Appointed ensign, U.S. Army, Feb 1793. Promoted to captain, Oct 1799. Resigned his commission, 1802, and became a planter and operated a store. Appointed brig. gen. of militia, Mississippi Territory, Feb 1811, and saw action in the Creek Wars. Commanded a regiment in the War of 1812. Brig. Gen. of Mississippi Volunteers, 1813. Member of the Territorial Legislature (several times Speaker of the House) and the Legislative Council, Mississippi Territory, 1815.