Person:James Cary (10)

James Cary
b.abt 1622-27 or 1632
m. 10 Mar 1658
  1. Oswald CaryBEF 1660 - 1691
  • HJames Caryabt 1622 - 1694
  • WAnne Dabson1643 - 1705
m. on or aft. 27 Sep 1664
  1. James Caryaft 1664 - 1726
  2. Ann Caryaft 1664 - aft 1702
  3. Elizabeth Caryabt 1669 - 1729
  4. Jane Caryaft 1673 - aft 1705
  5. Mary Caryabt 1675 - aft 1719
  6. Robert Caryabt 1675 - 1751
  7. Edith Cary1675 - aft 1751
Facts and Events
Name James Cary
Gender Male
Birth[2][3][4][18][19] abt 1622-27 or 1632 Possibly either in Devon or London, England
Marriage Banns 27 Feb 1658 St. Margaret Moses, London, Englandto Elizabeth Stone
Marriage 10 Mar 1658 St. Michael Paternoster Royal, London, Englandto Elizabeth Stone
Marriage License 27 Sep 1664 St. Margaret Moses, London, Englandto Anne Dabson
Marriage on or aft. 27 Sep 1664 St. Margaret Moses, London, Englandto Anne Dabson
Other[14] 20 OCT 1691 Legal
Death[15][16][17] 1694 London, EnglandMust have been between 21st October, 1694 (when he wrote his will) and the 1st of December in the same year (when he was buried).
Will[15] 21 Oct 1694 London, EnglandWill written
Burial[16][17] 1 December, 1694 St. Augustine, London, England"... in St Austins ch(urch)."
Occupation[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] Watling Street, London, England"Tobacconist" & "Virginia Merchant"
Probate[15] 20 Dec 1694 Will proved


Contents


Biography

James Cary was named alternatively as a Citizen, Salter and Merchant of London.

Faifax Harrison in The Virginia Carys refers to him as: "The founder of the house of Virginia merchants subsequently known as "Robert Cary & Co." when they were Colonel George Washington's correspondents."—S1

Possible Origins of James Cary

In Volume II of The Devon Carys, published in 1920 (pp. 694-695),S3 Fairfax Harrison wrote:

Another, and in this case a direct, migration of the Devon Carys to London to engage in trade appears in the family of James Cary (1622-1694) of Hampstead, a Virginia merchant and the first of three generations in that trade who sold tobacco on commission for the Virginia planters and purchased for them in England those supplies from a “Fashionable sett of Desert Glasses” or “2 wild beasts, not to exceed 12 inches in height nor 18 in length,” to a “chariot in the newest taste, handsome, genteel and light,” and so contributed to that English flavour in Virginia colonial life which is its racy characteristic.
No evidence has yet come to light definitively to identify the origin of this James, but the tradition of his descendants is clear that he was a scion from the Devon tree, and it seems likely from the iterated reproduction of the Clovelly name Robert among those descendants that he came of that household. This assumption finds a warrant in the fact that a cadet line of the Clovelly family had been engaged in trade in Bideford for two generations when in 1622 they baptized a son James, otherwise unaccounted for, who fits into the known facts relating to our Virginia merchant. ....
Here Mr. Harrison inserts a footnote to refer to a passage in his first volume of the same work (p.281),S2 in which he treats of the family of George Cary (1578?-1643) of Cockington, and where, listing George’s sons, he had written:
VIII James, born 1627, has left no earmark for identification. He may have been the contemporary James Cary, Virginia merchant in London, whom we have preferably identified as his kinsman of the Clovelly family. ....
These present the two possibilities, within the so-called Devon Cary families, which could answer to the parentage of James Cary ‘Citizen and Salter of London’, as he so styles himself in his will.S15 The Clovelly family one providing possible parents: James Cary (1597–1634/5), of Bideford and Alwington, and his wife, Elizabeth née Grenville (1594–1635), whose son James was christened on 8 May 1622;S17 while the Cockington family would be: George Cary (1578/87–1643), of Cockington, and his wife, Elizabeth née Seymour (c.1591–?), whose possible son James was born about 1626 {cite|S18}} or 1627.S2
In his earlier work, The Virginia Carys,S1 Fairfax Harrison had made a ‘tentative’ identification of James Cary with this possibility of a Cockington Cary parentage, which he was now, a year later, considering less likely. However, there are some indications that his first thoughts may prove to be more compelling after all.
... This James Cary has been tentatively identified as another brother of Sir Henry Cary, of Cockington, and so of Francis Cary, supra. ….
In his will, James Cary makes a bequest of twenty pounds to his “loving neece Mary Buzby.” And we find in Harrison’s The Devon Carys, Vol. 1 (p. 275),S2 the following reference: “In the meanwhile, on February 10, 1663, Sir Henry (Cary) had married his daughter Grace, now twenty-one, to one ‘Robert Busby of St. Bride’s, London, gent., bachelor, aged about 25,’ ….” This marriage is also referenced in the Allegations for Marriage Licences.S19 One of the children of this marriage was a certain Mary Busby, born “about 1668 Holborn, London.” S20 She would then be a great-niece of her grandfather Henry’s brother, James – as the daughter of his niece, Grace Busby née Cary.
This is not yet conclusive evidence, but it does add some significant weight to the Cockington side of the scales. But more research will have to be done on this. — Robin Cary Askew, 17 August, 2009
To briefly take this question up again with another possibility altogether - at least in the endeavour to discover when James Cary was born. The two theories examined above show him either born in about 1622 or 1627. But there is another James Cary - who is actually identified as a merchant of London and involved in the tobacco trade with Virginia - who made a deposition on July 16 of 1677, in which he gave his age as 45 - which would indicate he was born in around 1632.S4 There is no proof here that this is the same James Cary, 'Citizen & Salter' – merchant and tobacconist of Watling Street, London. Or that this record of his age of forty-five in 1677 was correct. But it is highly suggestive nonetheless. However I have found no record of a James Cary born or baptized in or even within a couple of years of 1632 in either London or Devon. And I'm afraid we can probably rule out the James, son of Michael Cary, who was baptised on 24 December, 1632 in Gawsworth, Cheshire. — R.C.A., 7 December, 2013


