Person:Cosimo de' Medici (4)

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Cosimo III de' Medici, granduca di Toscana
Facts and Events
Name[2] Cosimo III de' Medici, granduca di Toscana
Gender Male
Birth[1][2] 14 Aug 1642 Firenze, Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Alt Marriage 18 Apr 1661 to Marguerite Louise d'Orléans
Marriage 19 Apr 1661 Paris, Paris, Franceto Marguerite Louise d'Orléans
Death[1][2] 31 Oct 1723 Firenze, Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Other[1] House of Medici


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Cosimo III de' Medici (14 August 1642 – 31 October 1723) was the penultimate Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany. He reigned from 1670 to 1723, and was the elder son of Grand Duke Ferdinando II. Cosimo's 53-year long reign, the longest in Tuscan history, was marked by a series of ultra-reactionary laws which regulated prostitution and banned May celebrations. His reign also witnessed Tuscany's deterioration to previously unknown economic lows. He was succeeded by his elder surviving son, Gian Gastone, when he died, in 1723.

He married Marguerite Louise d'Orléans, a cousin of Louis XIV. The marriage was solemnized by proxy in the King's Chapel at the Louvre, on Sunday, 17 April 1661. It was a marriage fraught with tribulation. Marguerite Louise eventually abandoned Tuscany for the Convent of Montmartre. Together, they had 3 children: Ferdinando in 1663, Anna Maria Luisa, Electress Palatine, in 1667, and Gian Gastone, the last Medicean ruler of Tuscany, in 1671.

In later life, he attempted to have Anna Maria Luisa recognised as the universal heiress of Tuscany, but Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, would not allow it because Florence was nominally an imperial fief, and he felt he alone could alter the Tuscan laws of succession. All Cosimo's efforts to salvage the plan floundered, and in 1737, upon his younger son's death, Tuscany passed to the House of Lorraine.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Guarini, Elena Fasano. COSIMO III de' Medici, granduca di Toscana, in Dizionario biografico degli italiani. (Roma: Istituto della enciclopedia italiana fondata da Giovanni Treccani, 1960-), Volume 30, 1984.