m. Abt. 1710
Facts and Events
Alexander Dunlap was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Early Land Transactions in Augusta County, VA
Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County:
Estate Records of Alexander Dunlap
Records of Alexander Dunlap in Augusta County, VA
Biography of Alexander Dunlap
Captain Alexander Dunlap came first to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, then traveled southward into the Shenandoah Valley at the head of the James River. He became the first owner of Goshen Pass, then called Dunlap Gap and Strickler's Pass. It extends from near the mouth of the Little Calfpasture to Wilson's Springs, a distance of five miles. Just below the mouth of the tributary mentioned, North River begins "its sinuous passage of the North Mountain."
The first settler of Calfpasture was Alexander Dunlap, who came in 1743. He was accompanied by his wife, four children and an indentured servant, Abraham Mushaw. At this date there was no settler any farther west, Dunlap's cabin stood near the spot now occupied by the Allegheny Inn." "Other people came almost as soon as Dunlap." His land consisted of the pasture region known as the Great Calf Pasture River (Greenbriar River). This was the furthermost settlement in Virginia at that time. In 1743, the Indians were threatening the Valley and his Fort (all houses were forts) being the most extended on the frontier, he was commissioned "Captain of the Horse," of the Virginia Militia. Two son's, Ohio explorers John and Colonel Alexander Dunlap, purchased land in Ohio.
Information on Alexander Dunlap
DUNLAP - Alexander Dunlap, the first settler on the Calfpasture and first owner of the site of Goshen, died in 1744, leaving four children, John, Robert, Alexander, and Elizabeth.
In 1776 John Dunlap visited Ohio on a prospection tour, and acquired 7,000 acres in Ross county, the smaller of the two tracts including the old Shawnee town of Chillicothe. He also secured 1436 acres in Kentucky, but was furthermore the largest landholder in Rockbridge. He was married to Ann Clark, who was related to General George Rogers Clark, the ³Hannibal of the West², and his brother, Colonel William Clark of the famous Lewis and Clark expedition. Both these celebrities made visits to the Dunlaps. The family home was a large three-story brick mansion, built soon after the revolution and on the site of the Victoria furnace near Goshen. The house was torn down many years ago. The only member of this Dunlap family to stay in Rockbridge was James.
Robert, second son of the pioneer, fought at Point Pleasant and was an ensign in the battle of Guilford, where he was killed. It is said he refused to obey an order to retreat. He owned Aspen Grove and one other plantation in Rockbridge. His widow married James Coursey. Of the seven children of Robert Dunlap, Alexander settled in Monroe and Robert and John in Augusta. Anne and Margaret went with their husbands to Kentucky and Missouri, respectively. Only William and Agnes remained in this county, but the children of William went to Missouri. Robert, Jr. organized the first temperance society in the Valley of Virginia. William, Jr. a son of William, was one of the first men to explore Kansas. A grandson of William, Jr. is Boutwell Dunlap, of San Francisco, a lawyer and historian and formerly consul for Argentina. He is the author of a valuable contribution to American history: ³Augusta County in the History of the United States.² Among the progeny in the female line, in this family of the Dunlaps, are the Reverend O. E. Brown, of Vanderbilt University, church historian, and the Reverend W. M. Morrison, the missionary to Africa, whose exposure of the atrocities on the Congo roused the government of the United States and Europe to take action against the king of the Belgians.
Alexander Dunlap, Jr., went in early life to Kentucky, and later to Brown county, Ohio, where he built one of the very first houses of worship in that state of the Disciples communion.
The four Dunlaps, Samuel, David, Robert, and John, who purchased land inthe Borden Tract are believed to have been related to Alexander of the Calfpasture. They seem to have moved to the Carolinas.
John Dunlap came from Campbelltown, Scotland, in 1775, and settled at Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. Robert, one of his seven children, was born just before the family came to America, and located near Middlebrook in Augusta. Madison Dunlap, his son, came to Kerr's Creek about 1830. John Dunlap was grandfather to Major-General John D. Stevenson, of the United States army. He was great grandfather to Brigadier-General Robert N. Getty, of the same army, and to John R. Sterrett, the Greek scholar and archaeologist.
Few families in the South can surpass the Dunlaps of Rockbridge in exhibiting so many members who have been large landowners, or have been conspicuous in public, professional, or military life. The Dunlaps dispute with one other Rockbridge connection the honor of furnishing the most ministers to the Southern Presbyterian Church.
Source: A History of Rockbridge County, Virginia by Oren F. Morton, published in 1920.