George Caldwell, of Christian's Creek, Augusta County, VA
Facts and Events
||George Caldwell, of Christian's Creek, Augusta County, VA
||Est. abt. 1730
||Irelandto Mary Unknown
George Caldwell was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Advisory on Caldwell family in Augusta County, VA
Some researchers believe that George, James and Robert Caldwell (possible siblings) that migrated to early Augusta County from Ireland (per records of importation) MAY be related to the Caldwell's in Cub Creek, Virginia. Additional research is necessary to prove any relationship with those other Caldwell families.
Importation to Orange County, VA
The following persons appeared in Orange County, Virginia court in July 1740 to claim their "headrights" (Headrights were grants of 50 acres of land per "head" - or per white male over the age of 16 who transported himself to the colonies. They appear in the Court of Common Pleas in the county in which the land was granted):
- George Caldwell, Mary his wife, Wm, Mary, Jno, Jane, David & Agnes Caldwell (from Ire)
Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA
Acquisition of Land from Orange County, Virginia Records:
- Pages 151-54. 23-24 July 1740. Wm. Beverley, Esqr., of Essex County to George Caldwell of Orange County. Lease and release; for ₤12.1. - current money. 405 acres... branch of Christie's Creek... W. Beverley. Wit: Gibbons Jennings, John Lewis, Moses Thomson. 24 July 1740. Acknowledged by Wm. Beverley, Gent. [Relinquishment of dower as above, Beverley to Page]. [Orange County Virginia Deed Book 4, Dorman, pg. 44].
Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 793.—18th March, 1765. George Caldwell to William Caldwell, his son, £10, 130 acres, part of 405 acres in Beverley Manor on a branch of Christian's Creek, branch near said William Caldwell's house. Teste: Walter Davis, Alex. Stewart, Jas. Caldwell. Delivered: Mr. John Caldwell, 21st May, 1808.
Processioning List of 1748 & 1755
- "Processioning" was the process or periodically reviewing and agreeing upon property lines between settlers. Processioning Lists can be useful in determining the area of a settler and the neighboring settlers at a specific time period:
- Page 19.--Robert Christian and James Caldwell report, viz: 1747-8, 24th February, processioned for Arthur Hamilton; processioned for James Moody, present Robert Wilson; processioned for James Wilson; 26th February, processioned for Andrew Cowan, present Robert Wilson; processioned for James Caldwell, present John and William Caldwell; 27th February, processioned for James Armstrong, present John and William Caldwell; 28th February, processioned for James Armstrong, present Wm. Armstrong and John Davison; 1st March, processioned for Isaac McCully; processioned for Wm. Long, present John Long; 2d March, processioned for James Bell, present Gabriel Alexander; 3d March, processioned for James Alexander; processioned for Thomas Black, present Wm. Johnson; 4th March, processioned for Robert Cunningham; processioned for Wm. Henderson, present, Thomas Black; processioned for Geo. Rutlidge, present Wm. Henderson; 6th March, processioned for Geo. Caldwell, present Wm. Caldwell and Wm. Henderson; processioned for John, Robert, William Christian; 10th March, processioned for Thos. Stewart, present James and John Black. 8th March, 1747-8, Edward Hall's land not processioned, there being a dispute between the said Hall and Col. Patton, not at home.
- Page 139.--By order of Vestry, dated 27th November, 1755, subscribers have processioned all the patroned land within bounds of Cap. Wm. Christian's Company, by Wm. Henderson, Thomas Stuart, viz: For William Scott, present Robert Cunningham, Waltee Davis; for Walter Davis, present Wm. Scott, Robert Cunningham; for Rob. Cunningham; for Thos. Black, present Thos. Rutlidge, Jas. Armstrong; for Wm. Henderson, present Ro. Cunningham, Geo. Caldwell; for Geo. Rutlidge; for John McNutt, present Wm. Marshall; for Wm. Marshall, present Saml. Caldwell; for James Caldwell; for John Coalter; for Wm. Ledgerwood; for Andrew Cowan, present Wm. Carry; for Wm. Carry; for James Moody; for James Wilson; for Robert Wilson; for John Shields; for Thos. Brown; for Rob. Wilson; for Andrew Alexander; for Samuel Blackwood, present Thos. Blackwood; for Thos. Blackwood; for Wm. Karr; for Robert Christian, present; for John Christian; for Wm. Christian; for Jas. Armstrong; for Wm. Armstrong; for James Frame; for Thomas Shields; for Jacob Van Lear; for James Bell; for Gabriel Alexander; for John Black; for Anthony Black; for Wm. Wright; for Jos. Tees (deceased), no one to show lines; for Wm. Long, present Alex. and John Long; for Wm. Long; for John Glass (deceased), no one to show lines; for Samuel Lusk, has no deed; for Samuel McCoule, has no deed; for John Hunter, has no deed; for James Patton (deceased), no one to show lines; for Thomas Stuart; for Edward Hall; for Alex. Thomson.
Records in Augusta County, VA
From Chalkley's Augusta County Records:
- Vol. 1 - Page 20 - August 20, 1746 - Page (73) William Thompson to be overseer from Court Ho. to Tinkling Spring, already viewed, with these tithables: John Lynn and his three sons, John Henderson, John Ramsey, John Preston, Wm. Palmer, David Stuart, James Coile, Joseph McClelbill, Alexr. Thompson, John Mitchell, John Butchison, Andrew Russell, Geo. Caldwell and his two sons.
- Page 444.--___ January, 1747. £15. William Thompson and wife Jean to the inhabitants of the Presbyterian congregation of Tinkling Spring, viz., James Patton, John Christian, John Finley, James Alexander, William Wright chose commissioners and trustees for the congregation, 110 acres called and known by the name of Tinkling Spring in Beverley Manor, and part of 944 acres (deed by Beverley to Thompson, 1744, in Orange) adjoining George Caldwell. Acknowledged, 19th November, 1747, by William.
