Facts and Events
Israel Christian was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA
Israel Christian's land (Beverley Manor NE, 323 acres, acquired from Samuel Gay in 1747) as shown on the map meticulously drawn by J.R. Hildebrand, cartographer. This map is copyrighted©, used by permission of John Hildebrand, son of J.R. Hildebrand, April, 2009.
Israel Christian's land (Beverley Manor NW, 300 acres acquired from James Miller in 1754; 1/2 of Woodland Lot #8 acquired from John & Sarah Stewart in 1764) as shown on the map meticulously drawn by J.R. Hildebrand, cartographer. This map is copyrighted©, used by permission of John Hildebrand, son of J.R. Hildebrand, April, 2009.
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
(Note: Israel Christian amassed many land holdings in several areas of Augusta County and is mentioned as Israel Christian "merchant" in some transactions).
- Page 459.--5th October, 1747. £91.5.0. Samuel Gay to Israel Christian. 323 acres on branches of Shanado River; corner to George Robinson; line of Beverley Manor. Teste: James Patton, John Graham, Chas. Dalhouse. Acknowledged, 17th February, 1747.
- Page 443.--16th August, 1753. Same (From Thomas Paxton) to Wm. Christian. Lot 8 in Staunton, conveyed to Thomas as above (by Andrew Lewis and Robert McClenachan on behalf of County Court, 37th June, 1752). Delivered: Israel Christian, 17th February, 1757. Livery by key of the house.
- Page 200.--26th March, 1754. James Miller and Catherine, his wife, to Israel Christian, 300 acres in Beverley Manor, conveyed by Beverley to Miller May, 1751. Col. Beverley's Mill Place line.
- Page 320.--8th December, 1755. Thos. Waterson and Mary ( ), farmer, to Israel Christian, merchant, £155, 300 acres on a branch of Naked Creek, James Wood's line. Teste: Thomas ( ) Kirkpatrick.
- Page 92.--18th November, 1760. Erwin Patterson and Eleanor, of Lunenburg, to Israel Christian, £100, 200 acres on Buffalo Creek of Roanoke; corner Wm. Graham. Delivered: Wm. Thompson per order 30th August, 1762.
- Page 96.--17th November, 1760. Same to same (Erwin Patterson and Eleanor, of Lunenburg, to Israel Christian), £130, 300 acres on Buffalo Creek.
- Page 8.--19th August, 1761. John Mills, of Lunenburg County, to Israel Christian. Whereas Wm. Mills, of Augusta, on 9th October, 1751, constitued John Mills his attorney to sell his lands in Augusta, £__, 117 acres on Roanoke; Jno. Mill's line.
- Page 191.--Robert ( ) Dare (Adair) to Israel Christian, 24th January, 1762, £6, personalty.
- Page 502.--11th August, 1762. Abram Smith to Israel Christian, £20, 86 acres by deed, 11th August, 1762, at Mulberry Bottom, on Craig's Creek. Teste: Thomas Barnes.
- Page 524.--18th August, 1762. Richard ( ) Kerr to Israel Christian, £64, 240 acres by patent deed from Col. James Patton to Richard Kerr, 18th November, 1752, on Welsh Run, a branch of Roan Oak. Teste: Wm. Christian, Thomas Barnes, Archibald Handley.
- Page 34 - Israel Christian, 400 acres, Roanoke River, Buffilo Creek. Adjoining his own land. February 23, 1764. [Abstract of Land Grant Surveys, 1761-1791, Augusta & Rockingham Counties, Virginia, by Peter Cline Kaylor, pg. 14].
- Page 182.--20th March. 1764. Frances Beatey to Israel Christian, merchant of Augusta, lot 11 in Beverley Manor in the town commonly called and known by the name of the town of Staunton, conveyed by Lewis & McClenachan on behalf of the County to Thomas Paxton 17th June, 1752 and sold by Paxton to Beaty. Livery of seisin by handful of earth.
- Page 566.--24th March, 1764. Robert Christian to Israel Christian, £70, 250 acres on North Branch of James in Borden's tract, conveyed to Robert 25th November, 1751, oak by a warm spring, on north side Hais Creek. Delivered: Andrew Hays, November Court, 1773.
