Andrew Cowan, of Beverley Manor, Augusta County, VA
- H. Andrew Cowan, of Beverley Manor, Augusta County, VAEst 1720/25 -
- W. Mary (add)
Facts and Events
||Andrew Cowan, of Beverley Manor, Augusta County, VA
||probably Virginiato Mary (add)
Andrew Cowan was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
- Person:Andrew Cowan (5)
- Person:Andrew Cowan (6)
- Data. Cowan's in Chalkley's Chronicles, name ordered
- Analysis:Identity of Andrew Cowan of Castle's Woods
- Notebook:Deli Jim's Notes on Andrew Cowan (18)
- Source:Taylor, 1944 Cowan corridors Andrew Cowan of Jefferson County TN.
|This article is for the Andrew Cowan who lived on Beverley's Manor in Old Augusta County prior to the Revolution. Old Augusta records for him (see Data. Cowan's in Chalkley's Chronicles, name ordered) begin in 1749 when he acquires land on Beverley's manor. This suggests that he was born before 1729, and is not the Andrew Cowan who is shown in Tinkling Springs Baptismal records as being bornin 1741.  and continue with considerable frequency through the 1766. His property was located just south of modern Staunton, and a mile or so north of land owned by John Cowan.|
Andrew was co-owner of this property with William Cowan. Andrew, John and William are presumably kindred, but their exact family relationship is not known.
There is a good case to be made that this is the same person as Andrew Cowan of Washington County, Virginia. However, this is not certain.
There are few records in Augusta County to assist in the reconstruction of this Andrew Cowan's family. We known he was living in "Beverley Manor" by about 1746 when he witnessed the deed of James Cowan, a possible sibling, who had acquired land from John Buchanan, also in Beverley Manor. The name of Andrew's wife was Mary, as listed in an Augusta County deed in 1778. From the processioning list of 1760, we know he had a son (perhaps an adult?) prior to that date. There is also a record of letter from Andrew Cowan to a 'loving brother" David Cowan (see David Cowan (1)), who was living in nearby Albemarle County, Virginia in 1766. We also know, from that same letter to his brother David Cowan, that Andrew Cowan was planning on migrating to "Carolina", and was gone from Augusta County well prior to 1780. There is also a probable relationship for Andrew Cowan to a William Cowan, that acquired land adjoining Andrew's in 1771, who could be a sibling, or perhaps a son (additional records are necessary to prove any relationship). Additional research is needed to locate a will (possibly in Carolina) or other records that can assist in the identification of Andrew Cowan's family.
The last record that clearly shows Andrew living in the area comes in 1765 when he is included in a list of men who have incurred costs related to the local militia:
April 15 1765 James Bell, provisions. Wm. Bell, provisions. Wm. McCutcheon, provisions and horse impressed. John Rosemond, provisions. Andrew Cowan, enlisting men to garrison Fort Lewis. Walter Trimble, provisions. Thos. Alexander, provisions. John Francis, provisions. James Kirk, provisions. Rob. Armstrong, provisions. Wm. Christian, self et als., ranging. Loftus Pullen, provisions. Rob. Christian, provisions. Danl. O'Freild, provisions. Thos. Poage, provisions. Charles Kilpatrick, provisions. George Moffett, for Wm. Mann et als. Benj. Estill, horse impressed. Andrew Hamilton, provisions. Wm. McClenachan, provisions. Wm. McKarney, self et als., ranging.
A letter, dated January 13, 1766, was entered into court records (for reasons unknown) that demonstrate his intent to move to "Carolina".
Cowan vs. Cowan Letter of Andrew Cowan to David Cowan, living in Albemarle, dated January 13, 1766. Loving Brother: This comes to let you know that we are all in good health at present, blessed be God for his mercies. Hoping that these few lines will find you in the same, I desire that you will go to James Cowans and ask him for a note of mine that lies in my little trunk--a note of 2 pounds and five shillings, which William Teas(?) is due me against March 25, and get the money for I am going to Carolina. I have nothing material to write you, but desire to be remembered to you all.
Thereafter, records for Andrew Cowan drop off significantly, with the last record dated 1780. Most, if not all, of these latter records can be interpreted as though he has left the area. At least two records show him living in Southwest Virginia.
