James Fulton, of South Mountain, Augusta County, VA
Facts and Events
James Fulton was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA
James Fulton's land (Beverley Manor SW, 637 1/2 acres, 1742) as shown on the map meticulously drawn by J.R. Hildebrand, cartographer. This map is copyrighted©, used by permission of John Hildebrand, son of J.R. Hildebrand, April, 2009.
Acquisition of Land from Orange County, Virginia Records:
- Pages 107-112. 24 March 1741-25 March 1742. William Beverley, Esq., of Essex County to James Fulton of Orange County. Lease and release; for ₤19 current money. 637½ acres in Beverley Manor... line of the pattent of the Mannor... (signed) Wm. Beverley. Wit: James Cathey, Charles Campbell, Robert Ramsay. 25 March 1742. Acknowledged by William Beverley, Esq. [Orange County Virginia Deed Book 5, Dorman, pg. 7].
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 568.--28th February, 1749. Same (Grant from William Beverley) to Robert Steel, 309 acres in Beverley Manor; corner Robert Alexander and Robert Ramsey; corner Nathaniel Steel; James Fulton's line; corner Samuel Steel. Teste: Samuel Steel, John McClure.
Will of James Fulton
In James Fulton's will(3) written 18 July 1752 and proved 15 August 1753, he clearly states his occupation as farmer. He first mentions a black pacing mare brought from New England and his riding horse. (4) It is evident in the division of the rest of his horses among his children, that the older horses were given to the older children and the young mares or colts were left to the younger children still living at home. Hugh was to receive two of these horses, one bred in New England and one bred in Augusta County. The other four mares and the unbroken mares and colts were divided among the children with provisions that the young mares first colts be given to the younger daughters. (Correction: "to my son John a roant mare bred in New England, not the black pacing mare as stated earlier."Omitted was the line: "Item I give and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth a black pacing mare brought from New England.") (5)
James Fulton's Will
In the Name Of God Amen, I James Fulton of the County of Augusta in the Colony of Virginia, Farmer, being sick and weak of body but of perfect mind & memory. Thanks be given to Almighty God and calling to mind the Mortality of my Body knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die do make this my Last Will in manner & form following: That is to Say principally I recommend my Soul to Almighty God who gave it & my Body I commit to the dirt to be buried in a Christian like & decent manner at the discretion of my Executors; And touching on Such worldly Estates wherewithal it hath pleased God to bless me I give & bequeath as follows: Imprimis I give & bequeath to my Son Hugh two hundred & fifty acres of the Land I now live on to be taken off the upper part of my place joining Samuel Steel's line & I give & bequeath to my Son James (6) the Remainder of my land with its Improvements, and I order a good convenient place to be purchased for my Son William out of the whole Stock. Item I order my Son James to maintain & take care of my well beloved wife During her life. I also order him to take care of the two young boys David & Thomas & my three daughters Elizabeth, Eleanor, and Jane while they live together. I order of most of my moveables to be divided amongst my children at the discretion of my Executors according to the necessity of my children. Item I give & Bequeath to my son John his riding horse and a chestnut colored pacing mare with a swip & an unbroken dark coloured colt four years old. I give & bequeath to my son James two bay mares. Item I give & bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth a black pacing mare brought from New England. Item I give & bequeath to my son Hugh a roant mare bred in New England & another Dark Coloured Mare bred here. Item I give & bequeath to my Son William a bay mare & also a sorrel mare. Item I give & bequeath to my son James two bay mares. Item I give & bequeath to my son David a young black mare about three or four years old & I allow him to give my Daughter Eleanor the mare's first colt. Item I give & bequeath to my Son Thomas a young Bay Mare two years old & I order him to give my daughter Jane her first colt.
Lastly I constitute & appoint my Wife Sarah Executrix & my Son Hugh my Executor of this my Last Will & I do Authorize them to dispose & make Sales of any of the rest of my Goods & Chattles not here mentioned at their discretion from time to time as need Shall require & also to distribution of the rest of my Effects not here bequeathed among the Children as they Shall think fit & I do hereby revoke & disannul all other former Legacies, Wills, & Executors by me in any wise formerly made or done ratifying. Appointing, Confirming & allowing this & none other to be my last Will & Testament in Wittness whereof I have here unto Set my hand & Seal this Eighteenth Day of July 1752.
