Person:Fitzhugh Lee (1)

     
Fitzhugh Lee
d.18 APR 1905 Washington, DC, USA
m. 1834
  1. Fitzhugh Lee1835 - 1905
  2. Sidney Smith Lee1837 - 1838-1927
  3. John Mason Lee1839 - 1856-1929
  4. Henry Carter Lee1842 - 1843-1932
  5. Daniel Murrey Lee1843 - 1844-1933
  6. Robert Carter Lee1848 - 1849-1938
m. 19 APR 1871
  1. John Henry Lee - 1927
  2. Ellen Lee1873 -
  3. Fitzhugh Lee1875 - 1954
  4. George Mason Lee1877 - 1934
  5. Anne Lee1880 - 1963
  6. Virginia Lee1881 -
Facts and Events
Name[1][2][3] Fitzhugh Lee
Gender Male
Birth[5][3][1] 19 NOV 1835 Clermont, Fairfax, Virginia, USA
Residence[2] 1860 Washington Ward 1, Washington, District of Columbia
Other[3] 27 SEP 1861 VirginiaMilitary
Marriage 19 APR 1871 Alexandria, Virginia, USAto Ellen Bernard Fowle
Alt Marriage 19 APR 1871 to Ellen Bernard Fowle
Alt Marriage 19 APR 1871 Alexandria, Virginiato Ellen Bernard Fowle
Alt Marriage 19 APR 1871 Alexandria, Virginia, USAto Ellen Bernard Fowle
Death[5] 18 APR 1905 Washington, DC, USA
Alt Death[3] 28 APR 1905 Washington, DC, USA
Burial[5] Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond (independent city), Virginia, United States

Biography

Major-General Fitzhugh Lee was born at Clermont, Fairfax county, Va., November 19, 1835. He is the son of Sydney Smith Lee, who was a brother of Robert E. Lee, and son of Gen. and Gov. Henry Lee.

Sydney Smith Lee had a distinguished naval career for over forty years, beginning as a midshipman when fourteen years of age. He commanded a vessel at Vera Cruz, was three years commandant at Annapolis, and for the same period in charge of the Philadelphia navy yard, commanded Commodore Perry's flagship in the Japan expedition, and when the first Japanese ambassadors came to America, he was associated with Farragut and D. D. Porter in a committee for their reception and entertainment.

He resigned his position as chief of the bureau of coast survey to join the Confederacy, and was on duty at Norfolk; in command of fortifications at Drewry's bluff; chief of the bureau of orders and detail, and in command of fortifications on the James during the siege of Richmond.

Fitzhugh Lee was graduated at the United States military academy in 1856, and after serving until January 1, 1858, in the cavalry school at Carlisle, Pa., as an instructor, he was assigned to frontier duty in Texas with his regiment, the Second cavalry.

He served at several Texas posts, and on May 13, 1859, in a fight with Comanche Indians was shot through the lungs with an arrow, and his life despaired of. In 1860 he was ordered to report to West Point as instructor of cavalry.

In 1861 he resigned his commission as first lieutenant, and tendered his services to his native State. He was commissioned first lieutenant, corps of cavalry, C. S. A.; promoted lieutenant-colonel, First Virginia cavalry (Stuart's regiment), August, 1861, and colonel, March, 1862.

His first service was rendered in staff duty, under General Beauregard at Manassas, and as adjutant-general of Ewell's brigade during the battle of First Manassas. In the spring of 1862, with his regiment, he aided in covering the retreat from Yorktown, and in the raid of the cavalry under Stuart, around McClellan's peninsular army, he was particularly distinguished in the capture of the camp of his old Federal regiment, and in the defense as rear guard while Stuart's other commands built a bridge over the Chickahominy, which he was the last man to cross.

He was recommended by Stuart for promotion to brigadier- general, which soon followed, and at the organization of the cavalry division, July 28th, he was put in command of the Second brigade, consisting of the First, Third, Fourth, Fifth and Ninth Virginia regiments and Breathed's battery.

He took an active part in the cavalry operations in August, connected with Jackson's advance northward, and in the capture of Manassas depot; participated in Stuart's advance into Maryland, screening the movements of the army, and after McClellan could no longer be held in check at South mountain, his brigade covered the retreat through Boonsboro, where there was a fierce and protracted fight.