 Descendants of James Cary and Allied Families 
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References
  1. Fairfax Harrison, The Virginia Carys (New York: De Vinne Press, 1919), pg. 143, 1919.

    "My late sonne Oswell Cary, deceased" is named in the will of James Cary (citing P.C.C. Box, 343)
    All other quotations (in the 'Possible Origins of James Cary') were extracted from a photo-reproduced facsimile reprint by Higginson Book Company, 148 Washington Street, Post Office Box 778, Salem, Massachusetts 01970 - web site: http://www.higginsbooks.com

  2. 2.0 2.1 Harrison, Fairfax: The Devon Carys, De Vinnne Press, New York, Vol 1, pp. 275, 281 .

    Taken from photocopy of page from original publication - courtesy of Thomas Hamm. Also may be found on-line at: GoogleBooks snippet views

  3. 3.0 3.1 Harrison, Fairfax: The Devon Carys, De Vinnne Press, New York, Vol. II, pp. 694-695, 1920.

    Taken from photocopy of page from original publication - courtesy of Thomas Hamm.
    Also may be found on-line at: GoogleBooks snippet views

  4. 4.0 4.1 Peter Wilson Coldham, The complete book of emigrants, 1661-1699.

    pg. 288: July 16, 1677 Deposition by James Cary of London, merchant aged 45, and his servant, Daniel Sheriffe, aged 22, that they consigned goods to Mr. James Waddinge of Virginia by the Planters' Adventure, Mr Ellis Ellis. In October 1673 Mr. Robert Workman sent tobacco from Virginia by the Price of London, Mr. Robert Connaway, and in August 1674 by the George of London, Mr. Thomas Grantham. (LMCD)
    ----
    pg. 292: 13 August- 3 October [1677] Shippers by the Concord, Mr. Thomas Grantham, bound from London for Virginia: ... James Carey, .... (PRO:E190/72/1, 80/1)
    ----
    pg 341: 6 August - 6 September [1679] Shippers by the Henry, Mr. Thomas Arnold, bound from London for Virginia: ... James Cary ... (PRO:E190/84/1)
    ----
    pg 419: 27 July - 17 August [1683] Shippers by the Jeffreys, Mr. Thomas Arnold, bound from London for Pennsylvania and New Jersey: ... James Cary ...(PRO: E190/115/1, 125/3)
    ----
    pg 429: 3 - 23 October [1683] Shippers by the Paridise, Mr. William Eveling, bound from London for Virginia: ... James Carey .... (PRO:E190/115/1)
    ----
    pg 610: 28 - 30 August 1688 Shippers by the Anne, Mr. Richard Howard, bound from London for Virginia: ... James Cary ... (PRO:E190/145/1)
    ----

  5. James Cary and Elizabeth Stone, in Woodhead, J. R. The rulers of London, 1660-1689 : a biographical record of the city of London. (London: London & Middlesex Archaeological Society, 1966), pp. 42-56.