Sealed & Published & his
Declared in the Presence of James (James) Fulton
Tho. (T B) Beard
To fulfill the terms of the will, two tracts of land was transferred to John around the time of his father's death. (7) One of these tracts was later transferred to William shortly before his marriage to Margaret Lusk (after 1771) according to the dictates of their father's will, presumably paid for from the sale of his father's stock.
- Page 89.--18th March, 1755. James Fulton's appraisement taken by Hugh and Sarah Fulton, executors, appraised by Alex. Brownlee, Patrick Hays, Robert Alexander.
Records of James Fulton in Augusta County, VA
- Page 432.--19th November, 1747. £27 current money Virginia. George Brackenridge to Thomas Beard, 309-1/2 acres in Beverley Manor; corner to James Lynn and John Tate; corner to David Steel. Teste: James Fulton, Samuel Wilson, Samuel Steel. Acknowledged by George, 18th November, 1747, and Ann releases dower.
- Page 68.--26th November, 1747. David Steel's appraisement by James Fulton, Charles Campbell and John Mitchell. Books. Cash due by Isaac Roads. Cash due Jno. Teas. Cash due executors of Thos. Steel, deceased. Cash due to Thos. Johnston. Recorded, 17th February, 1747-8.
- Page 24.--Wm. Beverley to Nathaniel Steel, Beverley Manor; corner John Teat and Geo. Brackenridge, Jno. Lockhart and Ramsey, David Steel, James Fulton, 17th June, 1748.
- Page 157.--17th March, 1748-9. David Moore's inventory by James Fulton, John Mountgomery and Patrick Hays. Ro Coulton, due for 2 gallons whiskey at 3 shillings; Jno. Shields, due; Jno. Carr, due; Jas. Aikin, due; Benj. Watson, due; Jonathan Brown, due; James Walker, due; John Lowry, due; Jno. Edmiston, due; Wm. McCreerey, due; James Shields, due; Wm. Worthclaw, due.
- Page 244.--26th February, 1749. Andrew Boyd's will, farmer--Wife, Rebecca; two sons, Thomas and John; cousin, Jno. White, 1 cow, if he come to live here. He is to live 3 or 4 years at a Spring between (betwixt) Andrew's dwelling house and the Half Way Creek. Executors, wife and James Fulton. Teste: Wm. Hay, Jennat Boggs, Robert Alexander. Proved, 22d May, 1750, by Hay and Boggs, and both executors give bond, with sureties Patrick Hays. Rebecca's mark--
- Page 568.--28th February, 1749. Same to Robert Steel, 309 acres in Beverley Manor; corner Robert Alexander and Robert Ramsey; corner Nathaniel Steel; James Fulton's line; corner Samuel Steel. Teste: Samuel Steel, John McClure.
- Page 254.--10th August, 1750. Andrew Boyd's appraisement, by James Fulton, Wm. Moore and Robert Alexander. Jennet Steel's note; Alex. McCorkle's note; David Moore's note.
Information on James Fulton
SOUTH MOUNTAIN BRANCH
JAMES FULTON AND DESCENDANTS
Augusta Co., Virginia
Compiled by Norma Jennings 1997,1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002,
You may freely link to these pages, but you may not copy or reprint these pages in their entirety other than for your own research
Last Updated: September 21, 2002
- 1. James Fulton (b. abt. 1690, d. 1753) and his wife Sarah, both were born in Northern Ireland and originally settled in the northern colonies in the early 1730's, possibly Paxton Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. James Fulton mentions New England twice in his will which was filed in Augusta Co., Virginia. Many of his neighbors were originally from Counties Antrim and Down, but we only know for a certainty that James Fulton was from Northern Ireland. Transactions have been found indicating acquaintances in Chester and Lancaster Counties, Pennsylvania. Their eldest son deposes that he was 12 years old when they came to Augusta County which would place his birth in 1727. Several collateral families have been traced back to the Lancaster Co., Pa. area. The normal route followed by migratory groups as they left Pa. for the southern states was via the Great Philadelphia wagon road. Little more that a wagon trail, it was the trail followed through the mountain passes. While some of the families came from even further north in Connecticut, they all passed through this Philadelphia area in their travels.
The original copies of the first census in 1790 for Virginia were burned during the War of 1812. In an effort to reconstruct the census, lists of state enumerations and tax lists for the years 1782, 1783, 1784 and 1785 were compiled. While Chalkley's writings are full of errors and omissions, they are still the best readily available source of information on Augusta County, Virginia residents. Often a fulll copy of records mentioned in those records will add more data, it remains a good starting point in research.
- AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT RECORDS. ORDER BOOK No. XXIV.
