Adèle de Champagne
b.1140 Blois, Loir-et-Cher, France
d.13 Jun 1206
m. abt 1123
Facts and Events
Adèle of Champagne (c. 1140 – 4 June 1206), also known as Adelaide and Alix, was the third wife of Louis VII of France (they married in November 1160, five weeks after his previous wife Constance of Castile had died at childbirth) and the mother of his only male heir, who became Philip II. She was the daughter of Theobald II of Champagne and Matilda of Carinthia.
She was active in the political life of the kingdom, along with her brothers Henry I of Champagne, Theobald V of Blois, and Guillaume aux Blanches Mains, archbishop of Reims. Henry and Theobald were married to daughters of Louis VII and his first wife, Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine. She and her brothers felt their position threatened when the heiress of Artois, Isabella of Hainault, married Adèle's son Philip. Adèle formed an alliance with Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy and Count Philip of Flanders, and even tried to interest Frederick Barbarossa. War broke out in 1181, and relations became so bad that Philip attempted to divorce Isabella in 1184.
Although her power decreased after the accession of Philip in 1180, she acted as regent of the kingdom in 1190 while Philip was away on the Third Crusade. She returned to the shadows when he returned in 1192 but participated in the founding of many abbeys.
She had two children with Louis VII of France: