Person:Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1)

     
Karl VI. , Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches
b.1 Oct 1685 Wien
d.20 Oct 1740 Wien
Facts and Events
Name Karl VI. , Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches
Alt Name Carolus Franciscus Josephus Wenceslaus Balthasar Johannes Antonius Ignatius
Gender Male
Birth[1][2] 1 Oct 1685 Wien
Death[1][2] 20 Oct 1740 Wien
Other[1] House of Habsburg
Burial[2] Vienna, Wien, Austria Kapuzinergruft


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Charles VI (1 October 1685 – 20 October 1740) succeeded his elder brother, Joseph I, as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia (as Charles II), Hungary and Croatia (as Charles III), Archduke of Austria, etc., in 1711. He unsuccessfully claimed the throne of Spain as Charles III following the death of its ruler, and Charles's relative, Charles II of Spain, in 1700. He married Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, by whom he had his two children: Maria Theresa, born 1717, the last Habsburg sovereign, and Maria Anna, born 1718, Governess of the Austrian Netherlands.

Four years before the birth of Maria Theresa, faced with his lack of male heirs, Charles provided for a male-line succession failure with the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713. The Emperor favoured his own daughters over those of his elder brother and predecessor, Joseph I, in the succession, ignoring the decree he had signed during the reign of his father, Leopold I. Charles sought the other European powers' approval. They exacted harsh terms: Britain demanded that Austria abolish its overseas trading company. In total, Great Britain, France, Saxony-Poland, the Dutch Republic, Spain, Venice, States of the Church,[1] Prussia,[2] Russia,[1] Denmark, Savoy-Sardinia,[2] Bavaria,[2] and the Diet of the Holy Roman Empire[2] recognised the sanction. France, Spain, Saxony-Poland, Bavaria and Prussia later reneged. Charles died in 1740, sparking the War of the Austrian Succession, which plagued his successor, Maria Theresa, for eight years.


References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Braubach, Max,„Karl VI., Kaiser“, in Neue Deutsche Biographie. (Berlin: Duncker und Humblot, c1953-), 11 (1977), S. 211-218 .
  3.   Wurzbach, Constantin. Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich: enthaltend die Lebenskizzen der denkwürdigen Personen, welche 1750 bis 1850 im Kaiserstaate und in Kronländer gelebt haben. (Wien: K.K. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, 1856-1891), 6:364 f..
Succession of Holy Roman Emperors
Leopold I

1658-1705
his father

Joseph I

1705-1711
his brother

Holy Roman Emperor-Elect

1711-1740

Charles VII

1742-1745
his brother Joseph's son-in-law

Francis I

1745-1765
his son-in-law; ggrandson of Ferdinand III

Succession of Hungarian Monarchs
Leopold I

1655-1705
his father

Joseph I

1687-1711
his brother

King of Hungary

(as Charles III)
1711-1740

Maria Theresa

1740-1780
his daughter

Joseph II

1780-1790
her son


Succession of Bohemian Monarchs
Leopold I

1657-1705
(Nominal during father's reign)
his father

Joseph I

1705-1711
his father

King of Bohemia

(as Charles II)
1711-1740

Maria Theresa

1740-1780
his daughter
and
anti-king Charles Albert of Bavaria
Holy Roman Emperor
1741-1743

Joseph II

1780-1790
her son

Succession of German Monarchs
Leopold I

1658-1705
his father

Joseph I

1690-1711
his brother

King of the Romans

1711-1740

Charles VII

1742-1745
his brother Joseph's son-in-law

Francis I

1745-1765
his son-in-law; ggrandson of Ferdinand III


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