being of sound mind and disposing memory, for which, I thank God. But being weak in body and calling to mind the uncertainty of human life, am disposed to make distribution of this worlds goods, that God has pleased to help me with, in the manner and form following.
- Viz. In the first place, it is my will and desire, that all my just debts and funeral expenses be paid.
- 2nd. I will and bequeath to my beloved wife Jane Steuart all my household and kitchen furniture, together with the bed and bedding, etc. that may not be disposed of otherwise, to her and her heirs forever. I will Negro man Harry to be to her used during her natural life, also Negro woman Hannah during her natural life, also Negro girl Bitsy to her and her heirs forever. Also the use of the house and kitchen-house, yard, garden and the use of as much fruit as necessary for family use, and the land in the orchard and the piece below the orchard, during her natural life. I will to her the choice of two horses out of my stock of horses, her choice of my cows forn and ten head of sheep her choice of the flock, to her and her heirs. Also the small stable.
- 3rd. I will and bequeath to my eldest son William Steuart that plantation on which he now lives, by paying five hundred dollar. Beside what has been paid already. Also, I will him on dollar, to him and his heirs forever.
- 4th. I will and bequeath to my son James Steuart, a portion of my home place. Viz. A piece, in the Fork Lick bottom, then down the meanders of the river to the Sugar Tree Bottom, then with the fence as now divided. Also a survey of two hundred acres made on the south of my lands, also have of the Clover-Lick survey, to be divided by a conditional line agreed on, and to be marked off, to him and his heirs forever. (he resided on sd. lands now).
- 6th. I will and bequeath to my son Jno B. Steuart one Negro boy named Philip, and one Negro child named Jude, to him and his heirs forever. Also, I release him from the payment of a hundred dollar bond, now in the hands of my son, James Steuart. Also my old waggon, to him and heirs forever.
- 7th. I will and bequeath to my son St. Clair Steuart the balance of the home place, not otherwise disposed of, also one half of the Clover Lick survey to run with a line marked off, also a survey on the west side of said place, also part of the survey made joining the home and bottom land by a line to be named hereafter, said land I reside on now, to him and his heirs forever. Also, one Negro man Harry at the decease of my wife Jane Steuart, to him and his heirs forever. Also, all my farming utensils, wind mill in the barn, my rifle gun to him and his heirs forever. Also a five hundred dollar bond on my son Wm Steuart, and all at any time heretofore given him to him and his heirs forever. Also as an equivalent, I will that my son St. Clair Steuart furnish my wife Jane Steuart in the comfortable necessaries of life such as meat, bread, fire wood, etc. Also pasture and wintering for her stock. Also, to furnish my brother Usher Steuart in a comfortable living and a decent burying. Also, I will that boy Harry when not in the immediate employee of my wife Jane Steuart, that he work on the farm under the control of my son St. Clair Steuart.
- 8th. I will and bequeath to my son Robert Steuart the upper end of my lands adjoining Geo. Erwin on the Cowpasture and extending down below the mill to a marked white oak tree, by the river side, thence to the back fence a straight line to a marked white oak on the out side; thence to a north east direction on the marked line, to a tree on the point of a ridge, thence more north to a marked tree, above the meadow ground hollow on the top of the ridge below Tom's Cabin Hollow, thence on a straight line to a small swamp below the mouth of the cold spring hollow (Tharp's pitch orchard hollow) to two marked trees, then all the land owned by me above, to Geo. Ervins land, to him and his heirs forever. Also one man slave named George to him and his heirs forever. And all at any time heretofore given him.
- 9th. I will and bequeath to my daughter Dorothy Ervin one Negro give named Milly Ann to her and her heirs forever, also, fifty dollars, in cash, to her and her heirs for ever.
- 10th. I give and bequeath to my daughter Jane Friel on Negro girl named Violet to her and her heirs forever. Also, a portion of my mountain land, Viz. to include all the land that will be on the west of a straight line to run in a parallel line with a division fence which separates cau's field from the other improved land, that is to make a straight line from the back line to the road, thence to a corner on the point of the ridge south east from the house to her and her husband during their natural lives, then to descend to their sons and their heirs forever. Also, to have the use of cau's field during the time said Jane and Wm Friel continue to live there.