- Page 568.--26th March, 1764. John Stewart and Sarah to Israel Christian, £150, part of lot No. 3 adjoining the lot whereon Wm. Crow now lives, also 1/2 woodland lot No. 8. Livery by a latch of the door of the house on the premises. Delivered: Thomas Madison, March Court, 1773.
- Page 704.--7th June, 1764. David Robinson and Annabale (Annabell) to Israel Christian, £80, 245 acres on Buffalo Creek of Roanoke, near Carvin's Creek, Wm. Graham's, about 20-24 acres is overlapped by Wm. Graham's patent and is excepted. Teste: Wm. Davis. James Robinson. David Bryan, Wm. Christian.
- Page 105.--David Robinson and Anneble (Annable) to Israel Christian, 10th August, 1765, £40, 167 acres by patent, 10th March, 1756, on Buffalo (Creek) of Roanoke. Teste: David Robinson, Thos. Ramsey, Robert Buchanan, Daniel McNeil, James Robertson.
- Page 174.--17th August, 1765. Same to same (John Mills and Mary to Israel Christian), £50, 178 acres by patent, 20th September, 1745, on a branch of James River, beginning on a branch of Looney's Mill Run.
- Page 169.--18th August, 1765. John Mills and Mary to Israel Christian, £60, 122 acres on a branch of James River, line of Sloan's land. Delivered: Wm. Fleming, August, 1766.
- Page 171.--19th August, 1765. Same to same (John Mills and Mary to Israel Christian), £50, 150 acres on waters of James River, Adam Looney's line.
- Page 240.--10th March, 1767. David Miller and Hannah to Israel Christian, merchant, £16, 120 acres on a branch of Buffalo, a branch of Roan Oak, Baptist McNabb's line Edward McDonald's line. Teste: Francis Smith, Wm. Christian, Wm. Preston, Robert Breckenridge, Ben. Hawkins, Wm. Fleming, Edward Carvin, Stephen Trigg, Nathan ( ) Gillilan, Wm. Christian. Delivered: Israel Christian, 9th February, 1773.
- Page 243.--10th March, 1767. Same (David Miller and Hannah) to Israel Christian, £50, 141 acres on Glade Creek of Roanoke; corner John Bowing's land.
- Page 84 - Israel Christian, 447 acres, Roanoke River. Adjoining William Cowan, Patterson, William Grohonis, Rosanna Christian, Hugh Mills. August 7, 1767. [Abstract of Land Grant Surveys, 1761-1791, Augusta & Rockingham Counties, Virginia, by Peter Cline Kaylor, pg. 31].
- Page 68.--19th February, 1768. Andrew Miller, heir-at-law of John Miller, deceased, to Israel Christian, £100, 81 acres on a South Branch of Catawba Creek; corner survey of Samuel McRoberts, crossing the Mill dam. Teste: John Bowman, Daniel McNutt, Wm. Simpson. Release only; (lease follows the above.)
- Page 75.--20th January, 1769. Henry ( ) Ferguson to Israel Christian, £50, 109 acres on a branch of Glade Creek of Roanoke whereon Henry now lives, near John Boreland's. Teste: Bryan McDonald, James McCorkle, Edward Carvin, Daniel McNeill, Thos. Madison, Arthur Campbell, William Christian.
- Page 80.--28th January, 1769. John Thompson and Susanna (mark) to Israel Christian, £125, two tracts containing 392 acres on Glade Creek, a branch of Roanoke--A, containing 213 acres, corner land formerly John Mills'; B, containing 179 acres, corner John Boon's land. Teste: James Allen, Thomas McShery, George Inglebird. (The name is written Thos McElhenny on lease, but McShery on release). Delivered.
- Record appearing after above transaction: Page 83.--Commission for privy examination of Susanna to above, executed 11th September, 1769.
- Page 351.--25th March, 1769. Same (William Simpson) to Archibald Graham, power of attorney to convey to Israel Christian a tract formerly sold by Graham to Simpson in Pittsylvania County.
Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 177.--(undated, prob. Nov, 1751) Israel Christian and Eliabeth, to John Ramsey, 323 acres. In Beverley Manor; corner Robert Finley, formerly said to be; Geo. Robinsons corner; line of Beverley Manor. Delivered: William Ramsey, 5th October, 1772. Teste: Robt. Davis, James McCorkall, John Crockett.
- Page 20.--23d August, 1762. Israel Christian and Felix Gilbert to John Stewart. Part of the 25 acres conveyed by Beverley to the County, and now conveyed under the order of the County Court, 20th November, 1760. £4, lot No. 17, fronting lot 16, belonging to Col. Christian, and joining a lot belonging to James Hughes. Teste: Ann Christian, Thos. Bames, Priscilla Christian. Livery and seizin. Delivered: Michael Bowyer, March, 1774.
- Page 424.--24th September, 1763. Israel Christian and Elisabeth ( ) to William Fleming, gent, £100, 300 acres, Beverley's Mill Place, crossing the Meadow Branch, part of Beverley Manor granted to James Miller, 28th May, 1751, and by Miller to Israel Christian, 26th March, 1754.
- Page 426.--24th September, 1763. Israel Christian, of Staunton, and Elisabeth to Wm. Fleming, gent., of same place, £50, 48 poles in lot 11, part of 25 acres conveyed by Beverley to the county, conveyed by Francis Beaty to Israel Christian, 20th March, 1754. Livery of seisin.
- Page 483.--30th September, 1763. Israel Christian, merchant, to Thomas Watterson, farmer, £155, 300 acres on a branch of Naked Creek, James Wood's line. Teste: John Stuart, James McRoy, Thomas Doran.
- Page 847.--33d January, 1765. Israel Christian to his son William Christian, £200, two tracts on James River: A, 400 acres at Locust Bottom, point of an island; B, 54 acres joining above, both patented to Israel, 7th June, 1764. Teste: Thomas Bames.
- Page 505.--22d August, 1767. Israel Christian and Elisabeth to William Bowyer, £150, one-half of lot No. 3, in Staunton, whereon William now lives and keeps store, purchased by Israel from John Stewart, he from Joseph Mais, and he from John Madison, Jno. Brown and Jno. Lewis, and they from James Brown, who purchased from Beverley; also one-half undivided moiety of 50 acres adjoining said town, now held by Israel Christian, Andrew Lewis, Wm. Preston and Thomas Lewis.
- Page 93.--15th September, 1767. Israel Christian, to his daughter Rosanna Christian, £200, 148 acres, hill near the Buffalo Creek. Teste: Jno Mills. Delivered: Rosanna Christian, February, 1773.
- Page 243.--20th November, 1768. Israel Christian to his daughter Anne, wife of Cap. Wm. Fleming, natural love. &c., and marriage portion. For her natural life, a place whereon William now lives, called Bell Mount, upwards of 500 acres, at the Fording of Tinker's Creek, formerly property of John Robinson and adjoining lines with said Robinson; after her death to go to Leonard Israel Fleming, eldest son of Ann. In default of issue, to revert to grantor, in case of death of Leonard before Ann, she may designate beneficiary by will.
- Page 355.--24th January, 1769. Israel Christian to his son William Christian, £1,000, five tracts, 1095 acres, on Buffalo Creek, a branch of Roanoak, commonly called the Stone House Lands, A 300 acres whereon Locust in Little Hell; B containing 117 acres; C 200 acres, corner William Graham; D, 400 acres, Mill's Mountain; E, 78 acres on Dry Run; also two surveys adjoining said Stone House Lands, Tinker Mountain. Rosanna Christian's land, Creely's Gap.
- Page 33.--11th August, 1769. Israel Christian and Elizabeth to Edward Carvin, £110, 200 acres on John's Creek bought by Israel from Upshur. Teste: James Crawford, Uriah Humphries, James McCorkle. Delivered: Pat. Lockhart, 31st July, 1781.
- Page 97.--18th November, 1773. Israel Christian, of Botetourt County, to John Hays. Delivered: James Hays, 26th November, 1799.
