Person:Ephraim Leath (1)

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Ephraim Leath
b.Abt. 1720/25 prob. New Jersey
d.Abt. April 1785 Shenandoah County, Virginia
m. 29 June 1711
  1. George Leathest 1715 - 1768
  2. Ephraim LeathAbt 1720/25 - Abt 1785
m. 20 August 1752
  1. James Leath1753 -
  2. John LeathAbt 1755 -
  3. Ephraim LeathAbt 1758 -
  4. Leah LeathAbt 1760 - 1830
  5. Lydia Leath1762 -
  • HEphraim LeathAbt 1720/25 - Abt 1785
  • WLeah McKayABT 1716 - BEF 1797
m. ABT 1784-85
Facts and Events
Name Ephraim Leath
Gender Male
Birth? Abt. 1720/25 prob. New Jersey
Marriage 20 August 1752 Augusta County, Virginiato Barbara 'Barbary' Unknown
Marriage ABT 1784-85 Prob. Shenandoah County, Virginiato Leah McKay
Death? Abt. April 1785 Shenandoah County, Virginia

Ephraim Leath was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia

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Records of Ephraim Leath in Augusta County, VA

From Chalkley's:


  • Vol. 1 - AUGUST 28, 1750. - (415) James McNeal, Wm. Overall, Josiah Parent, Ephraim Leath, Abraham Ciler, Benjamin Gugar, Steven Philips, John Hawkins, Wm. Jackson, Thomas Dodson, John Little, Bernard Agen, Henry Netherton, Richard Waters, George Leath, John Davis, Robert Boyd, added to list of tithables.
  • Vol. 1 - MAY 28, 1751. - (571) Road ordered from Caleb Job's to James McKay's, crossing the river at a place called the Brush Bottom Ford, and so along the river by Henry Spears' plantation, and that the said Spears, with Mason Combs, John Sallers, Richard Sheitz, William Hurst, William Overall, Thomas Hues, Zachariah McCoy, Torrance Carroll, Wm. Dickenson, Steven Philips, Alexr. Gunnod (?), James McNeal, John Hawkins, Benj. Grider, Ephraim Leath, Charles Williamson, Josiah Parent, Wm. Parent, Thomas Parent, Edmond Bollen, Adam Coningham, Francis Grubbs, keep it in repair.
  • Vol. 1 - AUGUST 20, 1752. - (317) Moses McKay prays for counter security from Barbara Job (now Leath) and Ephriam Leath, Admrs. of Caleb Job.
  • Vol. 1 - MAY 22, 1753. - (498) Ephraim Leith and Barbara Job, Admrs. of Caleb Job. Barbara Job has married Leith. Counter security.



Information on Ephraim Leath

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=ajobebrown11&id=I01410

ID: I01410 Name: Ephraim Leath Sex: M Birth: ABT 1725 Death: ABT APR 1785 in Shenandoah Co, Virginia Note: Ephraim apparently used the Leeth spelling of the surname, as his signatur es on legal documents show this spelling. Please see wife for more not es and sources!


The Leith Book (which was thoroughly resourced) on page 5 says:

"Ephraim Leeth died probably in early 1785. His son James Leeth was appoi nted administrator of his estate on 28 April 1785. Of his children, on ly the son James can be definitely proved. Four others are speculat ed to be Ephraim's children. These four Leeth, two males and two female s, are found in Shenandoah Co., records. They are of the correct a ge to be Ephraim's children. Since they are not the children of Ephraim 's brother George whose children are listed by name in his 1768 will, a nd since no other adult male Leeths of George and Ephraim's generation a re found in the area, we assume these four can only be Ephraim's children.

We do not know the maiden name of Ephraim's wife Barbara. Her first husba nd was Caleb Jobe who was born 15 May 1704 near the border of Chester Co ., PA, and Cecil Co., MD., the son of Andrew Jobe and Elizabeth Verno n, a Quaker family. "

and on page 6:

""The one known and four probable children of Ephraim Leeth: James Leeth b ca 1753 (known) Probable: John Leeth b ca 1755 Frederick Co Va d ca 1783 Shenandoah Co Va Ephraim Leath, Jr. b ca 1758 (spelling changed again) Leah Leeth b ca 1760 Lydia Leeth b ca 1762"

-following sent to me by Andy Leath (Jan 2003) (co-editior of the Leath Bo ok) <aleath98@cox-internet.com>

"In our book, Les and I included "one known and four probable children":

1. James Leeth born est. 1753 2. John Leeth born est. 1755 (since the book was published, we've been ab le to find evidence that his wife was Margaret Phares, dau. of Samuel Phares, and they probably had no children) 3. Ephraim Leeth, Jr. born est. 1758 4. Leah Leeth born est. 1760 5. Lydia Leeth born est. 1762

Les and I also think that Ephraim Leeth had remarried before his death abo ut 1785, and that his surviving widow was Mrs. Leah (McKay) Tyler Odell Le eth who died in the 1790s.

I, too, corresponded with Katherine Reynolds several times and have seen h er books in Clayton Library in Houston. I have been as puzzled as you abo ut her reference to a will of Barbary Job Leeth."

