Person:García Sánchez III of Navarre (1)

García Sánchez III of Navarre
d.1 Sep 1054 Navarre, Spain
Facts and Events
Name García Sánchez III of Navarre
Alt Name Rei Garcia Navarre, III
Alt Name[3] García V "él de Nájera” , King of Navarre
Gender Male
Alt Birth[2] Nov bet abt 1005 and 1010
Birth[2] 1016 Navarre, Spain
Alt Birth? AFT 1020
Alt Marriage ABT. 1024 Of, Spainto Adelaide of Barcelona
Marriage BEF 1039 to Stephanie Foix
Alt Marriage 1038 to Stephanie Foix
Marriage 1038 to Adelaide of Barcelona
Death[2] 1 Sep 1054 Navarre, SpainBattle of Atapuerca


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

García Sánchez III, sometimes García III, IV, V, or VI (also García of Nájera, from , 1016–1054), was king of Navarre from 1035 to 1054. He was the eldest legitimate son and heir of Sancho the Great, born November 1016, and he succeeded his father to the crown of Navarre, becoming feudal overlord over two of his brothers: Ramiro, who was given lands that would serve as the basis for the kingdom of Aragón; and Gonzalo, who received the counties of Sobrarbe and Ribagorza. Likewise, he had some claim to suzerainty over his brother Ferdinand, who under their father had served as Count of Castile, nominally subject to the Kingdom of León but brought under the personal control of Sancho III.

In 1037, Ferdinand requested García's aid against his brother-in-law, Bermudo III of León, at the Battle of Tamarón near Pisuerga. The two brothers defeated Bermudo, who died in battle, the final king of the male line of Peter of Cantabria, and Ferdinand succeeded in León.

By aiding Ferdinand, García received his brother's favour and, in a repartition of Castile, he expanded Navarre to the Bay of Santander, incorporating the entire Basque Country.

Soon he was confronted by his brother Ramiro at Tafalla (1043) and defeated him, but this victory resulted in the effective independence of Ramiro.

García was one of the Christian kings to profit greatly from the weakened taifa kingdoms that arose through the disintegration of central control by the Caliphate of Córdoba. In 1045, he conquered Calahorra.

Relations eventually soured with Ferdinand and war broke out between the fraternal kingdoms, García dying in the Battle of Atapuerca, 15 September 1054.

His nickname comes from his foundation of the monastery of Santa María la Real of Najera.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at García Sánchez III of Navarre. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1.   Jiri Louda (tables), Michael Maclagan, CVO, Richmond Herald, (i)Lines of Succession - Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe(/i) (London: Li.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 García Sánchez III of Navarre, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  3. GARCÍA V "él de Nájera” King of Navarre, in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.