Person:Edmund Plantagenet (2)

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Edmund "Crouchback" , 1st Earl of Lancaster
b.16 Jan 1244/5 London, London, England
Facts and Events
Name Edmund "Crouchback" , 1st Earl of Lancaster
Gender Male
Birth[10] 16 Jan 1244/5 London, London, England
Marriage Contract 6 Apr 1269 to Aveline de Forz, Countess of Holderness
Marriage 9 Apr 1269 Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, Englandto Aveline de Forz, Countess of Holderness
Marriage 03 FEB 1276 Paris, Ville de Paris, Ile-de-France, Franceto Blanche , Countess d'Artois
Death[10] 5 Jun 1296 Bayonne, Basses-Pyrénées, Aquitaine, France
Burial? 15 Jul 1296 Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England
Other? House of Plantagenet


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Edmund Plantagenet, 1st Earl of Lancaster and Leicester (16 January 1245 – 5 June 1296), known by the epithet Crouchback, alias Edmund of Lancaster, was the second surviving son of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence. In his childhood he had a claim on the Kingdom of Sicily. His nickname "Crouchback" (meaning "Crossback") refers to his participation in the Ninth Crusade indicating that he was entitled to wear a cross stitched into the back of his garments.

Edmund was born in London. He was a younger brother of Edward I of England, Margaret of England, and Beatrice of England, and an older brother of Katherine of England.

In 1253 he was invested by Pope Innocent IV in the Kingdom of Sicily and Apulia. At about this time he was also made Earl of Chester. These were of little value as Conrad IV of Germany, the real King of Sicily, was still living and the Earldom of Chester was transferred to his elder brother Edward.

Edmund soon obtained, however, important possessions and dignities, for soon after the forfeiture of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester in 1265, Edmund received the Earldom of Leicester and of Lancaster and also the honour of the Stewardship of England and the lands of Nicolas de Segrave.

In 1271 he accompanied his elder brother Edward on the Ninth Crusade to Palestine. Some historians, including the authors of the Encyclopedia Britannica article on him, state that it was because of this that he received the nickname Crouchback (which they say means "cross back") indicating that he was entitled to wear a cross on his back

He was married twice, first to Aveline de Forz, Countess of Albemarle (20 January 1259 Burstwick - 10 November 1274 Stockwell), on 8 April 1269, at Westminster Abbey. She died just 4 years after the marriage, at the age of 15, at was buried at Westminster Abbey. The couple had no children, though some sources believe she may have died in childbirth or shortly after a miscarriage.

He married secondly, in Paris, on February 3, 1276, to Blanche of Artois. That same year he became the Count of Champagne and Brie in France

He died on June 5, 1296 in Bayonne, and was sealed in a coffin on July 15, 1296 at Westminster Abbey, London, England.


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References
  1.   Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2.   EDMUND “Crouchback/Gibbosus”, son of HENRY III King of England & his wife Eléonore de Provence (London 16 Jan 1245-Bayonne 5 Jun 1296, bur Westminster Abbey)., in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  3.   Edmund 'Crouchback' Plantagenet, Earl of Leicester, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  4.   Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet, in Find A Grave.
  5.   The Complete Peerage, G.E.C., Eng. V, v. 7, p. 368-401, 547-48.
  6.   Dict. of Nat'l Biog., Eng. Pub. A, v. 32, p. 33-35.
  7.   Royal Dau of Engl, Eng. 120, v. 1, p. 60-61.
  8.   Tab. Souv. Gen., France 22, Tab. 21, 46.
  9.   Burke's Peerage, Eng. P, 1949, preface p. 253.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), Volume 4 page 203, VII pp. 378 to 387.
Peerage of England
Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl

1206-1218
'

Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl

1218-1265
Forfeited for rebellion

Earl of Leicester

1267-1296

Thomas Plantagenet, 2nd Earl

1298-1322
his son

Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl

1326-1345
his son

New creation Earl of Lancaster
1267-1296