Person:Hastings Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford (1)

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Hastings Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford
b.21 Dec 1888
d.9 Oct 1953
  1. Hastings Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford1888 - 1953
  • HHastings Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford1888 - 1953
  • W.  Louisa Crommelin Roberta Jowitt Whitwell (add)
  1. John Russell, 13th Duke of Bedford1917 - 2002
Facts and Events
Name Hastings Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford
Gender Male
Birth[1] 21 Dec 1888
Death[1] 9 Oct 1953


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Hastings William Sackville Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford (21 December 1888 – 9 October 1953), nicknamed Spinach Tavistock, was the son of Herbrand Russell, 11th Duke of Bedford.

Educated at Eton College, he graduated from Balliol College, Oxford with a Master of Arts (M.A.). In November 1914 he married Louisa Crommelin Roberta Jowitt Whitwell; the couple had three children:

A keen naturalist, he arranged a 1906 expedition to Shaanxi, China to collect zoological specimens for the British Museum, during which Arthur de Carle Sowerby discovered a new species of jerboa.

He gained the rank of Lieutenant in the 10th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment, but never fought in the First World War owing to ill health. His subsequent advocacy of pacifism during the 1930s, and his attempt to mediate a truce in the Second World War by visiting the German legation in Dublin, led to his name being placed on a list of persons to be arrested in the event of a German invasion [1]. He went on to be patron of the British People's Party based in Covent Garden, an anti-war party that was accused of having fascist sympathies. Despite this, he contributed articles on Social Credit and pacifism to Guy Aldred's journal, The Word, between 1940 and his death. He was also an ornithologist, specialising in parrots and budgerigars, to whom he would feed chocolates, although his eldest son was often reduced to eating them; his other pets included a spider to whom, according to Nancy Mitford's The English Aristocracy, he would regularly feed roast beef and Yorkshire pudding. His cohort included John Beckett, a former Labour Member of Parliament whom other fascist groups complained siphoned away his monies, which could have been spent on more worthy causes.

While known as the Marquess of Tavistock, he wrote "Parrots and Parrot-like Birds". He was a founder member and first President of the Foreign Bird League. He was successful in breeding many species, including the Tahiti Blue Lorikeet and Ultramarine Lorikeet. Both of these are recognised as the world's first breedings in captivity. The Marquess disposed of his birds upon succeeding to the Dukedom in 1939.

He died in 1953, aged 64, as a result of a gunshot wound in the grounds of his Endsleigh estate in Devon. The coroner recorded his death as accidentally inflicted, but his elder son suggested it may have been deliberately self-inflicted,.

Hastings Russell features largely in his son John Ian's memoir, A Silver-Plated Spoon (World Books, 1959). He is described as "The loneliest man I ever knew, incapable of giving or receiving love, utterly self-centred and opinionated. He loved birds, animals, peace, monetary reform, the park and religion." In conjunction with his father, Hastings Russell managed to tie up the family fortunes in a way that made it extremely difficult for his son and heir to access the property.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Hastings Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Hastings Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).