He succeeded in delaying the enemy through the greater part of September 16th, and then joined the army before Sharpsburg.

In November his brigade was reorganized. He served on the Confederate left above Fredericksburg in December, took part in the raid on Dumfries and Fairfax Station, and in February, 1863, moved to Culpeper to guard the upper Rappahannock, giving battle to Averell at Kellysville, an action which Stuart reported as "one of the most brilliant achievements of the war," which he took "pride in witnessing."

At the field of Chancellorsville he led the advance of the flank movement, rode with Jackson to reconnoiter the position of Howard, and commanded the cavalry in the Sunday battle.

During Stuart's raid of June, 1863, he captured part of Custer's brigade at Hanover, and reached Gettysburg in time for a fierce hand-to-hand cavalry fight on July 3rd. During the retreat he rendered distinguished service.

He was now promoted major-general and in September took command of one of the two cavalry divisions, with which, when R. E. Lee decided to push Meade from his front on the Rapidan, he held the lines while the main army moved out on the enemy's flank.

He fought about Brandy Station and encountered Custer at Buckland Mills. After the contest with Grant in the Wilderness his division, thrown in front of the Federal advance toward Spottsylvania, engaged in one of its most severe conflicts.

The Confederate troopers were a terrible annoyance to the Federals, "swarming in the woods like angry bees," and Sheridan started on a raid to Richmond to draw them off. At the resulting battle of Yellow Tavern, where Stuart was fatally wounded, at Hawes' Shop and Cold Harbor, and at Trevilian's, he contested with Sheridan the honors of the field, and August, 1864, found him again opposed to that famous Federal officer in the Shenandoah valley.

Here he commanded the cavalry of Early's army. He fought the spirited battle of Cedarville, and at Winchester, September 19th, displayed great courage and energy in attempting to save the field. In the midst of a terrible artillery fire his famous horse "Nellie" was shot, and at the same time he received a wound in the thigh which disabled him for several months.

On recovering he made an expedition into northwestern Virginia in the following winter. Upon the promotion of Hampton to lieutenant-general, Lee became chief of the cavalry of the army of Northern Virginia, and commanded that corps at Five Forks.

After rendering invaluable service on the retreat, he was ordered to make an attack, on April 9th, at Appomattox, supported by Gordon, and in this movement, which met overwhelming opposition, his cavalry became separated from the main body. He participated in the final council of war, and after the surrender returned to Richmond with Gen. R. E. Lee.

He then retired to his home in Stafford county, and resided later near Alexandria. In 1874 he delivered an address at Bunker Hill which greatly aided the restoration of brotherly feeling. He was a conspicuous figure at the Yorktown centennial, and at the Washington centennial celebration at New York city, at the head of the Virginia troops, he received a magnificent ovation.

In 1885 he was nominated for governor by the Democratic party and made a memorable and successful campaign against John S. Wise. After serving as governor until 1890, he became president of the Pittsburg & Virginia railroad.

In 1896 he was sent to Cuba as consul-general at Havana, under the circumstances one of the most important positions in the diplomatic service. In this he represented the United States with such dignity and ability that he was retained in the place after the inauguration of President McKinley, through all the trying difficulties preceding the war with Spain.

After the outbreak of war he was made a major-general of volunteers in the United States army, and at the close of hostilities was appointed military governor of the province of Havana.

Source: Confederate Military History, vol. IV, p. 622

Military

Lee, Fitzhugh, born in Virginia, appointed from Virginia cadet United States Military Academy, July 1, 1852; graduated forty-fifth in a class of forty-nine.

Brevet second lieutenant, Second Cavalry, July 1, 1856.

Second lieutenant, January 1, 1858.

First lieutenant, March 31, 1861.

Resigned May 21, 1861.

Major general, United States Volunteers, May 6,1898.

Source: General Officers of the Confederate States of America

First lieutenant, Corps of Cavalry, C. S. A., March 16, 1861.

Lieutenant colonel, First Virginia Cavalry, August, 1861.

Colonel, First Virginia Cavalry, March, 1862.

Brigadier general, P. A. C. S., July 24, 1862.

Major general, P. A. C. S., August 3, 1863.

Commands.

  • Brigade, in August, 1862, composed of the First, Second,

Third, Fourth, Fifth and Ninth Virginia Regiments of Cavalry, and Breathed's Battery of Six-Gun Horse Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia.