Colberson vs. Fulton.--John Fulton and John Handly of Augusta. Bond to Robert Colberson of County Chester, Pennsylvania, 22d March, 1755.
AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT RECORDS. ORDER BOOK No. XXIV.
Culberson vs. Gay.--John Fulton and John Gay. Bond to Robert Culberson, of Pennsylvania, dated 22d March, 1755.
The map of Beverly Manor shows James Fulton's land was 3 miles south of Greenville, Virginia which is south of Staunton and located on U.S. 11. It is above Samuel Steele's (1) land (Steele's Tavern area) and not far from the Rockbridge County line. According to Colonial Virginia Source records, 1600s-1700s, Marriages of Virginia Residents, Vol. I, Part III, Surnames F-G, page 66, Margaret Fulton married Samuel Steele. This was his second wife.
The baptismal records of Reverend John Craig show that he had a daughter Eleanor baptized 10 December 1740, at Patrick Hays, in the South Mountain settlement. This baptismal record would show that he was there at least two years before the actual deed. The August 1763 marriage of Eleanor to William McCutcheon is from family records of the McCutcheon Family.
James Fulton settled in Augusta Co., Virginia on a 637 1/2 acre farm in Beverly Manor and received title to that land on 25 March 1742 after paying nineteen pounds to Beverly. He was a member of the South Mountain Presbyterian congregation and in 1742 was a member of Capt. John Christian's militia company.
The Fulton migration to Augusta County is not a complicated one to discern as they were among some of the first families to settle there and the history thereof is well-known. (2)
The first settlers of Augusta were, for the most part, the descendants, paternally or maternally, of the ancient Caledonians, who boasted that they had never been subjected to the law of any conqueror. They belonged to various Highland clans, and were strongly imbued with the prejudices, feelings, sentiments, &c., of their peculiar clans. One of the circumstances connected with their condition as followers of a chieftain was, that every clan bore the name of their hereditary chief, and were supposed to be allied to him, in different degrees, by the ties of blood. The haughty backwoodsman yielded a cheerful obedience to the head of the clan or colony, whom they regarded somewhat as a father. The clan leader in Ireland was clearly Hugh Fulton as the name Hugh appears in all of the families descended from James 1 Fulton of Augusta County, Virginia.
The children of James and Sarah Fulton whose names were:
- 2. i. Hugh Fulton born 1727 married Sarah Campbell
- 3. ii. James Fulton, born circa 1729, died 1781-2 m. Mary (Polly)Ward. Polly was named in the will of her father, John Ward.
- 4. iii. Elizabeth Fulton born in 1732 m. Samuel McCutcheon
- 5. iv. John Fulton born circa 1733-4; died 1789-90
- 6. v. William Fulton born circa 1735-6; died 1802
- 7. vi. Eleanor Fulton baptized 10 December 1740 m. August 1763 William McCutcheon
- 8. vii. David(8) Fulton died 1797, unmarried. Will dated 24 July 1797 -- names brother Thomas as executor and sister Jean as beneficiary. (9)
- 9. viii. Jane Fulton (or Jean) died 1806 (10) ,still unmarried in 1797
- 10. ix. Thomas Fulton, still living in 1806 according to sister's will/estate settlement. [O. S. 250; N. S. 88--Bill, 1808. Orator's father,
- 2. Hugh Fulton, (James1) was born in 1727 and died May 10, 1810, married Sarah Campbell. Hugh stated in his deposition that he was twelve years old when his father came to Virginia (11) . He was executor of his father-in-law Robert Campbell's will and was a neighbor and lifelong associate of Robert Alexander, founder of the Augusta Academy.
The children of Hugh Fulton and Sarah Fulton whose names were:
- 11. i. Major Hugh Fulton, 1759-1816.
- 12. ii. Robert Fulton born 1760.
- 13. iii. Sarah Fulton married 12 January 1792, Archibald Murray. Surety: Robert Fulton, brother. Rev. John Brown officiated.
- 14. iv. Martha Fulton married 16 November 1796 James Dalzel Witness: Archibald Murray, brother-in-law.
- 15. v. Mary Fulton married 12 November 1795 William Brownlee. Surety: Robert Fulton. Witness: John Fulton.
- 16. vi. Elizabeth Fulton married Alex Brownlee on 4 March 1800. Surety: John Fulton, brother Witnesses: Robert and John Fulton, brothers.