29th August. 1777. List of those indebted to the estate of Roger North--Molly Mathews, Michael Diveyer, John Paris, Taylor, Edward Brayton, Mary Dillon, Wm. Collen, Carolina; Rev. Adam Smith, Margaret Mountfield, Hannah Sires, Robt Jameson, Prince Edward; Andrew Cowen, Holstein...."
McKenney vs. Preston--O. S. 308; N. S. 110--John Montgomery of Russel County, aged 47 years, deposes, 11th March, 1811, in 1778 Andrew Cowan and Thos. Osborn went down to improve a piece of land on a creek they called Black Water at the Flat Lick, and on their return they came by Kooser's (Hoovers) cabin. Black Water is a north Branch of Clynch.
These records would seem to indicate that Andrew left the area by about 1767, settling first somewhere in the Carolina's, and later relocating to Southwest Virginia. This interpretation is consistent with identifying him as the well known person:Andrew Cowan (6) who appears as a Gentleman Justice in Southwest Virginia court records. Factors in favor of this interpretation include:
- a) The wife of person:Andrew Cowan (6) is commonly identified as Mary Walker, daughter of John Walker III of the Wigton Walker line. The wife of Andrew Cowan (18) is identified in Augusta County Court records as "Mary", as indicated in the following land transaction:
20th November, 1778. Andrew Cowan, Sr., and Mary to David Kerr and Robert Donaldson, plantation that Andrew and William Cowan lived on.
- b) Mary's parent, John Walker and Ann Houston, are believed to have lived on Walkers Creek on Borden's Grant, a mile or two southwest of where Andrew Cowan's property lay. A marriage between Mary and Andrew is plausible based on proximity.
- c) The David Cowan of Albemarle County, to whom Andrew wrote of his plans in 1766, is known to have moved sometime between 1766 and 1769, settling in Castle's Woods in Southwest Virginia.
The above data is indicative, but not conclusive, that Andrew Cowan (18) is in fact the same person identified on WeRelate as Andrew Cowan (6). This, however, is not a clear cut answer, as there appear to be two Andrew Cowan's in the area, one designated "Sr.", the other "Jr.".
Woods vs. Andrew Cowan Jr. --- "The Sheriff having returned that the second time it came to my hand, I tell as before, he is out of the County." Oct 22 1765
18th August, 1778. William Cowan and Elizabeth ( ), of Rockbridge County, to Andrew Cowan, Sr.
20th November, 1778. Andrew ( ) Cowan, Sr., and Mary ( ) to David Kerr and Robert Donaldson, plantation that Andrew and William Cowan lived on.
These are the only three records present in Chalkley that make the distinction between Jr. and Sr., the first, in which the Sheriff notes that Andrew Jr. is "out of the County" is the only one that refers to Andrew Cowan Jr. We don't know the relationship between Andrew Sr. and Andrew Jr., as they might be father and son, cousins, or of no relationship at all. Given the fact that the distinction between Jr. and Sr. is made in only three out of X records suggests that there had heretofor been no reason for him to be distinguished from Andrew Sr. (ie, his name had not come up in court cases, or other civil records.)
The record that Andrew Jr. has left the county appears about four months prior to the letter from Andrew Cowan to David Cowan, in which Andrew states "I am going to Carolina". This suggests that the letter writer is still in Augusta County, and therefor not the one that the Sheriff couldn't find. from this we can probably conclude that the letter writer is "Andrew Sr.", and that it is "andrew Sr." whose wife is "Mary", and who later sells the Beverley's Manor property. This also suggests that it is Andrew Sr. who settled in Southwest Virginia.
Another complication is the fact that person:Andrew Cowan (5), who settled in Jefferson County, TN, sometime after the Revolution, is commonly identified as Person:Andrew Cowan (6). Those who give this identity state that Andrew (5) was married twice, first to "Mary Walker", and later to Jane Thompson. They hold that shortly after the Revolution Andrew Cowan (6) relocated to Jefferson County. There are two problems with this view:
- a) While Andrew (5) was clearly married twice (based on his estate records) no direct evidence has been pointed to show that his first wife was in fact a "Mary".
- b) Court records for Andrew Cowan in Southwest Virginia show that he continued to serve as a Gentleman Justice in Southwest Virginia, long after the death of Andrew (5) in Jefferson County.
From this we know that Andrew (4) and Andrew (5) are two distinct persons, and that Andrew(20) is the same person as Andrew (4). The identity of "Andrew Jr." in the Augusta County Court records is as yet undetermined. It is possible that he is in fact Andrew (5), but direct evidence to evaluate that that needs to be developed.
