Person:David Scotland (1)

     
David I Mac Malcolm , King of Scotland I
b.bet abt 1080 and 1085 Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Facts and Events
Name[2] David I Mac Malcolm , King of Scotland I
Gender Male
Birth[1] bet abt 1080 and 1085 Edinburgh, Midlothian, ScotlandHouse of Dunkeld
Marriage 1113 Carlisle, Cumbria, Englandto Maud , Countess of Huntingdon
Death[2] 24 May 1153 Carlisle, Cumbria, England
Ancestral File Number 8XJB-C4
Military? Battle of the Standard
Burial? Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

David I (Medieval Gaelic: Dabíd mac Maíl Choluim; Modern Gaelic: Daibhidh I mac [Mhaoil] Chaluim; 1084 – 24 May 1153) was a 12th-century ruler who was Prince of the Cumbrians (1113–1124), Earl of Northampton and Huntingdon and later King of the Scots (1124–1153). The youngest son of Malcolm III of Scotland (Medieval Gaelic:Máel Coluim III) and Margaret of Wessex, David spent his early years in Scotland, but was forced on the death of his parents in 1093, into exile by his uncle and thenceforth king, Donald III of Scotland. Perhaps after 1100, he became a dependent at the court of King Henry I of England. There he was influenced by the Norman and Anglo-French culture of the court.

When David's brother Alexander I of Scotland died in 1124, David chose, with the backing of Henry I, to take the Kingdom of Scotland (Alba) for himself. He was forced to engage in warfare against his rival and nephew, Malcolm, Alexander I's son. Subduing the latter seems to have taken David ten years, a struggle that involved the destruction of Óengus, Mormaer of Moray. David's victory allowed expansion of control over more distant regions theoretically part of his kingdom. After the death of his former patron Henry I, David supported the claims of Henry's daughter and his own niece, the former Holy Roman Empress-Consort, Matilda, to the throne of England. In the process, he came into conflict with King Stephen and was able to expand his power in northern England, despite his defeat at the Battle of the Standard in 1138.

The term "Davidian Revolution" is used by many scholars to summarise the changes which took place in the Kingdom of Scotland during his reign. These included his foundation of burghs, implementation of the ideals of Gregorian Reform, foundation of monasteries, Normanisation of the Scottish government, and the introduction of feudalism through immigrant French and Anglo-French knights.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at David I of Scotland. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. Jiri Louda (tables), Michael Maclagan, CVO, Richmond Herald, (i)Lines of Succession - Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe(/i) (London: Li.
  2. 2.0 2.1 David I 'the Saint', King of Scotland, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3.   Nancy L Kuehl, A Seale Anthology Second Edition, 683.
  4.   David I of Scotland, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  5.   DAVID, son of MALCOLM III "Caennmor/Bighead" King of Scotland & his wife Margaret of England ([1080]-Carlisle 24 May 1153, bur Dunfermline Abbey, Fife), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  6.   David I, king of Scots (d.1153), in Amanda Beam, John Bradley, Dauvit Broun, John Reuben Davies, Matthew Hammond, Michele Pasin (with others). The People of Medieval Scotland, 1093 – 1314, PoMS No. 130.