  • Division, in August, 1863, composed of the cavalry

brigades of W. H. F. Lee, Lomax and Wickham, to January 31, 1864.

  • 1865. Assigned to the command of the Cavalry Corps, Army

of Northern Virginia, composed of the divisions of W. H. F. Lee, Rosser and Munford.

  • April 9, 1865, in command of Cavalry Corps, Army of

Northern Virginia, composed of Fitzhugh's Division. Brigades of Garry, Payne and Wickham.

  • W. H. F. Lee's Division, composed of Barringer's, Beal's

and Roberts' Brigades.

  • Lomax's Division, Jackson's Brigade.
  • Rosser's Division, Major General T. L. Rosser, Dearing's

and McCausland's Brigades.


Source Information: Historical Data Systems, comp.. American Civil War General Officers [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1999. Original data: Data compiled by Historical Data Systems of Kingston, MA from the following list of works. Copyright 1997-2000. Historical Data Systems, Inc. PO Box 35 Duxbury, MA 02331.

Governors of Virginia
Patrick Henry • Thomas Jefferson • William Fleming • Thomas Nelson • David Jameson • Benjamin Harrison V • Patrick Henry • Edmund Randolph • Beverly Randolph • Henry Lee • Robert Brooke • James Wood • Hardin Burnley • John Pendleton • James Monroe • John Page • William Cabell • John Tyler • George Smith • James Monroe • George Smith • Peyton Randolph • James Barbour • Wilson Nicholas • James Preston • Thomas Randolph • James Pleasants • John Tyler • William Giles • John Floyd • Littleton Tazewell • Wyndham Robertson • David Campbell • Thomas Gilmer • John Rutherfoord • John Gregory • James McDowell • William Smith • John Floyd • Joseph Johnson • Henry Wise • John Letcher • William Smith • Francis Pierpont • Henry Wells • Gilbert Walker • James Kemper • Frederick Holliday • William Cameron • Fitzhugh Lee • Philip McKinney • Charles O'Ferrall • James Tyler • Andrew Montague • Claude Swanson • William Mann • Henry Stuart • Westmoreland Davis • Elbert Trinkle • Harry Byrd • John Pollard • George Peery • James Price • Colgate Darden • William Tuck • John Battle • Thomas Stanley • James Almond • Albertis Harrison • Mills Godwin • A. Linwood Holton • Mills Godwin • John Dalton • Chuck Robb • Gerald Baliles • Douglas Wilder • George Allen • Jim Gilmore • Mark Warner • Tim Kaine • Bob McDonnell • Terry McAuliffe

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Historical Data Systems, comp. American Civil War Officers. (Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1999).

    Online publication - Historical Data Systems, comp.. American Civil War General Officers [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1999.Original data - Data compiled by Historical Data Systems of Kingston, MA from the <a href="/handler/domainrd.ashx?domain=AncestryDomain&url=/search/rectype/military/cwrd/db.htm">following list of works</a>. Copyright 1997-2000. Historical Data Systems, Inc. PO Box 35 Duxbury, MA 02331.

  2. 2.0 2.1 United States. Census Office. 8th census, 1860. 1860 U.S. Census Population Schedule. (Washington [District of Columbia]).

    Washington Ward 1, Washington, District of Columbia, post office Washington, roll M653_102, page 393, image 186.

  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Historical Data Systems, comp. Military Records of Individual Civil War Soldiers. (Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1999).

    Online publication - Historical Data Systems, comp.. American Civil War Soldiers [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1999.Original data - Data compiled by Historical Data Systems of Kingston, MA form the <a href="a href="/handler/domainrd.ashx?domain=AncestryDomain&url=/search/rectype/military/cwrd/db.htm">following list of works</a>. Copyright 1997-2000 Historical Data Systems, Inc. PO Box 35 Duxbury.

  4.   Ancestry.com - OneWorldTree.

    Online publication - Ancestry.com. OneWorldTree [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc.

  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Fitzhugh Lee, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).

    the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

    Fitzhugh Lee (November 19, 1835 – April 28, 1905) was a Confederate cavalry general in the American Civil War, the 40th Governor of Virginia, diplomat, and United States Army general in the Spanish-American War. He was the son of Sydney Smith Lee, a captain in the Confederate States Navy, and the nephew of General Robert E. Lee.