Location of Andrew Cowan's land (Beverley Manor NW, prob. 400 acres originally surveyed for James Bell, bef. 27 Feb. 1749) as shown on the map meticulously drawn by J.R. Hildebrand, cartographer. This map is copyrighted©, used by permission of John Hildebrand, son of J.R. Hildebrand, April, 2009. As listed in the records below, the land surveyed for James Bell (most likely the 400 acre tract highlighted in brown) came into the possession of Andrew Cowan (by means unknown, prior to 27 February 1749). Andrew was clearly living in this area prior to 1746, based upon his witnessing a deed from John Buchanan to James Cowan (possible brother) and in processioning lists and records of neighboring settlers. There is another unlabeled tract (labeled as "1751", highlighted in green) that MAY be another possible location of Andrew's land. James Bell may have somehow re-acquired his land by some means, because there are two deeds recorded later of him selling two 200-acre parcels (again, the 400-acre tract or other tract?). Andrew Cowan later acquired all or part of the neighboring tract of William Cowan, a possible brother to Andrew (more research necessary to establish any relationship).
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 334.--18th August, 1778. William Cowan and Elizabeth ( ), of Rockbridge County, to Andrew Cowan, Sr. (Note: William Cowan appears to be the brother of Andrew, Sr.).
Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 391.--20th November, 1778. Andrew ( ) Cowan, Sr., and Mary ( ) to David Kerr and Robert Donaldson, plantation that Andrew and William Cowan lived on.
This land is referenced in the following record:
- Page 403.--17th November, 1778. David Kerr to Robert Donaldson, 230 acres, part of the tract that Andrew Cowan lived on in Beverley Manor. (See deed Donaldson to Kerr next succeedinng.)
- "Processioning" was the periodic review and agreement of property lines between settler's lands. Processioning Lists are useful in determining the general area of a settlers lands and their neighbors at specific time periods:
- Page 19.--Robert Christian and James Caldwell report, viz: 1747-8, 24th February, processioned for Arthur Hamilton; processioned for James Moody, present Robert Wilson; processioned for James Wilson; 26th February, processioned for Andrew Cowan, present Robert Wilson; processioned for James Caldwell, present John and William Caldwell; 27th February, processioned for James Armstrong, present John and William Caldwell; 28th February, processioned for James Armstrong, present Wm. Armstrong and John Davison; 1st March, processioned for Isaac McCully; processioned for Wm. Long, present John Long; 2d March, processioned for James Bell, present Gabriel Alexander; 3d March, processioned for James Alexander; processioned for Thomas Black, present Wm. Johnson; 4th March, processioned for Robert Cunningham; processioned for Wm. Henderson, present, Thomas Black; processioned for Geo. Rutlidge, present Wm. Henderson; 6th March, processioned for Geo. Caldwell, present Wm. Caldwell and Wm. Henderson; processioned for John, Robert, William Christian; 10th March, processioned for Thos. Stewart, present James and John Black. 8th March, 1747-8, Edward Hall's land not processioned, there being a dispute between the said Hall and Col. Patton, not at home.
- Page 281.--1760: Processioned by Jones Henderson, viz: For David and John Black, for Wm. McNab (son present), for Nathan Gilliland, for John Bigam, for Andrew Cowan (son present), for James Peerey, for Elijah McClenachan, for John Cowlter, for Andrew Scott (son present), for Samuel Caldwell.
From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records: (Note: there was more than one Andrew Cowan in Augusta County during the mid-1700's, some later records may be for a different Andrew).
- Page 177.--18th February, 1746. John Buchanan, yeoman, to James Cowan, £18.10.0 current money Virginia; 374 acres in B. M. in Patrick Campbell's line; Reed and Moor's land; Col. Patton's land. Witnesses, Andrew Cowen, Robert Foyle, James Trimble. Acknowledged, 18th February, 1746. (Note: the Andrew Cowan that witnessed the deed of James Cowan in Beverley Manor was most likely born prior to 1726, which very well could have been this Andrew Cowan. This also may be the James Cowan that is listed in the "Cowan vs. Cowan" letter, presented below. James Cowan and Andrew MAY have been siblings, additional research is needed to prove any relationship).
