Facts and Events
Erwin Patterson was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Person:Erwin Patterson (1) is a descendant of William (61), The Pennsylvania Patriarch
- Preston Papers]
- [Samuel Stalnaker, American Lineage]
- Dividing Path
- Patterson Records in Chalkley's Chronicles, Extracts
- Erwin Patterson Records in Chalkley's Chronicles
From :Annals of Tazewell
On the third of September, 1747, Captain James Campbell and
Erwin Patterson were appointed processsioners of lands on the
waters of Roanoke. These were the most southern bounds for which
processioners were appointed, so that it must be taken that there
were few settlers actually living upon New River, Holston, Clinch
and Powell on that date.
in January 1953, James Patton wrote a letter to Governor Robert Dinwiddie in which Patton told of trouble between Erwin Patterson and Samuel Stalnaker growing out of trade with the Cherokees. Doubtless Capt. Stalnaker's friendliness and barter with the Cherokees had attracted others who wished a part of this trade, Patterson being one of them. Probably jealousy prompted Patterson to make the charge that Capt. Stalnaker was charging the Cherokees too much for corn. That Patterson's statement was a falsehood is clearly established by the fact that the Cherokees took side with Capt. Stalnaker in this difficulty, and the same letter to Governor Dinwiddie disclosing the trouble between Patterson and Stalnaker also contained "a complaint of the Emperor of the Cherokee Nation against Patterson."
The first stirrings of what became the French and Indian War were beginning at this time. The Shawnee in Ohio fought with the French, and the Cherokee with the English until near the end of the war. Indians attacked the Dunkers who were still settled near Samuel Stalnaker's first place farther east at the Buffalo Pound in 1753.32 There was apparently a large encampment of Cherokees near Samuel’s trading post on the Holston. Samuel was accused by Erwin Patterson, who complained to Governor Dinwiddie, of charging the Indians too much for corn. Patterson claimed to have orders from the Governor to arrest Stalnaker and take him to Williamsburg if he refused to leave his land. James Patton investigated the matter and defended him in a letter to the Governor, saying that Stalnaker was more esteemed in the community than Patterson, and that the community depended on him, as the farthest settler west, for their defense. The Cherokees came to trade at Stalnaker’s, and Samuel had been supporting the group settled there more or less permanently. When Samuel asked the government to pay for their keep, the Governor refused until they finished a road they had agreed to build, and Samuel started charging them for their provisions.33, 34 Patterson was also accused at this time of ordering an attack at his house by John Conolly on the Emperor of the Cherokees, who was returning from a visit to the governor of Virginia in Williamsburg
Footnotes to above:
33 "[1753 Jan.] James Patton. Letter to Robert Dinwiddie, Complaint of the Emperor of the Cherokee Nation against Erwin Patterson and John Conolly; deposition of John Watts in regard thereto enclosed; trouble between Patterson and Samuel Starnicker growing out of trade with the Cherokees. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Endorsed: Letters copyd to ye government." Calendar entry for 1QQ73, 74, The Preston and Virginia Papers of the Draper Collection of Manuscripts, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, 1915, p. 7.
34 "[1753 Jan.] James Patton. Letter to _____, Has been on frontier since the last General Court; Erwin Patterson's complaint against [Starnicker] for asking extravagant price for corn from the Cherokees; capture of Cherokees by Northern Indians; will defend caveat entered against his land by Powers and others; another grant of 100,000 acres promised him by the government. L. S. 1 p." Calendar entry for 1QQ72, The Preston and Virginia Papers of the Draper Collection of Manuscripts, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, 1915, p. 7.
35 "175 Jan. 30 Patton, James. Justice of the Peace Augusta County, [Va.] Warrant for the arrest of John Conolly. Charged with having maltreated the Emperor of the Cherokee Nation at the house of Erwin Patterson, and with having killed dogs belonging to Charles Sinclair. Signature cut away. 1 p. Endorsed: Warrant against C[torn]." Calendar entry for 1QQ70, The Preston and Virginia Papers of the Draper Collection of Manuscripts, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, 1915. p. 7.