    CAREY, James
    Co Co Bread Street 1689-90 (1) St Margaret Moses, 1664, West Smithfield, St Sepulchre, 1670, St Augustine, 1689, 1694 (2) SALT (3) d Oct-Dec 1694, bur St Augustine (4) Will PCC 243 Box pr, 20 Dec 1694 mar (A) 1658, Elizabeth, da of Oswell Stone of Froston, Leic, and AH Bread Street, (B) 1664, Anne, da of Robert Dabson of Aston, Oxon (5) Tobacconist (5) Property Berks (6) ? Tory, not Whig (7)

    (1) VBk, St Augustine (2) Boyd 13855, will of Mark WARKMAN, GR, VBk, St Augustine, will (3) Will, Boyd 13855 (4) Will, Reg, St Augustine (5) Boyd 13855 (6) Will (7) H of L, MS 154 (f)
    Accessed on: British History

  6. James Cary and Elizabeth Stone, in William Bruce Bannerman, The registers of St. Mildred, Bread Street, and of St. Margaret Moses, Friday Street, London - London: 1912, p. 59.

    « 27 Feb 1658 James Cary of this par., Tobakkenerst, & Elizabeth Stone of All Hollis, Bredgstreet, spinster, d. of Osnole Stone of Froston par. in Lestershire. Publication on 13 Feb , 20 Feb & 27 Feb »
    Accessed on 7 Oct. 2013 at: archive.org/stream

  7. Parish Register for St Margaret Moses, Little Friday Street, London.

    « St Margaret Moses 1657 Marriages / … / 1658 / … / Febry 27 | Jas Carey of this p. Tobacconist & Eliz. Stone of All / Hollis, Bredgstreet , sp. publication »
    Image from the London Metropolitan Archives, St Margaret Moses, Transcripts of baptisms 1559 - 1812, marriages 1558 - 1666, burials 1558 - 1812, CLC/464/MS12003.
    Accessed on 7 Oct. 2013 at: ancestry.co.uk > London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line] > City of London > St Margaret Moses, Little Friday Street > 1558-1812 > Page (image) 171 of 244

  8.   Parish Register for St Michael Paternoster Royal, 1658-1682.

    « 1658 / … / Carey | M | James Carey and Elizabeth Stone were marryed in the / P(ar)ish Church of St Mychael Royall the Tennth Day of march 1658 – By mr Thurman minister »
    Image from London Metropolitan Archives, St Michael Paternoster Royal, Composite register: baptisms 1653-1681/2, marriages 1653-1666, burials 1653-1681/2, P69/MIC5/A/002/MS05143.
    Accessed on 7 Oct. 2013 at: ancestry.co.uk > London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line] > City of London > St Michael Paternoster Royal > 1653-1682 > Page (image) 24 of 66

  9.   Will of Luke Johnson (1659).

    In his will dated 25 June 1659 and proved 1 August 1659, "Luke Johnson of Virginia, planter" names his uncle John Turton and James Cary as executors. He also leaves a bequest to James Cary and "To Elizabeth, the wife of said James Carie". National Archives

  10.   Adminstration of George Reeves (1675).

    The will of George Reeves, written 1 November 1675 and proved 26 April 1689, mentions an obligation owed to "James Johnson of St. Sepulchers. London, Gent, and James Cary, Citizen and Salter". James Cary also appears among the witnesses to the will. National Archives

  11.   James Cary and Anne Dabson - marriage licence, in Calendar of Marriage Licences Issued by The Faculty Office, 1632-1714.' Edited by Geo. E. Cokayne, F.S.A. Clarenceux King of Arms, and Edw. Alexander Fry. London: Issued to the Subscribers by the British Record Society, Limited. 1905, p. 34.

    September, 1664
    « 27 |*Cary, James | Dabson, Anne »
    Calendar of marriage licences issued by the Faculty Office, 1632-1714 / On openlibrary.org
    Accessed on archive.org/stream

  12.   James Cary and Anne Dabson - marriage licence, in London marriage licenses, 1521-1869 Edited by Joseph Foster, from excerpts by the late Colonel Chester, D.C.L. With Memoir and Portrait. London: Bernard Quaritch, 15 Piccadilly, W. 1887, p. 251 .