- Page 263.--21st May, 1747. James Bell to Thomas Armstrong, £20 current money Virginia; 400 acres on a branch of Cathey's River called Jennings Branch. Teste: Andrew Cowen, James Bell, Jr.; Thos. Rutlidge Acknowledged, 21st May, 1747. Rachel releases dower.
- Page 542.(Abt. May 1748)--Same as to Andrew Cowen's deed. (Note: this is in reference to the following record):
- Page 540.--Commission to Thomas Waring, James Garnet, Benj. Winslow and Francis Waring, Gent., Justices of Essex County, to privately examine Elizabeth, wife of Wm. Beverley, as to release of dower in land conveyed, 12th and 13th August, 1747, to James Lynn, 500 acres on head branches of Shanando, 21st September, 1748. Executed, and dower released, 6th February, 1749.
- Page 485.--8th May, 1748. £20. James Moody and Rebecca, his wife, to Robert Wilson, 185 acres, part of the land James now lives on; corner to James Wilson, a Spanish oak; corner Nicholas Leeper. Teste: Andrew Cowen, James Leeper, Chas. Dalhouse. Acknowledged, and dower released, 18th May, 1748.
- Page 458.--27th February, 1749. Same (From William Beverley) to William Currey, 360 acres Beverley Manor. Corner tract first surveyed for James Bell, now in possession of Andrew Cowin. Corner William Nutt. Tract surveyed for Adam Thompson, now belonging to Robert McClenachan. Corner Samuel McCorkall's land. Corner to James Moody; Cowin's line. Teste: Arthur Hamilton, John Linn, George Anderson.
- Page 324.--27th November, 1749. John Stephenson to Henry Kirkham Buffalo Creek. Teste: Andrew Cowan, William Hall.
- Page 757.--22d May, 1750. James Lynn to Andrew Lynn, 269 acres in Beverley Manor, Saml. Doak's line. Burner Hill; corner Jno. Teat and Saml. Wilson. Teste: Andrew Cowan, Elijah McClenachan, John Ramsey.
- Page 69.--28th November, 1750. Wm. Nutt to John Buchanan, 416-1/2 acres dated 27th July, 1744, part of 650 acres conveyed by Beverley by decree of Orange Co. Same land involved in suit in Orange, Nutt vs. Gibbins Jennings and Wm. Beverley, conveyed by Beverley to Nutt, 13th August, 1745; corner John Coulter, Mill Creek; corner James McCorkals, etc., water grist mill. Eleanor, wife of Wm. Nutt. Teste: Andrew Cowan, John Rutledge, Francis Beatey.
- Page 65.--29th November, 1750. Robert Campbell, Gent., to James Barrey, 149 acres in Beverley Manor, adjoining Glebe land; Wm. Martin's corner, Middle Br. Shanandoe; corner James Young; corner to a graveyard. Teste: David Stewart, Andrew Cowan, John Mitchell.
- Page 348.--29th May, 1751. John Mills to Samuel Akerling, 100 acres on Little River of Woods River; patented to John, 15th September, 1749. Teste: Andrew Cowan.
- Page 214.--20th May, 1752. Robert McCorkal to William Marshall, 269 acres. Wm. Nutt's Mill Creek of Christian's Creek in Beverley Manor; James Caldwell's line. Teste: Edward Hall, Andrew Cowan, James McCorkall.
- Page 230.--15th February, 1758. John Black's will, yeoman--Wife, Isabell; sons, David and John, executors; son, Samuel; son, William Brown Teste: Adam Thompson, Moses Thompson, Andrew Cowan. Produced 16th March, 1758, and not being signed, Samuel Black, the heir-at-law, gave his consent. It was then proved by Adam Thompson and Cowan. David Black qualified.
- Page 261.-- (Abt. 1760)- Nathaniel Davise and Sarah to Francis McDonnall, £34, 150 acres in Beverley Manor; corner Arthur Hamilton; corner Samuel Downey; corner James Gilmer. Teste: Andrew Cowan, Arthur Hamilton.
- Page 472.--3d June, 1762. George Bigham, late of Augusta, to Robert Erwin, yeoman, £32.6, 251 acres on Muddy Creek of Shanando. Teste: Andrew Cowan, Robert Hamilton and James ( ) McNabb. Acknowledged, 17th August, 1762. Delivered: Francis Erwin, 9th July, 1773.