Appendix to above
1QQ72, The Preston and Virginia Papers of the Draper Collection of Manuscripts, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison
Hon ? [January 1753]
I met the Emperor of the Cherroke with his interpreter M. Watts at Reed Creek a branch of the Mississipna ye 20th Jany on their return from Wmsburg by Potomack. The Emperor complained of being abused by Erwin Patterson & one John Connily as your Honr may observe by ye Inclosed Depositions of Jno Watts. & ye copy of a warrant. I have sent out warrants against Connily who has since Fled and believe is gone to Carolina, but as to Mr. Patterson. I shall observe your Honrs Orders concerning Patterson In Denying who denies every one thing said against him & says he can Prove what Watt has sworn to to be False.
On Patterson' return home he Reported that he had orders from your Honr to move[?] one Samuel Starnicker off his land, and on his refusal to send him tied to Wmburg which Report not only disturbed Starnicker but most of our out inhabitants on those Waters, who has frequently been oppressed by those Traveling Indians but Starnicker much more so as he lives above 40 miles from our outmost settlmt at which Place ye Cherrokees meets our Traders. In March Last Starnacker sent an acct proved against these Indians wch your Honr in council refused, saying you'd Pay nothing for their subsistence untill you were sure they had fulfilled their agreement with this Government by cutting a road [??] since which time Starnicker says he has demanded pay from ye Indians for Provisions but has Recd very little if any, and by what I can understand he is in good Esteem with the greatest Part of the Cherrokee Nation; he says he has no Enimies among them only two Noble Men and their Friends from whom he had been a means of taking two ffersoo they had stolen from one Andrew Evans which will appear by ye deposition of sd Evans & Robert McFarland, the Emperor very readily agreed to ye truthof that story & said he was willing to live in Friendship with sd Starnicker Provided he would let his people have Provisions at ye same rate he sold to white People on which I sent my son in law John Buchanan with ye Emperor's Emperor to Starnecker’s who by my Directions made up the breach to ye satisfaction of both Parties as your Honr may observe by ye within written agreement & Mr. Buchanan’s Letter to me. The Cherrokee Indians claim at the ?????????????????????? Norward Indians ???????? above Salem
I would not have troubled your Honr with this Expresswere it not that the Emperor Insisted that I would Lay his complaint before you against Patterson and Connily he already
Your Honr may observe by Captain Harman’s Deposition that ye Norward Indians has warned our out Inhabitants off that land therefore he hopes your Honr will give me Instructions how to manage should these Indians Put any of these threats in Practice [the second page starts here and is in more formal script than the preceding]
for less than the two last Presents given them and their charges in traveling the Country, but as the Emperor says he will be in Williamsburg with Ten Noblemen In June next. and then if you Honour thinks Proper to Treat with them it would not be amiss to have one Sherril an Interpreter who lives near Colo John Bolling’s.
Nevertheless of the uneasiness the Country is under about Starnikers who is in much more esteem here, than Patterson I would not have troubled your Honr with this Express, were it not that I promised to the Emperor to lay all this before your Honour immediately, which Hopes your Honour will excuse from sch your Honours most obedt and very Humble Servt James Patton
From People of VA
At other times the dark passions of lawless white men exploded. In 1753 at Erwin Patterson's store south of the Great Lick of Roanoke a hunter named John Connelly savagely attacked Old Hop, chief of the Overhill Cherokees, and beat him so "That the Blood gushed out of his mouth and Nose." Interpreter John Watts jumped to pull Connelly off, "other wise he Believed they would have killed him." Watts accused storekeeper Erwin Patterson of instigating the attack. The interpreter said Patterson and the chief "had many Quarlles." He also said the chief's wife admitted to him that "
from:FTM The Sage & Conley Famlies of Virginia
John [Connolly] was always in trouble with the law and at one point was chased out of the state of Virginia into North Caroline. An account of this is as follows: “The Emperor of the Cherokee Nation had a very different grudge with Erwin Patterson. Through his intepreter Watts he told Patton (Col. James Patton) a story which he asked to be sent to the Governor.
