Æthelred II "the Unready" , de Wessex
- Æthelred II "the Unready" , de Wessex
Facts and Events
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Æthelred the Unready, or Æthelred II (c. 968 – 23 April 1016), was King of the English (978–1013 and 1014–1016). He was the son of King Edgar and Queen Ælfthryth and was only about ten years old (no more than thirteen) when his half-brother Edward was murdered. Æthelred was not personally suspected of participation, but as the murder was committed at Corfe Castle by the attendants of Ælfthryth, it made it more difficult for the new king to rally the nation against the military raids by Danes, especially as the legend of St Edward the Martyr grew.
From 991 onwards, Æthelred paid tribute, or Danegeld, to the Danish king. In 1002, Æthelred ordered a massacre of Danish settlers. In 1003, King Sweyn invaded England, and in 1013, Æthelred fled to Normandy and was replaced by Sweyn, who was also King of Denmark. Æthelred returned as king, however, after Sweyn died in 1014.
"Unready" is a mistranslation of Old English unræd (meaning bad-counsel)—a twist on his name "Æthelred", meaning noble-counsel. A better translation would be ill-advised.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Ethelred the Unready, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
- Burke's Peerage, Eng. P 99 ed, p. 251.
- Searle, William George. Anglo-Saxon bishops, kings and nobles, the succession of the bishops and the pedigrees of the kings and nobles. (Cambridge: University Press in Cambridge, 1899), p. 347, pp. 350-351.
- Keiser und Loenig Hist., Gen. Hist. 25, pt 1, p. 96-97.
- Lewis Topogr. Dict., v. 4, p. 508.
- The Royal Line of Succession, A16A225, p. 7.
- Stephen, Leslie, ed, and Sidney, ed Lee. Dictionary of National Biography. (London: Smith, Elder, 1885-1900), 18:27-33.
- George's Tab., Eng. 102, Tab. 1.
- Hist. of the Anglo-Saxons, Eng. 36, v. 2, p. 260-86, 305, 320.
- Plantagenet Ancestry, Eng. 116, p. 21.
- Anderson's Royal Gen., Eng. 132, p. 740.
- Betham's Gen. Tab., Eng. 133, Tab. 601, 602.
- Espolin (GS #12462, pt 1, p. 102).
- Ethelred the Unready, in Find A Grave.
- Æthelred II 'the Unready', King of England, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
- ÆTHELRED, son of EDGAR "the Peaceable" King of England & his second wife Ælfthryth of Devon (-London 23 Apr 1016, bur Old St Paul's Cathedral)., in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 17.2 Æthelred II "the Unready", in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
- ↑ William of Malmesbury; Rev. J. (trans.) Sharpe; and J.A. (ed.) Giles. Chronicle of the Kings of England. (London: H.G. Bohn), p. 166.
William of Malmesbury states that he was ten years old when his brother was killed.
- ↑ Earle, John (ed.), and Charles (ed.) Plummer. Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1892), p. 148.
MS (E) s.a. 1016: ""Ða gelamp hit þet se cyng Æðelred forðferde ær ða scipu comon. he geendode his dagas on scs: Georius mæsse dæge æfter mycclum geswince. & earfoðnissum his lifes."
- ↑ Thorpe, Benjamin. Florentii Wigorniensis. (London: Sumptibus Societatis, 1848), pp. 172.
"Eo tempore rex Anglorum Ægelredus XIV. indictione, nono kal. Maii [23 Apr.], feria II., Lundoniæ defunctus est..."
- ↑ Thorpe, Benjamin. Florentii Wigorniensis. (London: Sumptibus Societatis, 1848), p. 173.
"Corpus autem illius in ecclesia S. Pauli Apostoli honorifice sepultum est."
- Æthelred 32 (Male), in The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England.