Person:Benedict Arnold (9)

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General Benedict Arnold, V
b.3 Jan 1740/41 Norwich, Connecticut
d.14 Jun 1801 London, England
m. 8 Nov 1733
  1. General Benedict Arnold, V1740/41 - 1801
  2. Hannah Arnold1742 - 1803
  3. Mary Arnold1745 -
  4. Absolom King Arnold1747 -
  5. Elizabeth Arnold1749 -
  6. Absolom Arnold1750 -
  7. Mary Arnold1753 -
  8. Elizabeth Arnold1755 -
m. 27 Feb 1767
  1. Benedict Arnold1768 -
  2. Richard Arnold1769 - 1847
  3. Henry Arnold1772 - 1825
m. 8 Apr 1779
  1. Edward Shippen Arnold1780 - 1813
  2. James Robertson Arnold1781 -
  3. George Arnold1787 - 1828
  4. William Fitch Arnold1795 - 1846
Facts and Events
Name General Benedict Arnold, V
Gender Male
Birth[1] 3 Jan 1740/41 Norwich, Connecticut
Alt Marriage 22 FEB 1767 Newhaven, Connecticut, USAto Margaret Mansfield
Marriage 27 Feb 1767 to Margaret Mansfield
Marriage 8 Apr 1779 Philadelphia, Pennsylvaniato Margaret Shippen
Alt Marriage 08 APR 1779 Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USAto Margaret Shippen
Death[1] 14 Jun 1801 London, England


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Benedict Arnold ([1]June 14, 1801) was a general during the American Revolutionary War who originally fought for the American Continental Army but defected to the British Army. While a general on the American side, he obtained command of the fortifications at West Point, New York (future site of the U.S. Military Academy after 1802), overlooking the cliffs at the Hudson River (upriver from British- occupied New York City), and planned to surrender it to the British forces. After the plan was exposed in September 1780, he was commissioned into the British Army as a brigadier general.

Born in Connecticut, Arnold was a merchant operating ships on the Atlantic Ocean when the war broke out in 1775. After joining the growing army outside Boston, he distinguished himself through acts of intelligence and bravery. His actions included the Capture of Fort Ticonderoga in 1775, defensive and delaying tactics despite losing the Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain in 1776, the Battle of Ridgefield, Connecticut (after which he was promoted to major general), operations in relief of the Siege of Fort Stanwix, and key actions during the pivotal Battles of Saratoga in 1777, in which he suffered leg injuries that ended his combat career for several years.

Despite Arnold's successes, he was passed over for promotion by the Continental Congress while other officers claimed credit for some of his accomplishments. Adversaries in military and political circles brought charges of corruption or other malfeasance, but most often he was acquitted in formal inquiries. Congress investigated his accounts and found he was indebted to Congress after spending much of his own money on the war effort. Frustrated and bitter at this, as well the alliance with France and failure of Congress to accept Britain's 1778 proposal to grant full self-governance in the colonies, Arnold decided to change sides and opened secret negotiations with the British. In July 1780, he was offered, continued to pursue and was awarded command of West Point. Arnold's scheme to surrender the fort to the British was exposed when American forces captured British Major John André carrying papers that revealed the plot. Upon learning of André's capture, Arnold fled down the Hudson River to the British sloop-of-war Vulture, narrowly avoiding capture by the forces of George Washington, who had been alerted to the plot.

Arnold received a commission as a brigadier general in the British Army, an annual pension of £360, and a lump sum of over £6,000.[2] He led British forces on raids in Virginia, and against New London and Groton, Connecticut, before the war effectively ended with the American victory at Yorktown. In the winter of 1782, Arnold moved to London with his second wife, Margaret "Peggy" Shippen Arnold. He was well received by King George III and the Tories, but frowned upon by the Whigs. In 1787, he returned to the merchant business with his sons Richard and Henry in Saint John, New Brunswick. He returned to London to settle permanently in 1791, where he died ten years later.

Because of the way he changed sides, his name quickly became a in the United States for treason or betrayal. His conflicting legacy is recalled in the ambiguous nature of some of the memorials that have been placed in his honor.


Other Profiles

The Maine (Bangor) Historical Magazine has a short article compiling various Maine perspectives on Benedict Arnold.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Benedict Arnold. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Benedict Arnold, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2.   Rhoades, Nelson Osgood. Colonial Families of the United States of America, Vol. 7.
  3.   Bullock, J Russell. History and Genealogy of Stukely Westcott.