Watts said, “At Erwin Patterson’s house the Emperor of the Cherokee nation being there was made drunk and afterwards insulted and abused in a very gross manner. Erwin Patterson ordered him to be layed which John Conley did and in so doing, the Emperor was so much abused that the blood gushed out of his mouth and nose. Watts came and relieved the Emperor. He said it was well for him he was there otherwise he believed they would have killed him.” “‘John Conolly who had attacked the Emperor was a well-known trouble-maker on New River. This was not the first complaint against him. In 1749 George Draper of Drapers Meadows went out hunting and never returned. It is not known if Eleanor Draper suspected Connolly of harming her husband but the same year he disappeared she complained of Connolly to the Augusta Court. (she also named George Breckenridge in this complaint).
John Sinclair also complained that Connolly killed and skinned a deer and left the carcass on his fence. When Sinclair complained Connolly killed his “two find dog which guarded his home. ”This was a great loss because the settlers relied on their dogs to warn them of the presence of Indians. Col. James Patton now issued a warrant which read: “Connolly is a vagrant, loose in his morals and worse in his behavior which he has verified for these three years past on New River. During this time he has had no certain place of abode but sulking about and pretending to be a hunter and has been very abusive to several of his majesties subjects in those remote parts. The Emperor says unless he has satisfaction he will inform his nation who will have revenge on the white people. Patton ordered “To all sheriffs and constables and officers of the militia and others of His Majesty’s liege people of Augusta but in particular Capt. Adam Harmon, Ebenezer Waistcoat, Alexander Sayers, Joseph Crockett, Samuel Stalnaker and Robert Box to make diligent search for Connolly and when found bring him before me. He will be dealt with according to law. I forbid all persons to succor him.” Patton then notified Williamsburg, “I have sent out warrants against Conolly who has since fled to Carolina.”
Acquisition of Land from Orange County, Virginia Records:
- 9 March 1745 - Land Survey for Ervin Patterson for 381 acres on Mill Creek, by Thomas Lewis, Surveyor. [Orange County Virginia Deed Book 10, Dorman, pg. 53].
- Page 13.--__ _____, 1754. Jno. Mills and Ann, of Lunenburg, to Erwin Patterson, 300 acres patented 5th April, 1748, on Buffalo Creek, west side Blue Ridge.
- Erwin Patterson received a patent for 108 acres "on Roanoke" on 10 September 1755, (as listed in the dispositions below).
Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 876.--30th August, 1750. Erwin Patterson to John Maxwell, 831 acres between Mill Creek and Ann Sally Hill (Note: this should read "381 acres", as listed above and also in the subsequent disposition of John Maxwell to John Matthews, Jr. in 1753, listed below)
- Page 263.--28th May, 1751. Erwin Patterson, Gent., to William Harbison. Gent., 400 acres on a branch of Luney's Mill Creek. Teste: Robt. Poage, Robt. Rennick.
- Page 92.--18th November, 1760. Erwin Patterson and Eleanor, of Lunenburg, to Israel Christian, £100, 200 acres on Buffalo Creek of Roanoke; corner Wm. Graham. Delivered: Wm. Thompson per order 30th August, 1762.
- Page 96.--17th November, 1760. Same to same (Erwin Patterson and Eleanor, of Lunenburg, to Israel Christian), £130, 300 acres on Buffalo Creek. (Note: immediately followed above record).
- Page 387.--2d January, 1761. Erwin Patterson, of Lunenberg, to Erwin Wood, of Lunenburg (?) (Augusta ?), £, 5 sh., 108 acres by patent, 10th September, 1755, on Roanoke. Teste: John and Jane Mills, John Wood.