- 17. vii. Eleanor Fulton married 22 December 1803 Robert Hunter, son of Samuel Hunter. Minister Rev. John McCue of the Tinkling Springs Presbyterian Church.
- 18. viii.Thomas Fulton went west in 1803 and was never heard from again, according to the family.
Hugh Fulton, was guardian or executor or otherwise responsible to heirs of Robert Campbell, and loaned the trust property to William Moore in 1800. Hugh assigned William's bond to his son, Thomas Fulton. William gave deed of trust (to secure Thomas) to David Steele, his relation or near connexion. In 1803, Thomas went on a tour to the Western Country and has never been heard of since]
- 19. ix. John Fulton married Jane Reid 16 January 1804. Descendants in Missouri.
- 3. James Fulton (James 1 ). His widow Mary (John1) and her father John Ward were the administrators of his estate, 19 December 1781. Estate appraised June 9, 1782 by James Brownlee, Robert Doak and Thomas Boyd. John Ward named his daughter "Molly" Fulton in his will. "Molly and Polly" are common nicknames for Mary.
The children(12) of James Fulton and his wife Mary Ward whose names were:
- 20. i. James, not traced.
- 21. ii. John, died before 29 December 1843, the administration of his estate lists his brothers and sisters as his heirs.
- 22. iii. Hugh married Polly (Mary) Moore 27 April 1802, daughter of Andrew Moore. Minister John Howell. Their son Andrew Moore Fulton b. Oct. 17, 1807; d. Apr. 30, 1881; married January 14, 1836, in Russell Co., Va. to Abigale Ward (b. Mar. 11, 1814; d. July 9, 1845). Abigale was the daughter of David Ward, Jr. Both buried in Fulton Cemetery, Yell County, Arkansas.
- 23. iv. Eleanor(13) (Ellen) married John Shannon, Jr. 26 May 1801, as orphan of James Fulton. Widowed by 1843.
- 24. v. Sally (Sarah)(14) married David Gunning 1 September 1807.
- 4. Elizabeth Fulton (James 1 ) who was born in 1732 was married 23 June 1753 to Samuel McCutcheon b. ca. 1728 in Maryland, the son of John McCutcheon. He d. after 1807. Lived in Rockbridge Co., Va. Buried Old North Mountain (Bethel) Graveyard.
Children of Samuel and Elizabeth (Fulton) McCutcheon were:
- 25. i. James born 13 March 1754, died as an infant
- 26. ii. John born 01 March 1755; married December 1789 Agnes Porter, Rockbridge Co., Virginia. Moved to Tennessee 1790. Died 1841, Davidson Co., Tennessee.
- 27. iii. Sarah born 10 January 1757 in Augusta Co., married Joseph Pinkerton 27 April 1787 in Augusta Co.
- 28. iv. William born 17 November 1758, Augusta Co., married Jean Finley 20 June 1794; died 28 June 1848 Augusta Co., Va. Burial: Old North Mountain Graveyard.
- 29. v. Elizabeth born 10 June 1760, Augusta Co., Va., died unmarried 21 Jan 1847. She is buried at the Old North Mountain graveyard.
- 30. vi. Margaret born 16 November 1762, Augusta Co., died as an infant.
- 31. vii. Elinor, born 28 June 1764
- 32. viii. Margaret, born 06 April 1766, Augusta Co., married Joseph Smith 11 March 1800 Augusta Co. Admin. of Joseph's estate Blount Co., Tennessee in 1815.
- 33. ix. Samuel, Jr., born 16 May 1768, married Catharine Almonrode.
- 34. x. Jane, born 16 April 1770, Augusta Co. married Samuel Rucker.
- 35. xi. Frances born 01 March 1772 married Samuel McCutcheon (cousin of her father).
- 36. xii. James, born September 1775, Augusta Co. married Hannah Hopkins (1801).
- 5. John Fulton (James 1 ), planter, b. 1733-4; married his cousin, Mary Steele, daughter of Andrew Steele(?) (15) after 1753. John Fulton was still living in his father's household at the time of his father's death in 1753. He served in Capt. McCutcheon's Co. in the Revolution . His will dated June 30, 1789 was proved 21 September 1790. Lived at Greenville, Virginia. He sold 200 acres adjoining Thomas Beard on Moffett's Creek to William Fulton on 18 August, 1758. His will written in 1789 names the following children:
- 37. i. James Fulton, who was born 10 August 1755, died 14 Feb. 1834 at the age of 79. Buried Bethel Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Augusta County, Virginia. James Fulton was named as the eldest son in John Fulton's will and received 200 acres of land bordering his father's home place.
