Person:Charles II of England (1)

Find records: marriage
Charles II , of England
m. May 1662
m.
  1. Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond1672 - 1723
  • HCharles II , of England1630 - 1685
  • WLucy Walter1630 - 1658
m.
  1. James FitzRoy1649 - 1685
  2. Mary Walters1651 - 1693
  • HCharles II , of England1630 - 1685
  • WMary DavisABT 1648 -
m.
  1. Mary Tudur1673 - 1726
  • HCharles II , of England1630 - 1685
  • WNell Gwyn1650 - 1687
m.
  1. Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans1670 - 1726
m.
  1. Charlotte Jemima FitzRoy1650 - 1684
Facts and Events
Name Charles II , of England
Gender Male
Birth[1] 29 May 1630 Greater London, EnglandSt. James's Palace, House of Stuart
Marriage May 1662 Portsmouth, Hampshire, Englandto Catherine of Braganza
Marriage  Cohabitation without marriage formalities?  
to Barbara Villiers
Marriage  Cohabitation without marriage formalities?  
to Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth
Marriage  Cohabitation without marriage formalities?  
to Lucy Walter
Marriage  Cohabitation without marriage formalities?  
to Mary Davis
Marriage  Cohabitation without marriage formalities?  
to Nell Gwyn
Marriage  Cohabitation without marriage formalities?  
to Elizabeth Killigrew, Viscountess Shannon
Death[1] 6 Feb 1685 Whitehall, Greater London, EnglandPalace of Whitehall, cause: stroke
Burial[1] Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland.

Charles II's father, King Charles I, was executed at Whitehall on 30 January 1649, at the climax of the English Civil War. Although the Parliament of Scotland proclaimed Charles II King of Great Britain and Ireland in Edinburgh on 6 February 1649, the English Parliament instead passed a statute that made any such proclamation unlawful. England entered the period known as the English Interregnum or the English Commonwealth, and the country was a de facto republic, led by Oliver Cromwell. Cromwell defeated Charles II at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651, and Charles fled to mainland Europe. Cromwell became virtual dictator of England, Scotland and Ireland, and Charles spent the next nine years in exile in France, the United Provinces and the Spanish Netherlands.

A political crisis that followed the death of Cromwell in 1658 resulted in the restoration of the monarchy, and Charles was invited to return to Britain. On 29 May 1660, his 30th birthday, he was received in London to public acclaim. After 1660, all legal documents were dated as if he had succeeded his father as king in 1649.

Charles's English parliament enacted laws known as the Clarendon Code, designed to shore up the position of the re-established Church of England. He acquiesced to the Clarendon Code even though he favoured a policy of religious tolerance. The major foreign policy issue of his early reign was the Second Anglo-Dutch War. In 1670, he entered into the secret treaty of Dover, an alliance with his first cousin King Louis XIV of France. Louis agreed to aid Charles in the Third Anglo-Dutch War and pay Charles a pension, and Charles secretly promised to convert to Catholicism at an unspecified future date. Charles attempted to introduce religious freedom for Catholics and Protestant dissenters with his 1672 Royal Declaration of Indulgence, but the English Parliament forced him to withdraw it. In 1679, Titus Oates's revelations of a supposed "Popish Plot" sparked the Exclusion Crisis when it was revealed that Charles's brother and heir (James, Duke of York) was a Catholic. The crisis saw the birth of the pro-exclusion Whig and anti-exclusion Tory parties. Charles sided with the Tories, and, following the discovery of the Rye House Plot to murder Charles and James in 1683, some Whig leaders were killed or forced into exile. Charles dissolved the English Parliament in 1681, and ruled alone until his death on 6 February 1685. He was received into the Catholic Church on his deathbed.

Charles II was popularly known as the Merry Monarch, in reference to both the liveliness and hedonism of his court and the general relief at the return to normality after over a decade of rule by Oliver Cromwell and the Puritans. Charles's wife, Catherine of Braganza, bore no live children, but Charles acknowledged at least twelve illegitimate children by various mistresses. As his illegitimate children were excluded from the succession, he was succeeded by his brother James.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Charles II of England. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Charles II of England, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2.   Descendants of Charles II of England, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  3.   Charles II Stuart, King of Great Britain, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  4.   Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), Volume 3 page 176.
  5.   King Charles II, in Find A Grave.