Person:Arnulf I, Count of Flanders (1)

Arnulf I "The Great" , Count of Flanders
Facts and Events
Name[3] Arnulf I "The Great" , Count of Flanders
Alt Name Arnolph
Gender Male
Birth[3] abt 890 Vlaanderen, Belgium
Alt Birth? abtT 890 Ghent, Flanders
Alt Burial? Gent, , Belgium
Occupation? Graaf van Vlaanderen 918-964
Other? House of Flanders
Marriage abt 934 to Adele , of Vermandois
Death[2][3][9] 27 MAR 964 Gent, Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium
Burial? St Pierre Abby, Gand

Arnulf I of Flanders (c.890-March 27, 965), known as Arnulf the Great, was the third count of Flanders. Arnulf was the son of count Baldwin II of Flanders and Ælfthryth, daughter of Alfred the Great. He was named after his distant ancestor, Saint Arnulf of Metz; this was intended to emphasize his family's descent from the Carolingian royal house. Arnulf greatly expanded Flemish rule to the south, taking all or part of Artois, Ponthieu, Amiens, and Ostravent. He exploited the conflicts between Charles the Simple and Robert I of France, and later those between Louis IV and his barons.

In his southern expansion Arnulf inevitably had conflict with the Normans, who were trying to secure their northern frontier. This led to the 942 murder of the Duke of Normandy, William Longsword, at the hands of Arnulf's men. The Viking threat was receding during the later years of Arnulf's life, and he turned his attentions to the reform of the Flemish government. In 934 he married Adèle (Attala) of Vermandois, daughter of Heribert II of Vermandois. Their children were:

  • Baldwin III of Flanders
  • Luitgard, married Wichmann, Count of Ghent
  • Egbert, died 953
  • Elftrude, married Siegfried, Count of Guines

Arnulf made his eldest son and heir Baldwin III of Flanders co-ruler in 958, but Baldwin died untimely in 962, so Arnulf was succeeded by Baldwin's infant son, Arnulf II of Flanders.

Through his descendants Matilda of Flanders and Henry I of England, he was an ancestor to the present-day British royal family including Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.


Graaf van Vlaanderen sinds 918, oudste zoon van, Boudewijn II, van wie hij het grootste (noordelijke) deel van het graafschap erfde. Na de dood van zijn broer Adalulf legde hij wederrechtelijk de hand op diens deel (933) dat de streek van Terwaan en Boulogne omvatte. Hij wist Oosterbant, Artesië, Ponthieu en de streek van Amiens te veroveren, waardoor Vlaanderen tot voorbij de Somme reikte. Uit vrees voor de onbestendigheid van zijn territoriale aanwinsten deed Arnulf een beroep op de clerus om zijn veroveringen duurzaam en eenvormig te maken via een sterke religieuze ideologie. Zo wierp hij zich op als verdediger van de hervormingen die Gerardus van Brogne in de abdijen van zijn graafschap wilde doorvoeren. Uit zijn (tweede) huwelijk met Adela, dochter van Herbert II van Vermandois, had hij een zoon, Boudewijn III, die over een deel van het graafschap regeerde van 958 tot zijn vroegtijdige dood in 96 2. Een opstand van de zonen van Adalulf veroorzaakte een crisis die Arnulf dwong het graafschap toe te vertrouwen aan de Franse koning Lotharius tot de meerderjarigheid van zijn kleinzoon Arnulf II.

References
  1.   Arnulf I, Count of Flanders, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).

    the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

    Arnulf of Flanders (c. 890 – March 28, 965), called the Great, was the third Count of Flanders, who ruled the County of Flanders, an area that is now northwestern Belgium and southwestern Netherlands.

  2. (CH1)Pedigrees of Some of The Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants Vol. I, p.235.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Weis, Frederick Lewis; Walter Lee Sheppard; and David Faris. Ancestral roots of certain American colonists, who came to America before 1700: the lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and some of their descendants. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Pub. Co., 7th Edition c1992), p. 142.
  4.   Karel de Grote reeks 2 - Van der Meijden.
  5.   KdG reeks 18 Wierdeman Molendijk.
  6.   Arnulf 'the Great', Comte de Flandre, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  7.   ARNOUL de Flandre, son of BAUDOUIN II "le Chauve" Count of Flanders & his wife Ælfthryth of Wessex ([885/890]-murdered 27 Mar 964, bur Gent, St Pieter), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  8.   Arnulf (Arnoul) I "the Great" or "the Old" (Arnulfus Magnus, Arnulfus Vetulus), in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
  9. Begraven in de Sint Pieter