Person:Elizabeth Windsor (13)

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Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor
d.
Facts and Events
Name[1] Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor
Alt Name Queen Elizabeth II
Gender Female
Birth? 21 Apr 1926 Mayfair, Middlesex, England17 Bruton St.
Death[1]


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the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is the constitutional monarch of 16 sovereign states, known as the Commonwealth realms, and their territories and dependencies, and head of the 53-member Commonwealth of Nations. She is Supreme Governor of the Church of England and, in some of her realms, carries the additional title of Defender of the Faith.

Upon her accession on 6 February 1952, Elizabeth became Head of the Commonwealth and queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon. From 1956 to 1992, the number of her realms varied as territories gained independence and some realms became republics. At present, in addition to the first four of the aforementioned countries, Elizabeth is Queen of Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda, and Saint Kitts and Nevis. Her reign of years is currently the second longest for a British monarch; only Queen Victoria, her great-great grandmother, has reigned longer, at over 63 years.

Elizabeth was born in London and educated privately at home. Her father acceded to the throne as George VI in 1936 on the abdication of his brother Edward VIII, from which time she was the heir presumptive. She began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, in which she served in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. In 1947, she married Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, with whom she has four children: Charles, Anne, Andrew, and Edward. Her coronation service took place in 1953 and was the first to be televised.

Elizabeth II's many historic visits and meetings include a state visit to the Republic of Ireland and reciprocal visits to and from the Pope. Elizabeth has seen major constitutional changes in her realms, such as devolution in the United Kingdom and the patriation of the Canadian constitution. Times of personal significance have included the births and marriages of her children and grandchildren, the investiture of the Prince of Wales, and the celebration of milestones such as her Silver, Golden, and Diamond Jubilees in 1977, 2002, and 2012, respectively.

Major events in Elizabeth's reign have included the Troubles in Northern Ireland, the Falklands War, and wars with Iraq and in Afghanistan. There have been times of personal sorrow for her which include the death of her father at 56, the assassination of Prince Philip's uncle, Lord Mountbatten, the breakdown of her children's marriages in 1992 (a year deemed her annus horribilis), the death in 1997 of her son's former wife, Diana, Princess of Wales, and the deaths of her mother and sister in 2002. Elizabeth has occasionally faced republican sentiments and severe press criticism of the royal family, but support for the monarchy and her personal popularity remain high.


References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
Succession of Monarchs of the United Kingdom
Edward VIII

1936
her uncle

George VI

1936-1952
her father

Queen of the United Kingdom

1952-present

Heir Apparent

Prince Charles
her son

Next in line

Prince William
her grandson

Edward VIII

1936
her uncle

George VI

as King of the British Dominions beyond the Seas
1936-1952
her father

Queen of Canada

1952-present

Queen of Australia

1952-present

Queen of New Zealand

1952-present

Queen of Pakistan

1952-1956

End of Line
Queen of South Africa

1952-1961

Queen of Ceylon

1952-1972

George VI

as King of the British Dominions beyond the Seas
1936-1952
her father

Herself
as Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen of Ghana
1957-1960
Queen of Nigeria
1960-1963
Queen of Sierra Leone
1961-1971
Queen of Tanganyika
1961-1962
Queen of Jamaica
1962-present
Heir Apparent

Prince Charles
her son

Next in line

Prince William
her grandson

Queen of Trinidad and Tobago
1962-1976
End of Line
Queen of Uganda
1962-1963
Queen of Kenya
1963-1964
Queen of Malawi
1964-1966
Queen of Malta
1964-1974
Queen of the Gambia
1965-1970
Queen of Guyana
1966-1970
Queen of Barbados
1966-present
Heir Apparent

Prince Charles
her son

Next in line

Prince William
her grandson

Queen of Mauritius
1968-1992
End of Line
Queen of Fiji
1970-1987
Queen of the Bahamas
1973-present
Heir Apparent

Prince Charles
her son

Next in line

Prince William
her grandson

Queen of Grenada
1974-present
Herself
as Queen of Australia
Queen of Papua New Guinea
1975-present
Herself
as Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen of the Solomon Islands
1978-present
Queen of Tuvalu
1978-present
Queen of Saint Lucia
1979-present
Queen of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
1979-present
Queen of Belize
1981-present
Queen of Antigua and Barbuda
1981-present
Queen of Saint Christopher and Nevis
1983-present
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