- Vol. 1 - Page 31 - September 16, 1747 - Page (288) Road from the Cross Road below Hays on No. Side So. River to the ridge be cleared, and Thos. Stuart and Wm. Christian be overseers. George Caldwell and his son to be added to the tithables.
- Vol. 1 - SEPTEMBER 18, 1747. - (303) Road ordered from Tinkling Spring Meeting House to Col. Patton's Bridge, these to work it: James Patton's tithables, Robert Gibson's, Edward Hall's, Sam'l. Davies's, Wm. Thomson's, and Geo. Caldwell's tithables.
- Page 371.--29th May, 1751. William Thompson, Gent., and Jane, to Alexander Thompson, 337 acres in Beverley Manor, part of 947 acres from Wm. Beverley, 22d November, 1744; corner Wm. Palmer, John Thompson and Patrick McCollum, James Coyle's line; William Henderson's line; corner George Caldwell. Teste: John Smith.
- Page 215.--15th May, 1754. Beverley to Robert Gibson, 370 acres in Beverley Manor. Cor. George Caldwell; cor. Wm. Henderson.
- Page 70.--14th August, 1754. John Black's accounts drs. to Michael Bealey's estate: To Wm. Bishop, to Ezekiah Inman, Edward Hall, Joseph Love, George Caldwell. Estate of Michael Realey to John Black, administrator; 1 day's work to my son. John's mare at hay and grain in my stable. To entertaining 20 men and horses at sundry times. To attendance on his death bed 17 days. To light, wake and burying. To making a bier for carrying his body. To fine muslin stock. To washing and dressing his clothes. To paling his grave and 1 walnut coffin. To my son Anthony, 20 days hunting a colt. To owing at George Caldwell's. To viewing of work at David Cunningham's.
- Vol. 1 - Page 68 - October 25, 1755 - Page (490) Propositions and grievances: John Hunter for services, wagoning; James Alexander, for patrolling; Wm. Wilson, Wm. Cunningham, Domnick Barrel, Mathew Thompson, John Atkins, Saml. Black, patrolling; John Brown for victualling men patrolling under Cap. David Lewis; Wm. Thompson for patrolling and going on an express; George Caldwell, for patrolling; Robert Poage, for waggoning; Israel Christian, patrolling; Israel Christian, claim of David Moore for provisions provided Cap. David Lewis's Co. of Rangers which provisions were received by Christian.
- Page 101.--21st March, 1759. William Henderson and Susanna ( ) to James Henderson, £15, 430 acres, part of 1,415 acres whereon said William now lives, on a branch of Christian's Creek; line of Thos. Black; corner said Black and Robt. Cunningham; George Caldwell's line. Teste: James Mitchell, James Hutchinson. Delivered: James Henderson, November, 1768.
- Page 412.--21st August, 1760. Robert Gibson's appraisement, by Jno. Finley, Geo. Caldwell, Wm. Caldwell.
- Page 162.--29th November, 1760. Robert Gibson to William Caldwell, £30, 186 acres on a branch of Christian's Creek; cor. George Caldwell; cor. land belonging to the heir of Robert Gibson, deceased. Teste: Wm. Armstrong, Wm. Palmer, George Caldwell, George Caldwell. Delivered: Philip Dold by written order from David Caldwell, 20th May, 1803. (Note: the William Caldwell that acquired this tract adjoining George Caldwell, Sr. was apparently George's son, William Caldwell. George sold his son William part of George's original tract in 1765 "near William's house", which is most likely this acquisition).
- Vol. 1 - Page 103 - February 18, 1763 - Page (477) Andrew Russell, with two tithables, William Palmer, William Martin, Alexr. McDonald, Wm. Thompson, Alexr. Thompson, John Thompson, George Caldwell and his two sons, Wm. Henderson and John Wallace, to work the road from Christian's Creek to Rockfeil Gap.
- BOOK NO. 2. - ADDITIONAL MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. - Page 70.--14th August, 1754. John Black's accounts drs. to Michael Bealey's estate: To Wm. Bishop, to Ezekiah Inman, Edward Hall, Joseph Love, George Caldwell. Estate of Michael Realey to John Black, administrator; 1 day's work to my son. John's mare at hay and grain in my stable. To entertaining 20 men and horses at sundry times. To attendance on his death bed 17 days. To light, wake and burying. To making a bier for carrying his body. To fine muslin stock. To washing and dressing his clothes. To paling his grave and 1 walnut coffin. To my son Anthony, 20 days hunting a colt. To owing at George Caldwell's. To viewing of work at David Cunningham's.
- Page 503.--18th May, 1772. William Johnston's estate appraised by George Caldwell, Wm. Palmer, John Caldwell.
Children: William, Mary, Jane, David, Agness, George
Imported self, wife, Mary and five children on 24 July 1740. (Wilson, p. 424) Purchased 405 acres on Christian Creek same date; land later purchased by Tinkling Spring bordered his property. (Wilson, p. 418) Was among the group of subscribers who appointed John Finley and others Commissioners to purchase property for Tinkling Spring, 14 August 1741. (Wilson, p. 84) Was on muster list of Capt. John Christian in 1742 (Chalkley 2:508) On 18 September 1747, George and "tithables" appeared on a road order---probably William and David (Chalkley 1:32). On 18 Feburary 1763 , George and two sons appeared on road orders (Chalkley 1:103) He had court claims for service to militia in 1755 (Wilson, p. 145) On 21 August 1760, he appraised property of Robert Gibson along with William Caldwell and John Finley. On 18 March 1765, George gave (sold?) 130 acres of his property to his son, William. (Chalkley 3:419)