Person:George IV of the United Kingdom (1)

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George IV of the United Kingdom
Facts and Events
Name[1] George IV of the United Kingdom
Unknown[1] George Augustus Frederick
Alt Name[3] George the Fourth
Gender Male
Birth[1] 12 August 1762 St. James's Palace, London, Englandfirst of 15 children
Marriage  Cohabitation without marriage formalities?  
to Mary Robinson
Death[2] 26 June 1830 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

George IV (George Augustus Frederick; 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and king of Hanover following the death of his father, George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later. From 1811 until his accession, he served as Prince Regent during his father's final mental illness.

George IV led an extravagant lifestyle that contributed to the fashions of the Regency era. He was a patron of new forms of leisure, style and taste. He commissioned John Nash to build the Royal Pavilion in Brighton and remodel Buckingham Palace, and Sir Jeffry Wyattville to rebuild Windsor Castle. He was instrumental in the foundation of the National Gallery and King's College London.

He had a poor relationship with both his father and his wife, Caroline of Brunswick, whom he even forbade to attend his coronation. He introduced the unpopular Pains and Penalties Bill in a desperate, unsuccessful, attempt to divorce his wife.

For most of George's regency and reign, Lord Liverpool controlled the government as Prime Minister. George's governments, with little help from the King, presided over victory in the Napoleonic Wars, negotiated the peace settlement, and attempted to deal with the social and economic malaise that followed. He had to accept George Canning as foreign minister and later prime minister, and drop his opposition to Catholic emancipation.

His charm and culture earned him the title "the first gentleman of England", but his bad relations with his father and wife, and his dissolute way of life, earned him the contempt of the people and dimmed the prestige of the monarchy. Taxpayers were angry at his wasteful spending in time of war. He did not provide national leadership in time of crisis, nor act as a role model for his people. His ministers found his behaviour selfish, unreliable and irresponsible. At all times he was much under the influence of favourites.

References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Black, Jeremy. The Hanoverians: The History of a Dynasty. (Continuum International Publishing Group, 2007), pg. 153, Secondary quality.
  2. Black, Jeremy. The Hanoverians: The History of a Dynasty. (Continuum International Publishing Group, 2007), pg. 908, Secondary quality.
  3. Ashton, John. When William IV was King. (London, London, England|London: Chapman & Hall, 1896), pg. 2, Secondary quality.
  4.   George IV of the United Kingdom, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  5.   Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), Volume 3 page 178.
Succession of Monarchs of the United Kingdom
George II

1727-1760
as King of Great Britain and Ireland
his great-grandfather

George III

1760-1820
(King of Great Britain and Ireland before 1801)
his father

King of the United Kingdom

1820-1830

William IV

1830-1837
his brother

Victoria

1837-1901
his niece

Congress of Vienna George III
1814-1820
King of Hanover
1820-1830
Ernest Augustus I
1837-1851
his brother



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