From Chalkley's Augusta County Records:
- Vol. 2 - MUSTER LIST OF 1742 - Capt. John McDowell's List: John McDowell, Captain; James McDowell, Ephraim McDowell, David Breeden, Alex. McClewer, John McClewer, Halbert McClewer, Sam McRoberts, Thomas Taylor, John McKnab, And. McKnab, Thos. Whiteside, Malco Whiteside, John Aleson, David Bires, Alex. McClure, Moses McClure, John Gray, Patt McKnabb, Wm. Hall, John Miless, Wm. Miles. James Hardiman, Charles Quail, Wm. Wood, Hen. Kirkham, Gilbert Gamble, James Gamble, Rob. Young, Math. Young, _____ Long, _____ Long, James More, Hugh Cunigham, James Cunigham, John Cares, Frances McCowan, Hum. Beaker, John Peter Salley, Mitch. Miller, Loromor Mason, John Matthews, John Cosier, Irwin Patterson, Edward Patterson, Joseph Finney, Michael Finney, Sam Wood, Rich. Wood, Joseph Lapsley.
- Vol. 1 - ORIGINAL PETITIONS AND PAPERS FILED IN THE COUNTY COURT. 1745-1748. - Humberstone Lyon deposeth that James Conoly said Humberstone Lyon stole fifteen red deer skins and also twenty-eight red deer skins which Conoly had left at the house of James Scaggs. Also deposition by Samuel Stolucher, the same. Also deposition by Erwin Patterson. Mary Stern deposes that George Gabriel brought from Jacob Miller's. John Blackwelder.
- Vol. 1 - APRIL 15, 1746. - (33) Erwin Patterson--appd. Constable on Roanoke near the Great Lick.
- Vol. 1 - APRIL 16, 1746. - (35) Erwin Patterson, sp. Bail for James Greenlee.
- Page 40.--1st May, 1747. Isaac Bean's appraisement by Ephraim Vause, James Neelley, Erwin Patterson. Laboring wages from Robert Ellison.
- Vol. 2 - Page 4.--3rd September, 1747: Processioners appointed, viz: Capt. James Campbell and Erwin Patterson, on waters of Roanoke.
- Vol. 1 - MAY 21, 1748. - (32) Erwin Patterson to deliver up a horse supposed to have been stolen by Ute Perkins.
- Page 266.--27th December, 1749. Simon Acres' appraisement, by Erwm Patterson, Joseph Robinson, John Meson.
- Page 297.--26th February, 1750. John Mason and James McKachey's (Keachey) bond as administrators of Wm. Alexander, with Erwin Patterson and Joseph Love.
- Page 518.--28th February, 1749-50. Robert Poage to John Poage, 308 acres. William Beverley. Corner Lewis land. Wallace's land. Corner Daniel Dennison. Part of 773 acres conveyed to Robert by Beverley 28th April, 1739. Teste: William Jameson, Erwin Patterson.
- Page 197.--22d September, 1750. Francis Beaty to William Martin, 359 acres on Mud Lick Run on a branch of Roanoke called Goose Creek. near an iron mine. Teste: Wm. Harbison, Erwin Patterson, Francis McCune.
- Vol. 2 - Page 77.--15th April, 1751: Erwin Patterson certifies that he is informed that Margret Love and Elizabeth Hartgrove are material evidence to be examined concerning a certain felony suspected lately to be done by Rebecca Bins and Joseph McCurry, they are to be summoned. To Wm. Inglish, Constable.
- Page 358.--29th May, 1751. Lucretia Griffith's bond as executrix of Mathusalem Griffith, with sureties Erwin Patterson and Tasker Tosh.