Will of Israel Christian
- In the Name of God, Amen. I Israel Christian being low in Health but of sound Mind and Memory, do make this my last Will and Testament.
- I will and bequeath to my beloved Wife Elizabeth, four Negroes, to wit Isaac, Dorson, Bill and Hale; to her and her Heirs for Ever. I also give and bequeath to my said Wife all my Stock of Horses, Cattle, Sheep, Hogs also all my Clothes, Books, Household & Kitchen Furniture of all Kinds as well as Plantation Utensils, to her & her Heirs for ever. I also give and bequeath to my said Wife one hundred pounds Annually during her natural Life, to be raised out of the value of my Lands.
- I direct that all my Lands, already surveyed, and patented, or that is yet to survey, may be patented or granted to my Son William Christian, in as ample manner as they could be made to myself while living.
- I direct and empower my said Son to sell whatever Part of my Lands patented or un patented which he may think proper to sell for the purposes of paying the Debts I owe, and of giving the Annuity of one hundred pounds annually which I have directed to be paid to my Wife during Life, and to make sufficient conveyances I direct that my Son shall convey, do, or settle upon my Daughter Rosanna (if to be spared at my Wife's Death) one thousand acres of the Lands on the north side of kentucky, located by Col. Boone for me to be settled upon her independant of her present of future Husband, and to be wholly her own, and at her own Disposal.
- I will and direct that my Son shall convey to my Grand Son John Henry Christian one thousand Acres of my Hole linn Land at my Wife's Death;
- I also direct that my son shall convey to Sarah Winston Christian five hundred Acres of the Hole linn Land, being the remainder of the Survey, and also five hundred Acres Surveyed on Knobb Creek, at my Wife's Death.
- When my Son obtains Titles for my Lands entered upon the waters of Sandy river, or a sufficiency therof for the purpose, I direct that he may convey to my Grand Daughters Priscilla & Mary, Daughters of my deceased daughter Elizabeth; to my Grand Children Stephen Trigg, Fleming Trigg & Polley Trigg each one thousand Acres and in case the said five thousand Acres is not obtained upon the waters of Sandy river, or turn out bad in my Son's opinion, he is at liberty & authorized to give the said five Legatees, such a part of about four thousand Acres of land located by Col Boone for me; as my said Son may think fit to give them at my Wife's death, in case he has then saved the said Boones locations or any part of them. But my Daughter Rosanna's thousand as above stipulated is first to be given.
- And should there be still Lands left at my Wife's death,besides providing for the purposes and appropriations already mentioned it is to belong equally to my Son Wm Christian and my Daughter Anne, the wife of William Fleming; and her half to be conveyed to her by my Son in such manner as to be her own property & at her own disposal independant of the present or any future Husband. And to prevent Disputes in fixing upon her Share, my Son shall choose two Men who shall determine which Tracts (if any Lands are left) he is to settle upon his said Sister.
- And for the full & complete settling this my last Will & Testament I appoint my Wife Elizabeth my Executrix, and my Son William Christian my Executor, or whichever of them may choose to Act. ------
- Signed this Twelfth day of July 1784.
- (Signed) Is. Christian
- Signed, sealed & acknowledged before us:
- Robert Currin, Priscilla Christian, James W. Carlile, Francis Preston.
- Montgomery County, November court, 1784
- The last will and testament of Israel Christian dated, proved, by the oath of James McCorkle and Robert Cummin and on the motion of William Christian, the Executor, therein named administration is granted him who with his security Thomas Madison, Esq. entered into and acknowledged their bonds according to Law.
- Teste: James McCorkle, MC
Records of Israel Christian in Augusta County, VA
- Page 413.--27th February, 1749. William Beverley to David Campbell, 110 acres in Beverley Manor. Teste: James Alexander, Israel Christian. William Gay.
- Page 602.--1st March, 1749. Samuel Hughes to William Caldwell, 440 acres in Beverley Manor. Corner to survey made for Pearson and Anderson and another survey for William Russell. Corner William Palmer; corner John Hutchison; the poison (Prison) field. Teste: Robert Cunningham, W. Christian, Israel Christian.
