Facts and Events
James Caldwell was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Advisory on Caldwell family in Augusta County, VA
Some researchers believe that George, James and Robert Caldwell (possible siblings) that migrated to early Augusta County from Ireland (per records of importation) MAY be related to the Caldwell's in Cub Creek, Virginia. Additional research is necessary to prove any relationship with those other Caldwell families.
Importation to Orange County, VA
The following persons appeared in Orange County, Virginia court on 22 May 1740 to claim their "headrights" (Headrights were grants of 50 acres of land per "head" - or per white male over the age of 16 who transported himself to the colonies. They appear in the Court of Common Pleas in the county in which the land was granted):
- James Caldwell and his children: Mary, Jean, Agnes, John, Sarah & Samuel, all having come from Ireland through Philadelphia.
Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA
James Caldwell's land (SE/SW, 600 acres, 1738) as shown on the map meticulously drawn by J.R. Hildebrand, cartographer. This map is copyrighted©, used by permission of John Hildebrand, son of J.R. Hildebrand, April, 2009.
Note that land of George Caldwell (405 acres) is nearby to the east.
Acquisition of Land from Orange County, Virginia Records:
- Pages 96-99. 20-21 Feb. 1738 . William Beverley of Essex County, Gent., to James Caldwell of Augusta County. Lease and release; for ₤18 current money. 600 acres, part of the Mannor of Beverley in Augusta County... to Moses Thompson's line... in Ginnings [Ginnins] mill run... (signed) W. Beverley. Wit: Danl. McCarty, Hen. Downs, John Lewis. 22 Feb. 1738 . Acknowledged by William Beverley, Gent. [Orange County Virginia Deed Book 3, Dorman, pg. 8].
Disposition of Land in Augusta County:
- Page 133.--16th May, 1759. James Caldwell and Mary to Samuel Caldwell, £5, 300 acres in Beverley Manor on Christian's Creek, part of 600 surveyed for said James, Moses Thomson's line. Teste: Alexander Reid, Abraham Smith. Delivered: Samuel Caldwell. November, 1762.
Further Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 300.—21st June, 1763. Samuel Caldwell and Ann to Abram Smith, £106.10, 300 acres on Christian's Creek in Beverley Manor, part of 600 acres surveyed for James Caldwell; Moses Thompson's line. Teste: James Reed. Delivered: Col. Abraham Smith, March, 1772.
Will of James Caldwell
James Caldwell's Will
Named: Wife, Mary; Children: Jean, Agnes, John, Mary, Sarah, Samuel
Records of James Caldwell in Augusta County, VA
From Chalkley's Augusta County Records:
- Purchased 600 acres in Beverley Manor 20 February 1738, on Christian's Creek. (Wilson, p. 418) Was among Tinkling Spring subscribers who authorized John Finley and others as Commissioners to purchase land for Tinkling Spring. (Wilson, p. 84) Appeared on muster list of Capt. John Christian in 1742 (Chalkley 2:508) Appointed Constable in 1743. (Wilson, p. 109) Sold (gave?) 300 acres on Christian's Creek to Samuel Caldwell. (Chalkley 3:355)
- Page 96.--18th June, 1746. Adam Thomson, farmer, to James Armstrong, malster, £63 current money Virginia; 310 acres on north branch of Cleristee's Creek, a small island in said creek; corner to James Caldwell; corner to John Madison. Witnesses, Andrew Lewis, Thos. Chew, James Trimble. Acknowledged, 18th June, 1746, and Elizabeth releases dower.
- Page 500.--18th May, 1748. £7.10.0. Benj. Borden, &c., to John Huston (sold in testator's lifetime), 228 acres, part of 98,100 acres; corner to James Eikins and Richard Consard; corner to Consard and Samuel Dunlap. Teste: Robt. Davis, Jas. Caldwell, George Gardner. Acknowledged as above.
- Vol. 1 - Page 36 - August 20, 1748 - Page (63) Robert and Wm. Christian to lay out a road from Black James Armstrong's to Wm. Long's mill, thence to James Alexander's fence, with these workers: James Armstrong, George Rutlidge, Thomas Rutlidge, James Caldwell, James Armstrong. James Frain, William Robb, John Christian, James Alexander, John Black, John Wilson, Anthony Black, Wm. Wright, and Wm. and John Robinson.
- Page 74.--21st September, 1748. Isaac McCullagh to John Coulter, 230 acres in Beverley Manor; corner ye Christians, James Caldwell, John Davidson. Teste: Wm. Henderson, Thos. Gordon, Margaret, wife of Isaac.
- Page 453.--27th February, 1749. Same (From William Beverley) to Robert McClanachan, Gent., Christie's Creek, Beverley Manor. Corner William Nutt. Tract for Andrew Cowan, James Caldwell's line. Another tract called Elk Meadow, 216 acres, 190 acres. Teste: George Anderson, Arthur Hamilton.
- Page 489.--27th February, 1749. Same (From William Beverley) to William Hamilton, farmer. 678 acres in Calfpasture. Teste: James Caldwell. Delivered: Hum. Madison, 30th August, 1753.
- Page 327.----28th November, 1749. John Coulter to John Lusk, 230 acres in Beverley Manor. Corner Christian. Corner James Caldwell, William Armstrong's line. Isabell, wife of Jno. Coulter. Teste: James Henderson, Andrew Alexander.