- Vol. 1 - JUNE 11, 1751--AUGUST 27, 1751. Page (176) This book begins August 1749, but there are no orders but those of suits and actions until August 27, 1751, when a new Court was organized under a commission from the Hon. Lewis Burwell, President of Virginia, dated 11th June, 1751, directed to James Patton, Peter Scholl,* Robert Cunningham, Wm. Jameson, David Stuart,* John Lynn,* Erwin Patterson,* Thos. English, Benj. Borden,* Joseph Kenady, John Denton, Wm. Christian, Robert Breckinridge, John Lewis,* Silas Hart, Andw. Lewis,* James Rutledge, Alexr. Wright, Ro. McClenahan,* Robert Campbell, John Wilson, Richd. Burton, Patr. Martin, James Lockhart, John Mills, Ro. Ramsey, Richd. Woods, John Anderson, John Ruddle, Thos. Stuart, John Lyle, John Buchanan, Thomas Lewis, Archd. Alexander, John Mathews, Adam Dickenson, Mathias Seltzer, Wm. Harbeson. (Those marked (*) qualified.)
- Page 357.--8th October, 1751. Cornelius Cook and Ann of Granville Co. No. Ca., late of Augusta, to Rees Thomas, 1751. Patented to Cornelius 20th September, 1748, Brock's Creek, 350 acres. Acknowledged 12th July, 1753 before Erwin Patterson. Teste: Stephen and Isaac Ruddle.
- Page 182.--9th October, 1751. William Mills, of Loonenburg, to John Mills (trusty and loving friend). Power of attorney to convey land and attend to business, 1751. Teste: Erwin Patterson, Alexander Ingram.
- Vol. 1 - MAY 20, 1752. - (242) New commission to: James Patton, Thos. Lewis, Wm. Jameson,* James Lockhart,* Benj. Borden,* John Lewis,* Robt. Cunningham,* Andrew Lewis, Erwin Patterson, Richd. Woods, Peter Sholl, John Wilson, David Stewart, Ro. McClenachan,* John Mathews.* (Those marked (*) qualified.
- Page 487.--20th August, 1752. Thomas and Jane Williams to James Greenlee, 400 acres in Fork of James; Erwin Patterson's survey. Teste: Mathew Campbell, Jno. Mathews, Jr., Wm. Elliot.
- Page 98.--23d February, 1753. Same (From James Patton) to John Mills of Lunenburg, 150 acres by patent 3d November, 1750. Murre's Run of Roanoke. Teste: Wm. Carravin, Erwin Patterson, Alexander Ingram.
- Page 439.--16th August, 1753. John Maxwell and Mary to John Mathews, Jr., 381 acres on a branch of Mill Creek; Ann Salling's hill. Sold to John by Ewin Patterson, 1750. Delivered: James Lockhart, June, 1757. (Note: this record confirms the correct acreage of this tract, which was incorrectly labeled as "831 acres" in the earlier record).
- Vol. 1 - NOVEMBER 24, 1753. - (76) Road ordered--Wm. Bryan overseer--from Wm. Carravan's plantation to Wm. Bryans on Roan Oak. These workers: James Campbell, Joseph Love, Wm. Bryan, Jr., John Bryan, James Bane, Henry Brown, Jr., James Neilly, Henry Brown, Sr., Alexr. Ingram, Edward Patterson, Jacob Patton, John Wood, Erwin Patterson, Andrew Cox, Jasper Terry, Wm. Terry, John Woods, Edward Moore, Peter Craven, Aron Hart, Miles Hart, Wm. Graham, Neal McNeal, Malcom Campbell, Wm. Armstrong, Tasker Tosh, Thomas Tosh, Daniel Evans, Uriah Acres, Thos. Acres, John McAdoe, Wm. Akers.
- Page 147.--30th July, 1755. Daniel (Dan) Evans' will--Wife, Rhoda; brother, Nathaniel Evans; brother, Peter; Susannah Griffith to remain with Rhoda during Rhoda's widowhood, or until she arrives at 21. Executors, brother Peter Evans and Mark Cole, inhabitant in Bedford County, and wife Rhoda Evans. Teste: Caleb Powell, Erwin Patterson, Lawrence Stephen. Proved, 19th May, 1756, by Erwin Patterson. Peter Evans refuses to execute. Rhoda qualifies, with surety David Bryan.