- Page 713.--__ ____, 1750. John Finley. Gent., to Robert Finley, Gent., 297 acres. In Beverley Manor on South River, corner Israel Christian; Charles Dolway's line; corner Wm. Finley; Manor line, near Robert's houses.
- Page 397.--2d August, 1753. James Hamilton and Jane to Robert Christian, 1753, 250 acres on North Branch James in Borden's tract; from Borden, 1751, by a warm spring. Hays Creek. Teste: Alexander McNutt, David Moore. Delivered to Israel Christian, 1757.
- Page 443.--16th August, 1753. Same to Wm. Christian. Lot 8 in Staunton, conveyed to Thomas as above. Delivered: Israel Christian, 17th February, 1757. Livery by key of the house.
- Page 198.--25th March, 1754. Israel Christian and Patrick Clinch, breeches maker. Indenture of apprenticeship 3 years and 6 months
- Page 495.--14th February, 1761. John ( ) McFall, of Bedford, to David Miller, £25, 141 acres on Glade Creek, branch of Roanoke; cor. John Bowin's land. Teste: John Smith, John Miller, John Thomson, David Luney, Francis Liber. Delivered: Israel Christian, January, 1767.
- Page 529.--14th August, 1761. Thomas Walker, of Albemarle, to James Patton's executors, £100, releases all interest in 4500 acres on waters of New River known by name of Birk's Garden, patented to James Patton. Teste: Israel Christian, John Mills, John Miller.
- Page 25.--26th February, 1762. Francis Tyler to Israel Christian, £40, a negro slave Hanna. Teste: W. Christian, Charles Donelly.
- Page 748.--22d August, 1764. John Mills to John Thompson, £__, 213 acres on Glade Creek of Roanoke; corner said Jno. Mills' land. Delivered: Israel Christian, November, 1768.
- Page 829.--10th March, 1765. Justices of Augusa County, by Israel Christian and Felix Gilbert, to William Fleming, gent., order of 24th November, 1760, £5, lot 16 fronting a lot belonging to John Stewart and joining a lot whereon the said William now dwells. Livery of seisin by handful of earth. Delivered: Wm. Fleming, May Court, 1765.
- Page 210.--23d August, 1765. Joshua ( ) McCormack to Israel Christian £__, 1 bay horse. Teste: Samuel Robinson, Wm. Christian, Andrew Johnston.
- Page 307.--3d September, 1765. William Graham and Priscilla to Philip Watkins, £65, 160 acres on Lee's Creek, a branch of Catawba. Teste: Wm. Davis, Francis Smith, Robt. Breckinridge, Is. Christian. Delivered: Martin McFerrin per receipt 3d September, 1799.
- Page 400.--15th October, 1765. John Finley acknowledges receipt from his father James Finley, one bond of John Frows; one account of Cap. Israel Christian, which John takes as his full part of his uncle Robert Finley's estate. Delivered: James Finley, May, 1766.
- Page 787.--2d March, 1766. Same (William Graham and Priscilla) to Joseph Robinson, £100, 236 acres, part of 600 acres conveyed to William by Jno. Mills, 3d August, 1753, on Buffalo Creek; corner Israel Christian, formerly Daniel McCormick's, Delivered: Cap. Thos. Madison, 22d October, 1770.
- Page 431.--6th August, 1767. William Graham to his son Francis Graham, £100, 364 acres on Buffelo Creek of Rone Oak and in a fork of same adjoining Israel Christian, William Carvin and Joseph Robinson, part of 845 acres patented to James Patton. 3d November, 1750, oak in the Barrens; corner said Israel Christian, formerly Joshua McCormick's; oak on Carvin's Creek, fork of Buffelo Creek; corner 236 acres deeded to Joseph Robinson. Teste: Donald Campbell.
- Page 493.--13th August, 1767. Joshua McCormick ( ) to Israel Christian, £25, horses and cattle. Teste: Wm. Christian, Wm. Fleming, Daniel McNeal, John Smith.