- Page 180.--19th February, 1763. Robert McClenachan and Sarah to John McClenachan, £250, 310 acres by deed from James Armstrong on North Branch Christians Creek, small island in said creek; corner James Caldwell; corner Alexander McClenachan. Also 190 acres from Beverley on Christian's Creek; corner Wm. Nut's land; corner tract surveyed for Andrew Cowen, James Caldwell's line. Delivered: Alexander Sinclair per order, 13th December, 1773.
- Page 130.--18th March, 1771. William Currey to James Currey, £20, 130 acres in Beverley Manor; corner McCorkel's land; corner James Moody, Andrew Cowan's line; corner William Curry. Teste: George McAfee. Wliliam Cowan. Delivered: James Curry, 1st June, 1773.
- Page 334.--29th August, 1777. List of those indebted to the estate of Roger North-- Andrew Cowen, Holstein.
- MARCH, 1770 (E). - Cowan vs. Cowan.--Letter of Andrew Cowan to David Cowan, living in Albemarle, dated January 13, 1766. Loving Brother: This comes to let you know that we are all in good health at present, blessed be God for his mercies. Hoping that these few lines will find you in the same, I desire that you will go to James Cowan's and ask him for a note of mine that lies in my little trunk--a note of 2 pounds and five shillings, which William Teas(?) is due me against March 25, and get the money, for I am going to Carolina. I have nothing material to write you, but desire to be remembered to you all.
- Page 288.--1st May, 1780. David Keer to William Gilkison, of Frederick County, part of tract that Andrew Cowan formerly lived on in Bveerley Manor, Dr. Jackson's line.
- Vol. 2 - McKenney vs. Preston - O. S. 308; N. S. 110 - (excerpt) Elisha Wallen, aged 27, deposes. Caveat, 12th August, 1799, by John Mackenny and Elisha Adams against John Donnell, assignee of Andrew Cowan and John Campbell, Jr., for 400 acres in Lee County on North Fork Clinch... Andrew Cowan came to the western country and settled in now Russell County, when danger from Indians was great. Obtained in 1781 certificate in right of settlement. Surrounding lands were taken up before 1781 and Cowan laid his certificate at the Big Bottom, on North Fork of Clinch, and received a certificate. Cowan sold to orator John Donnell, who sold half to John Campbell, who sold to orator Robert.
Records in Russell County, VA
- The First Court of Russell County. - On 9 May, 1786, the first court of Russell County was held in the Castles Woods settlement at the home of William Roberson. Governor Patrick Henry issued commissions to Justices to preside. The Justices were Alexander Barnett, Henry Smith, Daniel Ward, Andrew Cowan, Samuel Ritchie, Thomas Carter, Henry Dickenson and John Thompson.
- Andrew Cowan and Thomas Carter were chosen to represent the county in the General Assembly (House of Delegates).
- Appointed as county militia officers were: Colonel Henry Smith, Lieutenant Colonel Andrew Cowan, Major Charles Cocke, Captains David Ward, William Thompson, William Dorton, Charles Bickley, Francis Browning, James Davidson, Samuel Ritchie, Josiah Fugate and William Martin. Lieutenants were: Alexander Barnett, John Bowen, Charles Hays, John Tate, James Osborn, Samuel Roberson, Elisha Farris, Thomas Carter, Moses Skeggs and John Van Bebber. Ensigns were: Samuel Young, John Thompson, Robert Tate, Henry Hamblin, Solomon Litton, William Byrd, Benjamin Nichalson, Joseph Johnson and William Ewing. 
- 20 Nov 1797 - Russell County, Virginia - Pursuant to a direction of the worshipful Court of Russell county, I do hereby certify that the following Gentlemen are in Commission of the peace in and for the county of Russell. Those that now act are as follows, to wit: Henry Smith, David Ward, Andrew Cowan, Samuel Ritchie, Thomas Carter, John Thompson, Charles Brickley, Richard Price, John Tate, James Gibson, Samuel Robinson, John Smith, Samuel Ewing, and James Dickinson, Gentlemen. Those that have removed are: Alexander Barnett, John Frazer, Charles Cocke, Joshua Ewing, and Christopher Cooper, Gentleman. James Wharton, Gentleman, is dead. James Scott refuses to qualify. Given under my hand his 20th day of November, 1797. Henry Dickinson, C.R.C. [Sherwin McRae, "Calendar of State Papers", Vol 7?, p. 453]
- ↑ This assumes that the baptism was not an adult baptism.