Person:Gilbert de Clare (8)

Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, 8th Earl of Gloucester
  • HGilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, 8th Earl of Gloucester
  • WMaud de Burgh
  1. John de Clare
Facts and Events
Name Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, 8th Earl of Gloucester
Gender Male
Birth[1][2] abt 10 May 1291 Winchcomb, Gloucester, England
Burial? bef 20 Nov 1314 Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England
Death[2] 24 Jun 1314 Bannockburn, Stirling, Scotland


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Gloucester and 7th Earl of Hertford (c. 10 May 1291 – 24 June 1314) was an English nobleman and a military commander in the Scottish Wars. In contrast to most English earls at the time, his main focus lay in the pursuit of war rather than in domestic political strife. He was the son of Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester, and Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward I. The older Gilbert died when his son was only four years old, and the younger Gilbert was invested with his earldoms at the young age of sixteen. Almost immediately, he became involved in the defence of the northern border, but later he was drawn into the struggles between Edward II and some of his barons. He was one of the Lords Ordainers who ordered the expulsion of the king's favourite Piers Gaveston in 1311. When Gaveston was killed on his return in 1312, Gloucester helped negotiate a settlement between the perpetrators and the king.

Now one of Edward's strongest supporters, he accompanied the king on a campaign to Scotland in 1314, when several other nobles refused. He was killed at the Battle of Bannockburn on 24 June, under somewhat unclear circumstances. Gloucester was the most prominent of the casualties of the battle, which ended in a humiliating defeat for England. As he had no issue, his death marked the end of the prominent de Clare family. His estates were divided between his three sisters, one of whom was married to the king's new favourite, Hugh Despenser the Younger. Despenser's ruthless expansion of the de Clare lordship of Glamorgan in Wales led directly to the troubles of Edward II's later reign, including a rebellion in the Welsh Marches, the defeat of the Earl of Lancaster at the Battle of Boroughbridge, and eventually the deposition of the king by Roger Mortimer and Queen Isabella in 1326.


Peerage of England
Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford

1230-1262
his grandfather

Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford

1262-1295
his father

7th Earl of Hertford

1295-1314

Ralph de Monthermer, 1st Baron Monthermer

1297-1307
his step-father

Titles Extinct

Gilbert (7th) died childless and lands passed to sisters
'

8th Earl of Gloucester
1295-1314
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Gloucester, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3.   GILBERT de Clare (Winchecombe 4 May 1291-killed in battle Bannockburn 24 Jun 1314, bur Tewkesbury)., in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  4.   Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), Volume 3 page 244.