- 38. ii. Andrew(16) Steele Fulton, born circa 1756-7, married Elizabeth Hall, daughter of Edward and Eleanor Stuart Hall and sister to Sarah Hall Tate Fulton.
- 39. iii. Margaret Fulton married Andrew Wardlaw, 5 August 1792
- 40. iv. Sarah Fulton married William Ramsey in 18 December 1794.
- 41. v. Samuel Fulton, married 2 October 1795 to Margaret Givens.
- 42. vi. William Fulton (17) , b. after 1770, under sixteen and named as infant when his father died; bond or license date 15 June 1802 to marry Martha Graham (Nickname Patsy). Martha was the daughter of William Graham, deceased. On 6 October 1801, he purchased the 109 acres that his father had devised to his brother Samuel.
- 43. vii. Hugh Fulton(18) , b. aft. 1762, moved to Flemingsburg, Kentucky (19), . His will was filed in Bk. H p. 103 on 16 September 1829. Wife Margaret, dau. Nancy Pangborn of Brown Co., Ohio.
- 44. viii.Elizabeth Fulton(20) married, 3 December 1801, John Caldwell
Relatives who were not direct heirs were often witnesses or executors of a will.
- Page ___.--30th June, 1789. John Fulton's will, freeholder--To wife,Mary; to oldest son, James, 200 acres adjoining home plantation; to son,Samuel, 109 acres; to son, William, infant; to son, Andrew, 5 shillings;to son, Hugh, 5 shillings; to 3 daughters, Sarah, Margaret, Elizabeth,unmarried. Executors, wife Mary and son Andrew. Teste: Thomas Fulton,Samuel McCutchen, Jas. Steel, David Fulton. Proved, 21st September,1790, by McCutchen, Steel, and David Fulton. Executors qualify. 189/190It appears that John Fulton used the traditional naming pattern of that era by naming his eldest son James for his father, his second son Andrew for her father,etc.
6. William Fulton (James 1 ) died before 28 June 1802 when his will was probated and after 9 February 1802, the date that he wrote the will. This will was filed in Augusta Co. Virginia, but was omitted from Chalkley's records. William Fulton married Margaret Lusk. (21) 2 October 1759. William was a farmer and as one of the younger sons did not receive an education. He signed his will with his mark instead of a signature. William bought 200 acres 15 August 1758 from John Fulton located on the south side of Moffet's Creek adjoining William Kennedy's corner. William Fulton was quite young when his father died. As a result, William deviated from the traditional naming pattern of that era and named his eldest son after the brother, John, who had looked after him and remained close to him throughout his life until John's death in 1790. We do not know the ages of some of William's children. This family tended to marry later than some families and some never married..
Another William Fulton was a schoolmaster (22) in 1758, but this William was illiterate and could not have been a schoolmaster (23) .
The children of William Fulton and Margaret Lusk whose names were:
- 45. i. Elizabeth, birthdate unknown, married Robert McKnight 2 May 1807
- 46. ii. Mary, birthdate unknown
- 47. iii. Jane, birthdate unknown, married 4 October 1808 to William McKnight.
- 48. iv. John born circa 1776; died 27 March 1855
- 49. v. Hugh born 1778; died unmarried in January 1857
- 50. vi. William Fulton born 1780; died unmarried in August 1854
- 51. vii. Sally (Sarah) born circa 1781, underage in 1798 when her father, William, sent a letter of permission for her to marry James Strong. (24)
- 52. viii.Martha, born circa 1783, died 19 September 1860
- 53. ix. David, birthdate unknown, was named in his father's will in 1802, but seems to have left Augusta County. He was living in the parental home at that time.
- 7. Eleanor Fulton (James1) baptized 10 December 1740 m. August 1763 to William McCutcheon
(Lt. William McCutchen/an/eon) fought in the French and Indian War and the Revolution, before being murdered in 1785???).
(NOTE: From McCutcheon descendants):
SAMUAL MCCUTCHAN b. abt. 1700 near Glasgow, Scotland and d. 1797.
He married FRANCIS NOBLE
William McCutcheon (1740-1786) and Eleanor Fulton (1740-1824)
James McCutcheon (abt 1764 - 1822) and Elizabeth Hunter (abt 1770-1822)
Samuel McCutcheon (1795-1867) and Sarah Reasor (1805-1854)
- Ancestry Family Trees. (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.), This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note, Primary quality.