Person:Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria (1680–1741) (1)

Watchers
Erzherzogin Maria Elisabeth von Österreich
Facts and Events
Name Erzherzogin Maria Elisabeth von Österreich
Gender Female
Birth[1][2] 13 Dec 1680 Linz, Oberösterreich, Austria
Death[1][2] 26 Aug 1741 Morlanwelz, Hainaut, BelgiumSchloß Mariemont
Alt Burial[2] Vienna, Wien, Austria Kapuzinergruft
Burial[2] The City of Brussels, Brabant, Belgium


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria (Linz 13 February 1680 – Mariemont, Morlanwelz 26 August 1741), was the governor of the Austrian Netherlands between 1725 and 1741.

Maria Elisabeth was a daughter of Emperor Leopold I and Eleonore-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg. She well educated and fluent in Latin, German, French and Italian. She never married. In 1725, she was appointed Prince Eugene of Savoy's successor as the regent governor of the Austrian Netherlands by her brother, Charles VI.

Maria Elisabeth was described as a forceful administrator and a popular regent. Her independent politics, however, were not always appreciated in Vienna. She suspended the East India Company in 1727 and closed it in 1731.

She had enough financial means at her disposal to uphold an elaborate court which stimulated culture and music. Among others, she patronized Jean-Joseph Fiocco, her maestro di cappella who dedicated several oratorios to her between 1726 and 1738. The architect Jean-Andre Anneessens designed the palace Mariemont for her, where she spent her summers.

She died suddenly and unexpectedly at Mariemont, upon which she was displayed at a public Lit-de-parade in Brussels 29 August. When she died at the age of 61, she was first buried in Brussels, but moved to Vienna in 1749, where she lies now in the Imperial Crypte next to her brother Charles.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria (1680–1741). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria (1680–1741), in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Hamann, Brigitte,„Maria Elisabeth“, in Neue Deutsche Biographie. (Berlin: Duncker und Humblot, c1953-), 16 (1990), S. 190 f. .