b.ABT 1598 Duxbury, Lancashire, England
d.bef 15 JUL 1673 Falmouth, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States
m. ABT 1624
Facts and Events
A person taking the YDNA-67 test at FTDNA has traced their male line ancestry to Henry Rowley. His YDNA-signature closely matches the Pequea Creek Cowan YDNA Group, indicating that he may share a relatively recent common ancestor with the Cowans of the Pequea Creek line.
There appears to be ample documentation underlying the notes given below for Henry Rowley of Plymouth Colony after his appearance there about 1632. That documentation, however, has not yet been thoroughly link to this article. Additional work is needed to document what we know of Henry. Documentation for him prior to 1632 does not seem to be readily available. The statement that he was one of the original Speedwell passengers needs to be substantiated, and may be questionable. There is also a conflict between alternative views of his place of birth, with some pointing to Duxbury township in Lancashire County, while others point to Benington, in Hereford County. Supporting documentation for his actual POB is needed.
Henry Rowley and Thomas Blossom emigrated in the Speedwell but it seemed unseaworthy. So it turned back leaving the Mayflower to proceed alone.
First found when taxed 9s. in the Plymouth Court Records on 24 Mar 1633, indicating he arrived at Plymouth in 1632. He was taxed 18s. the following year. By the following September (1634), when Rev. John Lathrop arrived in Scituate, Goodman Rowley already had a house. Henry became one of the first members of Lathrop’s church (on 8 Jan 1634/5 - the week after he was admitted as a freeman) and was known as “deacon.” On 1 January 1637/8 Henry Rowley was one of the freemen of Scituate who complained that their proportions of land were too small to subsist upon and with the others received upland, neck, and meadow between the North & South Rivers 
Henry and his wife Anne later accompanied Latrop to Barnstable in 1640. He was twice Barnstable constable in 1641, Deputy for Barnstable to General Court, 29 August 1643, surveyor of highways in 1646, 1647 and 1653. He appears in the Barnstable section of 1643 Plymouth list of men able to bear arms.
Henry eventually moved to West Barnstable with his step-son Peter Blossom and later to Falmouth. He last appears on a list of freeman on 28 May 1670, in the Barnstable section. The inventory of estate of "henery Rowley of Sacconesset" exhibited in Court, July 1673. Included in the estate was a debt of £29 to Jonathan Hatch, his son-in-law, for land sold to Henry. 
Henry was probably the son or grandson of Henricus Rowley of Bennington (1545-1605). This family had several members named Moyses (Moses), which was the name of Henry’s oldest son.