Charles of Provence, King of Provence
d.25 Jan 0863 Lyon, Rhône, France
m. mid-Oct 0821
Facts and Events
His father divided his realm of the Middle Franks (Lotharingia) between his three sons: the eldest, Louis, received Italy and the emperorship; Lothair II received Lotharingia (modern Lorraine and the Low Countries); and the youngest, Charles, received Upper Burgundy and Lower Burgundy (Arles and Provence).
Charles was only a child when his father died; accordingly, the governance of his realm was undertaken by his tutor, Count Gerard II of Vienne, whose wife was a sister-in-law of Emperor Lothar I. Gerard was a vigorous regent, defending the kingdom from the Northmen, who raided up the Rhone as far as Valence. In 860, he ejected them from the Rhone delta.
Charles' uncle, Charles the Bald of West Francia, attempted to intervene in Provence in 861. After receiving an appeal for intervention from the Count of Arles, he invaded Provence, but only reached Macon, being restrained by Hincmar of Rheims.
Charles of Provence never ruled his realm in anything more but name. It was Gerard, rather than he, who in 858 arranged that should he die without children, Provence would revert to Charles' brother Lothair II. When Charles died, however, his other brother Emperor Louis II also claimed Provence, and the realm was divided between the two (Lothair received the bishoprics of Lyon, Vienne and Grenoble, to be governed by Gerard; Louis II received Arles, Aix and Embrun).