    « Cary, James, of St. Margaret Moses, Youdon, salter, widower, and Anne Dabson, spinster, 21, daughter of Robert Dabson, of Aston, co. Oxon, gent., who consents–at Lutenor, co. Oxon. 27 Sept. 1664. F. »
    Accessed on 7 Oct. 2013 at: google.co.uk

  13.   James Cary and Anne Dabson - marriage , in International Genealogical Index / British Isles.

    « James Carey Gender Male Marriage: 27 SEP 1664 <St Margaret,Moses, , , England / Spouse: Anna Dahson »
    Accessed on FamilySearch.org - no source cited. And now (8 Oct. 2013) no longer accessible on the Family Search IGI Collection

  14. Torrence, Clayton, Ed. Edward Pleasants Valentine Papers. Richmond, Virginia: Valentine Museum, 1927, p. 304.

    James Cary of London Merchant & Ann Mallory of London Widdow & executrix of the last will and testament of Ralph Mallory late of London merchand deceased power of attorney to Capt. Jno. Purvis commander of the ship Loyall Effingham now bound for Virginia.(citing Middlesex County, Va. Deed Book 1679-1694, p. 490)

  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Will of James Cary, 21 Oct 1694.

    The will of James Cary dated 21 October was probated in the PCC 20 Dec 1694.
    see Transcript

  16. 16.0 16.1 BritishOrigins.com - 'London Burials Index 1538-1872'.

    « Burial Year: 1694 / Last Name: Cary / First Name: Jas / Parish: London (St Augustine Watling Street) / County: London »
    Burial Index 1538-1872

  17. 17.0 17.1 Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line] - London Metropolitan Archives, St Augustine Watling Street, Composite register, 1653 - 1698 .

    « St. Austins Burials | 1694 / … / « Mr. James Carey buried Dec 1st(?)* in St Austins ch. | Carey »
    [ * My Note: Ancestry has transcribed this date as "'7 Dec 1694-1695" - but to my eyes, the day number looks more like "1st" to me. It is quite different to the following entry which is "Dec 7." And the year has to be 1694 - given that his will was proved on 26 December, 1694. —R.C.A. ]
    Source Citation: London Metropolitan Archives, St Augustine Watling Street, Composite register, 1653 - 1698, P69/AUG/A/001/MS08872, Item 002. / Source Information: Ancestry.com. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. / Original data: Church of England Parish Registers, 1538-1812. London, England: London Metropolitan Archives.
    Accessed on 7 Oct. 2013 at: ancestry.co.uk > City of London > St Augustine, Watling Street > 1653-1698 > (p. 68/70)

  18. James Cary - possible baptism, in FamilySearch.org - England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975.

    « Name: James Cary / Gender: Male / Christening Date: 08 May 1622 / Christening Place: ALWINGTON, DEVON, ENGLAND / Father's Name: James Cary / Indexing Project (Batch) Number: C05018-1 / System Origin: England-ODM / GS Film number: 916800 »
    Source: England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, index, FamilySearch
    Accessed on 7 Oct. 2013 at: familysearch.org

  19. James Cary - possible baptism, in International Genealogical Index|International Genealogical Index / British Isles.

    « James Cary / Gender: Male Birth: About 1626 Of, Cockington, Devon, England / Father: George Cary; Mother: Elizabeth Seymour »
    Accessed on FamilySearch.org - no source cited. And now (8 Oct. 2013) no longer accessible on the Family Search IGI Collection

  20.   Robert Busby and Grace Cary - marriage licence, in Allegations for marriage licences issued by the Dean and Chapter of Westminster, 1558 to 1699 : also, for those issued by the vicar-general of the Archbishop of Canterbury, 1660 to 1679. Extracted by (the late) Colonel Joseph Lemuel Chester, LL.D., D.C.L., and edited by Geo. J. Armytage, F.S.A., Honorary Secretary to the Harleian Society. London: 1886 in The Publications of The Harleian Society. Volume XXIII for the year MD.CCC.LXXXVI. (1886), p. 83.

    « MARRIAGE ALLEGATIONS IN THE REGISTRY OF THE / VICAR-GENERAL OF THE ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY
    1662-3
    Feb. 10 Robert Busby, of St Bride's, London, Gent, Bachr, about 25, & Grace Cary, of St Giles in Fields, Spr, abt 21 ; consent of father Sir Henry Cary, Kt.; at St Mary’s Whitechapel, St Dunstan’s East, or Gray’s Inn Chapel. » Google Books

  21.   Mary Busby - birth, in International Genealogical Index|International Genealogical Index / British Isles.

    « MARY BUSBY / Gender: Female / Birth: About 1668 Holborn, London, England / Father: ROBERT BUSBY / Mother: GRACE CARY »
    Accessed on FamilySearch.org - no source cited. And now (8 Oct. 2013) no longer accessible on the Family Search IGI Collection