m. 14 JAN 1235/36
m. 9 Apr 1269
Facts and Events
Edmund Plantagenet, 1st Earl of Lancaster and Leicester (16 January 1245 – 5 June 1296), known by the epithet Crouchback, alias Edmund of Lancaster, was the second surviving son of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence. In his childhood he had a claim on the Kingdom of Sicily. His nickname "Crouchback" (meaning "Crossback") refers to his participation in the Ninth Crusade indicating that he was entitled to wear a cross stitched into the back of his garments.
Edmund was born in London. He was a younger brother of Edward I of England, Margaret of England, and Beatrice of England, and an older brother of Katherine of England.
In 1253 he was invested by Pope Innocent IV in the Kingdom of Sicily and Apulia. At about this time he was also made Earl of Chester. These were of little value as Conrad IV of Germany, the real King of Sicily, was still living and the Earldom of Chester was transferred to his elder brother Edward.
Edmund soon obtained, however, important possessions and dignities, for soon after the forfeiture of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester in 1265, Edmund received the Earldom of Leicester and of Lancaster and also the honour of the Stewardship of England and the lands of Nicolas de Segrave.
In 1271 he accompanied his elder brother Edward on the Ninth Crusade to Palestine. Some historians, including the authors of the Encyclopedia Britannica article on him, state that it was because of this that he received the nickname Crouchback (which they say means "cross back") indicating that he was entitled to wear a cross on his back
He was married twice, first to Aveline de Forz, Countess of Albemarle (20 January 1259 Burstwick - 10 November 1274 Stockwell), on 8 April 1269, at Westminster Abbey. She died just 4 years after the marriage, at the age of 15, at was buried at Westminster Abbey. The couple had no children, though some sources believe she may have died in childbirth or shortly after a miscarriage.
He married secondly, in Paris, on February 3, 1276, to Blanche of Artois. That same year he became the Count of Champagne and Brie in France
He died on June 5, 1296 in Bayonne, and was sealed in a coffin on July 15, 1296 at Westminster Abbey, London, England.