Here are a few more primary source records on Ephraim Leeth:

Personal Property Tax Rolls, Shenandoah Co., VA (microfilm of the originals) 1782 Leath, Ephraim, 2 tithables, 10 horses, 16 cattle 1783 Leath, Ephraim, 1 white tithe, no slaves, 7 horses, 11 cattle 1784 Leith, Ephraim, 1 white tithe, 1 slave over 16, 11 horses, 16 cattle Leith, Ephraim, no white tithes, no slaves, 3 horses, 2 cattle 1785 Leith, Ephraim, no white tithes, no slaves, 3 horses, 3 cattle Leith, Leah no white tithes, 1 slave over 16, 2 horses, 8 cattle 1786 Leith, Ephraim no white tithes, no slaves, 1 horse, 4 cattle Leith, Leah no white tithes, no slaves, 3 horses, 6 cattle etc.

I think the Ephraim with no white tithes must be Ephraim, Jr.

Land Tax Books, Shenandoah Co., VA (microfilm of the originals) 1782 Leeth, Ephraim, 100 acres, 367 acres 1783 Leeth, Ephraim 100 acres 1784 Leeth, Ephraim 100 acres 1785 Leeth, Ephraim 100 acres 1786 Leeth, Ephraim 120 acres 1787 Leeth, Ephraim 100 acres 1788 Leeth, Ephraim 100 acres 1789 Leith, Ephraim 100 acres 1790 Leith, James 100 acres

(By following the chain of title of Ephraim's 100 acres, which was ha lf of his father James' 200 acres, but when later surveyed was actually about 120 acres, we find that the oldest son James Leeth inherit ed his father Ephraim's portion. The tax rolls didn't show the new ownership until 1790)


Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia - by Lyman Chalkey 1 912 Record Book Pg. 168. Printed book page 36

1746-47, March 18 - Road ordered from Caleb Jone's mill down to County li ne, James McKay, Moses McKay,Henry Harding, John Hill, Philip Crine, Tho s. Land, Wm. Hursh, Thoms. Burk, Wm. Harrell, Thos. Grubbs, Wm. Hawkins, Z achery Mck\Kay, JOSHUA JOB, James McNeal, Adam Cunningham, Jacob Sterrel l, Charles Coxe, Charles Burk, EPHRM LEECH, CALEB JOB.


1747 -March; named by the Augusta Co., Court to work on the road from Cal eb Jobe's Mill to the Co., line

1750 -Augusta Co., VA; Ephriam was added to the List of tithables

1750, -June; widow Barbara Jobe and Ephraim Leeth were named as execut ors in will of Caleb Jobe

1751 -petition to the Augusta Co., Court to realign a road from Caleb Jobe 's Mill to James McKay's place. He was ordered to work on this road by t he Augusta Co., Court in May 1751.

1752 -August; the widow of Caleb Jobe is referred to as Barbara Leeth, wi fe of Ephraim Leeth.

1768 -Ephraim Leeth was named in the will of his brother George Leath

1768 -made bond for title to the church wardens of the parish of Frederi ck for half of an acre of land when he had clear title to the land.' It ap pears that Ephraim Leeth lived on his portion of the 200 acres he inherit ed from his father James Leath

1775 - census of Dunmore Co.,, Virginia, with three males over 16, three m ales under 16, and six females

1776 -appeared in court in the 1770's in the case of Hite et a]. vs. Fairf ax to claim this land which was due his father as an early settler of t he Hite and McKay survey. Ephraim Leeth finally received clear title to th is land in 1791, some six years after his death. The grant totaled 133 acr es and was on Jeremy's Run. As previously written, the land is locat ed in present-day northern Page Co.,, Virginia


1780-witness to his daughter's marriage

Shenandoah County, Virginia

This is to certify that it is with my consent and appreciation. that a lic ense issue at your office to be notation of Marriage between William Reag an and myself as witness my hand this 15th day of March 1780.

Leah (her mark) Leath

Teste Ephriam Leath John Hetherton? Jacob Job


1781 He was given a receipt for selling one steer to the Continental Army


1782-Entries from: Virginia Revolutionary Publick Claims Vol. 3 -Compiled and Transcribed by Janice L. Abercrombie and Richard Slatten -Iberian Publishing Company, Athen, Georgia

-Shenandoah County Court Booklet

pg. 15 Jeremiah McKoy a horse 12 years old £12 Ephraim Leeth a horse 10 years old £15


1783 tax list of Shenandoah Co., with six whites and no blacks

  • Leath, Ebinezor

1785 April 28; His son James Leeth was appointed administrator of his esta te


2) Research of Dianne Kenna <DBKen3@aol.com> per: A. "The Leath (Leeth/Leith) Family History, Volume 1, by Lesl ie R. Waltman and Andrew L. Leath (1995) - Andy Leath <aleath98@aol.com>


Marriage 1 Barbary ? b: ABT 1715 in Pennsylvania Married: 20 AUG 1752 in Augusta Co, Virginia Children

James Leath b: 1753 in Virginia
John Leath b: ABT 1755 in Frederick Co., VA
Ephraim Leath , Jr. b: ABT 1758 in Frederick Co., VA
Leah Leath b: ABT 1760 in Shenandoah Co., Virginia
Lydia Leath b: 1762 in Shenandoah Co., VA

Marriage 2 Leah Mackay b: ABT 1716 in Probably Freehold, New Jersey Married: BET 1784 AND 1785 in Probably Shenandoah Co., Virginia