- Page 464.--18th August, 1767. William Fleming and Anne (Anna) to Robert Reed, tavernkeeper, of Staunton, £200, two tracts, A containing 300 acres purchased by William of Israel Christian, 24th September, 1763, Beverley's Mill Place line; also B containing 440 acres purchased by William of Robert Beverley, 23d May, 1765, Israel Christian's line, corner David Stuart and John Miller; corner John Henderson. Delivered to Mrs. Reid, 5th June, 1781.
- Page 312.--19th March, 1768. Is. Christian to his son, Wm. Christian, £__, natural love and affection and 5 shillings, and in consideration of his marriage with his wife Annie, seven negro slaves. Teste: William Bowyer, P. Henry, Jr., William Christian, Elisabeth Bowyer.
- Page 351.--24th March, 1769. William Simpson to Israel Christian, £40, beds, furniture, horses, plows, dishes, basons, plates, chests, trunks, &c.
- Vol. 1 - MAY, 1768 (A). - Christian vs. Mann.--This, my note, shall oblige me to pay unto Mr. William Mann, at the rate of fifty pounds a year, for whatever time he shall be by me employed to assist in Indian trade, hunting, or whatever service he shall be by me directed to perform. Given under my hand, at Staunton, the 19th day of February, 1762. (Signed) Israel Christian. Test, W. Christian. I do promise that if I keep any hands employed in the above service the whole year, William Mann shall be preferred and kept as long as any other in said service, he complying as well as he can with my directions. (Signed) Israel Christian. February 19, 1762.
- Page 99.--21st November, 1772. Wm. Bowyer, merchant in Staunton, o Alex. Sinclair, merchant in Staunton, £700, tenement in Staunton whereon William now lives, which William bought of Israel Christian, and all buildings which William has erected thereon.
- Page 36.--1st May, 1790. John Ramsey, of District of Kentucky, to Andrew Steel and Andrew Ramsey, all his interest in estate of Daniel Ramsey, deceased, as heir-at-law to James Ramsey, and also devisee of Daniel Ramsey, deceased, viz., 323 acres willed to Daniel by John Ramsey, deceased, and conveyed to said John by Israel Christian, on South Branch of Shanandoah; 2 surveys to John Ramsey, deceased. Teste: Benjamin Stuart, James and John Ramsey.
Information/Biography of Israel Christian
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
Israel Christian (c. 1720–1784) was an 18th century American pioneer, militia officer, politician and businessman. One of the earliest landowners in Kentucky, he founded the town of Fincastle, Kentucky. Christiansburg, Virginia, the county seat of Montgomery County, was also named in his honor. He was also a representative of Augusta County in the House of Burgesses from 1759 to 1761.
Four of his daughters became married to William Fleming, William Bowyer and Stephen Trigg, all colonels in the Kentucky Militia, as well as Presbyterian minister Caleb Wallace. Three counties in Kentucky were named in honor of his son William Christian, and two of his sons-in-law, Fleming and Trigg.
From "The Backcountry Towns of Colonial Virginia", by Christopher E. Hendricks:
- Like Winchester, Staunton depended upon an overland trade to transport its goods, because as Johann David Schoepf noted: "Staunton has no navigatable stream near it". County officials diligently worked to have roadways cleared, sometimes enlisting the aid of the colonial legislature. With the developoment of a road network to the county seat, inns and taverns prospered, and stores quickly followed. Felix Gilbert established a store in town by 1748, and soon faced competition from Israel Christian. Alexander Wright, a merchant operating in Fredericksburg, purchased lots in Staunton and opened operations there, signalling interest in the new town from Tidewater interests.
- Israel Christian, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
- ↑ A021739, in Daughters of the American Revolution. Genealogical Research System.
- Tyler, Lyon Gardiner. Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography. (New York, New York: Lewis Historical Pub. Co., c1915), pg. 209.
Christian, Israel, was a merchant who lived first at Staunton and afterward in that part of Augusta now Botetourt county; burgess for Augusta county in the assemblies of 1758-1761 and 1761-1765. He was the founder of the towns of Fincastle and Christiansburg. He was father of Colonel William Christian (q. v.).