- Page 203.--17th February, 1758. Colonel James Patton's estate; appraised by Thomas Stewart, John Ramsey, Edward Hall. List of bonds, bills, &c., due the estate: John Mills and Erwin Patterson, 3rd August, 1753. (Note: listed among many others).
- Vol. 1 - MAY 18, 1758. - (148) Erwin Patterson, removed out of this County.
- Page 267.--17th August, 1758. Peter Kender's (Kinder? Ginder?) estate, account with Alex. Wright, administrator--To sundries from 22d August, 1748, to 22d August. 1749. Paid Erwin Patterson, Patrick Vance, for wages. Paid Alex. Ingram (4 days writing). Paid Ephraim Vause for crying the vendue. Paid Francis Cyphers, Henry Brown, Geo. Griffith. These did not pay for goods bought at vendue, viz: Joseph Kimmins, James McAfee, Jean Patterson, John Gold, Joseph McDonald, David Robinson.
- Page 331.--20th August, 1759. Erwin Patterson's bond (with Thos. Tosh, Wm. Carson) as administrator of James McGee.
- Vol. 1 - NOVEMBER 20, 1760. - (436) Commission for privy examination of Elianer, wife of Erwin Patterson. Patterson to Israel Christian.
- Vol. 1 - MAY 23, 1761. - (31) Neilly vs. Erwin Patterson--abates by death of defendant. (36) Erwin Patterson vs. Mathew Emack--plaintiff having died since last Court. (Note: establishes that Erwin Patterson had died prior to this date).
- Vol. 1 - AUGUST 20, 1761. - (62) Margaret Patterson, heir at law of Erwin Patterson.
- Vol. 1 - AUGUST 21, 1762. - (305) Israel Christian vs. Margaret Patterson, only daughter and heir-at-law of Erwin Patterson--Decree for conveyance by Margaret when she becomes 21, or three months after. (Note: establishes that Margaret, daughter of Erwin Patterson was born sometime after 1741).
- Page 192.--19th April, 1763. John Greenlee to David Greenlee, £10, 400 acres on a branch in forks of James River patented to Thomas Williams, 20th June, 1749, and made over by William to James Greenlee, Sr., Gent., deceased, father of John, who is eldest son and heir-at-law by deed prior to this; corner survey of Erwin Patterson's. Delivered: Samuel Greenlee, March, 1780.
- Vol. 1 - MARCH 23, 1764. - (412) David Bryan and executors of Erwin Patterson ask counter security from Rhoda Evans, now Rhoda Doggett, admr. of her decd. husband, Daniel Evans. Rhoda and Richard Doggett, her husband, summoned.
- Vol. 1 - MAY, 1767 (B). - Robert Looney debtor to estate of Irwin Patterson.--1745-1746, May 10, Elizabeth Looney. 1744--Credit by 10 years' ferriage at 20/ per year.
- Vol. 1 - (412) David Bryan and executors of Erwin Patterson ask counter security from Rhoda Evans, now Rhoda Doggett, admr. of her decd. husband, Daniel Evans. Rhoda and Richard Doggett, her husband, summoned.
- Page 546.--7th October, 1767. John ( ) Huchens (Hutchens) and Martha ( ), of Johnson County, North Carolina, to John Hickman, £20, 309 acres in Fork of James River, oak corner to Michael Dockerty's in Erwin Pattersons line; corner Thomas Williams. Teste: James Edmuston, Abram Brown, Samuel McClure. Delivered: John Hickman, September, 1782.
- Vol. 1 - MAY, 1768 (A). - Looney vs. Patterson.--Robert Looney, debtor to Irvin Patterson's estate. 1745-46. May 10, to sundry goods to Elizabeth Looney, one looking glass, balance due Robert Looney, per settlement. 1744. Credits: By bond for a horse given this year; by ten years' ferriage, per agreement, at 20/ per annum. Settlement of above accounts, 16th January, 1766, by Benjamin Hawkins, James Rowland.