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Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset
d.22 Jan 1552 Tower Hill, Greater London, England
m. ABT 1505
m. abt 1537
Facts and Events
Edward Seymour was the son of Sir John Seymour. After military service in France (1523), Seymour became Master of the Horse for the Duke of Richmond. When his sister Jane married Henry VIII, Seymour's political fortune immediately improved and he was made Viscount Beauchamp and Earl of Hertford. He returned to military life and served in Scotland (1542) and France (1545). Upon Henry VIII's death Seymour became the effective ruler of the country as Protector of the Realm, appointed by the Council of Regency to serve during boy king Edward VI's minority.
Seymour resumed the war in Scotland, winning a decisive battle at Pinkie in 1547. He undertook social reforms, which led to the accumulation of enemies against him and his brother Thomas. Faced with the beginning of a popular uprising, in October 1549 the Privy Council removed Seymour from power and imprisoned him in the Tower of London. He was released in 1550 but was again accused of conspiracy and arrested therafter. He was convicted for treason and executed by beheading on Tower Hill on 22 January, 1552.