- 11th. I give and bequeath to my daughter Polly Hupman, one slave Negro child called Eley Ann, to her and her heirs forever.
- 12th I give and bequeath to my son St. Clair Steuart the balance of my mountain land to him and his heirs forever.
- 13th. I leave to the use of my son Robt. A. Steuart the pine timber included in the piece of land marked off by the Clover Lick during the time he continues to live where he now resides.
- 14th. I give to my son's my library of books to be equally divided, that may not be otherwise disposed of.
- 15th. I give and bequeath to my son Jno B. Steuart my silver watch, also my old black smith tools, to him and his heirs forever.
- 16th. I leave to my wife Jane Steuart my family bible.
- 17th. I will and direct that my son Robert A. Steuart leave an open lane above the mill to the Bull-Pasture Mountain side, for the benefit of St. Clair Steuart to do hauling, etc.
- 18th. I will and direct that Negro woman Hannah be left free at the death of my beloved wife Jane Steuart and is to have her choice of living with any of the members of my family and also that one good cow be left to her, out of the property left to my wife Jane Steuart.
- 19th. I will and bequeath, that all the ballance, of my property not particularly mentioned, be left jointly between my beloved wife Jane Steuart and my son John B. Steuart, or my son Jno B. Steuart may take Negro woman Rachel, and Increase, should he think proper, to his part, and the balance to go to my wife Jane Steuart, to them and their heirs forever.
- 20th. I will and direct that my executor be not required to give security.
- And lastly, I do hereby constitute and appoint my son John B. Steuart, Executor of my last will and testament hereby revoking all former wills, by me made, in testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this 27th day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty six.
- (Signed) James Steuart
- Signed and acknowledge, in the presence of
- John Gwin
- William E. Gwin
- Moses Gwin
- Bath County Court October Term 1841
- This last will and testament of James Steuart decd. was presented in Court and proved by the oath of John Gwin and Moses Gwin subscribing witnesses there to and ordered to be recorded
- Teste S. A. Porter
Name: James Steuart 1
Birth: 7 JAN 1757 in Augusta County, Virginia 1 2 3
Source . Lyman Chalkley CHRONICLES OF THE SCOTCH-IRISH SETTLEMENT IN VIRGINIA Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County 1745-1800 Vol II p. 496
Military Service Declarations
James Stewart's Declaration, January 12th, 1833: Born in Augusta County (now Bath) January 7, 1757; was drafted in 1778 or 1779 and served at Clover Lick Fort under Capt. Andrew Lockridge; in 1779, or 1780, was drafted and served at Warwick's Fort under Capt. Thomas Hicklin; in 1781 was drafted under Capt. Thomas Hicklin, Lieut. Joseph Gwinn, Ensign Thomas Wright, Col. Sampson Mathews, Col. William Bowyer; in June, 1781, was drafted and served under Capt. Peter Hull and Col. John McCreary; in 1781 he served as substitute for James Carlile
- Father: William Steuart b: ABT 1732
- Mother: Margaret Usher
- Marriage 1 ?
- Dorothy Steuart b: BEF 1782
- Jane Steuart
- James Steuart
- William Renick Steuart , Sr
- Mary (Polly) Steuart
- St Claire (Sinclair) Steuart b: ABT 1800 in Virginia
- Robert Steuart
- John R Steuart
Title: History of Highland County, Virginia
Author: Oren F. Morton, B. L.
Publication: Originally Pulished 1911 - Reprinted with new Index Regional Publishing Co. 1969
Note: Bath County Historical Society, Inc
Page: p 338
Title: History of the Stuart Family
Author: William Stuart
Publication: by Essie W. Stuart
Note: Library of West Virginia - copy at Bath County Historical Society
Page: p 30
Text: bon January 7, 1757
Title: Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County 1745-1800
Author: Lyman Chakley
Note: 3 Volumes
Page: Vol 2 p 496
Text: Military Service Declarations
James Stewart's Declaration, January 12th, 1833: Born in Augusta County (now Bath) January 7, 1757;