- Page 333.--13th October, 1749. William Beverley to Robert McCorkal, 269 acres in Beverley Manor. Branch of Christy's Creek known as Nutt's Mill Creek. James Caldwell's line. Teste: Thomas Sheels. Delivered to James McCorkle, 6th May, 1752.
- Page 142.--27th February, 1750-51. William Preston to George Campbell and Saml. Tencher, 215 acres on head of Gr. Calfpasture. Teste: James Caldwell, John Bigham, John Maxwell.
- Vol. 1 - Page 48 - November 27, 1751 - Page (202) Grand Jury--James Trimble, James Caldwell, Wm. Baskins, Wm. Henderson, Robert Patterson, Alexr. Thompson, Andrew Russell, Mathew Armstrong, Archibald Hamilton, Thos. Gordon, Wm. Bell, James Robinson, Patrick McCullow, James Callison, Alexr. McFeeters, Thomas Waters.
- Page 214.--20th May, 1752. Robert McCorkal to William Marshall, 269 acres. Wm. Nutt's Mill Creek of Christian's Creek in Beverley Manor; James Caldwell's line. Teste: Edward Hall, Andrew Cowan, James McCorkall.
- Vol. 1 - Page 51 - May 21, 1752 - Page (252) James Caldwell--overseer of road from Nutt's Mill Creek, near his meadow, to Co. Ho.
- Page 104.--20th January, 1755. John Glass' will--Wife, Sarah; children, Samuel, John, William, Elizabeth, Sarah and Mary. The 100 acres lying between Joseph Glass and John Bukket; gives testator's part to John Bukket. The 150 acres lying between David Glass' line and Mr. Wood's, also to John Bukket. Executors are Wm. Wright, wife Sarah, Richard Pillson. Teste: James Caldwell, Andrew Alexander, John States. Proved, 21st May, 1755, by all witnesses, and all executors qualify.
- Page 141.--4th August, 1755. John Glass' appraisement by James Caldwell, Andrew Alexander, John Shields. John Glass' estate due to Patrick Kenan, Thomas Shields, Robert Moody, Wm. Long, Jas. Moody, Jno. Bigam. Samuel Downy, Thos. Brown, Jas. McLong, Arthur Hamilton, Wm. Karr.
- Page 201.--19th November, 1755. John Lusk to John Cafferton (Capebriton), £4, 230 acres in Beverley Manor; cor. to the Christians; cor James Calwell, John Davison's line. Delivered Wm. Armstrong 2d March, 1758.
- Page 149.--15th August, 1759. John Caperton and Mary, yeoman, to Henry Wilson, £25, 115 acres on a branch of Christian's Creek in Beverley Manor; corner James Caldwell. Teste: James Allen.
- Page 454.--20th March, 1762. John McNutt, weaver, and Catren ( ) to John Attkins, coardwaner, £26, 200 acres on Christian's Creek in Beverley Manor, George Rutledge's line, John Buchanan's Mill Creek; cor. Wm. Marchal, James Caldwell's line.
- Page 114.--15th February, 1763. John Lusk (Lisk) and Elisabeth to Henry Wilson, £20, 230 acres in Beverley Manor on Christians Creek; cor. to the Christian's lands; cor. James Caldwell, William Armstrong's line. Delivered: Henry Wilson, January, 1764.
- Page 180.--19th February, 1763. Robert McClenachan and Sarah to John McClenachan, £250, 310 acres by deed from James Armstrong on North Branch Christians Creek, small island in said creek; corner James Caldwell; corner Alexander McClenachan. Also 190 acres from Beverley on Christian's Creek; corner Wm. Nut's land; corner tract surveyed for Andrew Cowen, James Caldwell's line. Delivered: Alexander Sinclair per order, 13th December, 1773.
- Page 544.--22d February, 1764. Henry Willson and Mary to John Taylor, £55, 230 acres in Beverley Manor on a branch of Christian's Creek; corner to the Christians' land; James Caldwell's corner, William Armstrong's line. Delivered: John Taylor, 1766. Teste: W. Christian, P. Christian, Wm. Means.
- Page 793.--18th March, 1765. George Caldwell to William Caldwell, his son, £10, 130 acres, part of 405 acres in Beverley Manor on a branch of Christian's Creek, branch near said William Caldwell's house. Teste: Walter Davis, Alex. Stewart, Jas. Caldwell. Delivered: Mr. John Caldwell, 21st May, 1808. (Note: this is one of the few documents that James Caldwell witnessed of his probable brother, George Caldwell).
Information on James Caldwell
22 May 1740 James Caldwell and his children: Mary, Jean, Agnes, John, Sarah & Samuel appeared at Orange Co. Court to prove their importation, all having come from Ireland through Philadelphia. This James Caldwell appears to be the same one who purchased land in Beverly Manor in 1738, and who later is shown to have a wife named Mary, as per deed. I have found no further Augusta reference to him after about 1765. I descend from a WILLIAM CALDWELL who appeared in Mecklenburg Co., NC as early as 1768, where he married a daughter of Edward GIVENS, who had come to Mecklenburg from Augusta Co. some 20 years earlier. William Caldwell was born about 1741, and from names given to his children I suspect his father to have been named James and his mother to have been named Mary. Since Mary, the wife of James mentioned above, was not among those proving her importation, it is possible that she was a second wife. Does anyone know anything about this family?