Notebook:Benjamin Borden (1)


Image:Construct2 e0.gif This page is a stub, being used to capture information about a particular subject, in preparation for development of a formal article. Please note that some of the data, perhaps much of, or even all of the data, presented here is derived from secondary and tertiary sources. The intent is to eventually tie everything to an "original" or primary source, or at least to something that can be accepted as a surrogate for such a source. See Category:Stub Warnings For Southwest Virginia Project for a list of articles with stub warnings.

Notebook:Benjamin Borden (1)


Persons of Interest

Benjamin Borden (1)
Benjamin Borden (4)
Richard Borden (4)

Source Materials


Benjamin Borden Apr. 6, 1675-1743 from Source:Scott, 1907:

At October term following, Zachary Lewis, King's attorney, informed the Court that at the houses of Lewis Stilfy and John Smith several persons, the famous Benjamin Borden, a justice of the peace, being one of them, do keep unlawful and tumultuous meetings tending to rebellion. Scott, W. W. 1907. A history of Orange County, Virginia: from its formation in 1734 (o.s.) to the end of Reconstruction in 1870 : compiled mainly from original records, with a brief sketch of the beginnings of Virginia, a summary of local events to 1907, and a map. Richmond, Va: E. Waddey Co. From Source:Tyler, 1915 Borden, (Burden) Benjamin, was a merchant of New Jersey, who came to Virginia and became an agent for Lord Fairfax. He procured a grant for 500,000 acres of land on the upper waters of the Shenandoah and James rivers, comprising the southern part of Augusta and the whole of the present Rockbridge county. His surveyor was Capt. John McDowell. He died in 1742 and left issue a son Benjamin, who died in 1753, leaving issue. From Source:Withers, 1895:50 In the year 1736, Lewis, being in "Williamsburg, met with Benjamin Burden (who had then just come to the country as agent of Lord Fairfax, proprietor of the Northern Neck,) and on whom he prevailed to accompany him home. Burden remained at Lewis's the greater part of the summer, and on his return to Williamsburg, took with him a buffalo calf, which while hunting with Samuel2 and Andrew Lewis (elder sons of John) they had caught and afterwards tamed. He presented this calf to Gov. Gooch, who thereupon entered on his journal, [44] an order, authorizing Burden to locate conditionally, any quantity of land not exceeding 500,000 acres on any of the waters of the Shenandoah, or of James river west of the Blue ridge. The conditions of this grant were, that he should interfere with no previous grants—that he should settle 100 families, in ten years, within its limits; and should have 1000 acres adjoining each cabin which he should cause to be built, • with liberty to purchase any greater quantity adjoining, at the rate of fifty pounds per thousand acres. In order to effect a compliance with one of these conditions, Burden visited Great Britian in 1737; and on his return to Virginia brought with him upwards of one hundred families of adventurers, to settle on his grant. 1 Amongst these adventurers were, John Patton, son-in-law to Benjamin Burden, who settled on Catawba, above Pattonsburg (2) 1 Of the origin of Benjamin Borden, Sr. (the name was mispronounced Burden, on the frontier), little is known. He was probably from New Jersey, and early became a fur trader on the Virginia frontier; later he was in Lord Fairfax's employ as a land agent. As such, he visited Governor Gooch and obtained from him several valuable tracts—one of them (October 3, 171!4), Borden Manor, on Sprout run, Frederick county; another, 100,000 acres at the head of the James, on condition of locating thereon a hundred families. At the end of two years he had erected 92 cabins with as many families, and a patent was granted him November 8, 1739, for 92,100 acres. He died in 1742, before further development of his enterprise. His son Benjamin succeeded to his vast estate, but died of small-pox in 1753. In 1744, he married the widow of John McDowell, mentioned on the next page, who had been killed in the Indian fight of December 14, 1742.—R. G. T. 2. The daughter of John Patton subsequently became the wife of Col. W. Preston, and the mother of James Patton Preston, late a governor of Virginia. Comment by L. C. D.—This note of Mr. Withers, derived from Taylor's sketches (mentioned below), is erroneous both as to Patton and Preston. Col. Patton's first name was not John, but James, as both the records and his own autograph sufficiently attest. Neither did John Preston, nor his son Col. Wm. Preston, marry Col. Patton's daughter, but John Preston married his sister. Miss Elizabeth Patton, while crossing the Shannon in a boat, met the handsome John Preston, then a young ship carpenter, and an attachment grew out of their accidental meeting. But as Miss Patton belonged to the upper class of society, there was a wide gulf between their conditions, and a runaway match was the only way out of the difficulty. Gov. James Patton Preston was named after his grand- uncle. James Patton was born in County Londonderry, Ireland, in 1692. For many years he was a prosperous navigator, and crossed the Atlantic twenty-five times with " redemptioners " for Virginia; he was also an officer in the royal navy in the wars with the Netherlands. Having obtained a grant of 120,000 acres above the Blue Ridge, he himself settled in Virginia in 1735. A man of wealth, enterprise and influence, he was a justice, sheriff, Indian treaty commissioner, and finally county lieutenant of Augusta. In 1755, he was killed by Indians while conveying ammunition to the borderers.

Early Deeds

MySource:List of early deeds by Benjamin Borden

From Source:Armstrong and French, 1918

[Much of this is inaccurate, or at least is inconsistent with widely accepted family lineage data.]

The founder of the Borden family in America was Richard Borden, a son of Matthew Borden, church warden of Hedcorn Parish. County Kent, England, and his wife, Joan. Matthew Borden is traced back to Henry Borden of Hedcorn Parish who was born about 1375. and his wife, Robergia. The Borden family is of Norman-English origin; the origi- naj spelling of the name was Bourdon. There have been many variants on the name Borden, the most frequent being, at least in the American family, the form Burden.

Richard Borden, the immigrant, was born at Hedcorn and was baptized September 22, 1595. On September 28, 1625, he was married in Hedcorn church to Joan Fowle. In 1628 Richard and Joan (Fowle) Borden removed from the parish of Hedcorn to the neighboring parish of Cranbrook, thence in 1635 to New England, settling in Boston Neck, near Rox- bury. Massachusetts. In the spring of 1638, they became members of the first colony of settlers of Rhode Island. Richard Borden was one of the three men who laid out the original town of Portsmouth, Rhode Island, and according io Mussell (American Ancestry. Vol. VII). he was elected in 1654 treasurer of the United Colonies. The first five children of Richard and Joan (Fowle) Borden were born in England; the sixth, Matthew, born May 16. 1638, was the first white child born <\i\ Rhode Island/ In all then- were ^welve children. From the seventh, John, the Southern Boi'dens are descended. During the last ceuturv his descendants have greatly outnumbered those of all his brothers, and now they may be found in almost every state of the Union. He married Mary Earle, daughter of William and Mary (Walker) Earle. and granddaughter of Ralph and Jona Earle, who were also among the original setters of Rhode Island.

Jo'hn and Mary (Karle) Borden had nine children. Of these the sixth son and youngest child, Benjamin, born in Portsmouth 1692. inherited 5,000 acres of land in Pennsylvania and also acquired a large estate in New Jersey, where he settled. It is said that he first went to Virginia in 1732. By a grant dated July 12. 1734, 1.122 acres of land "on the western side of the Shenandoah River in the county to be called1 Orange" were patented to Benjamin Borden. Andrew Hapton and David Griffith. The county court of Orange was opened January l'^,1734,and the justices included in the Commission of Peace, were James Harbour (grandfather of Governor James Harbour and Phillip Pendleton Harbour), Zachary Taylor (grandfather of President Taylor), Joist Hile, Morgan Morgan. Benjamin Borden. and the ubiquitous John Smitli.

Benjamin Borden deserves to have his name remembered chiefly on account of Iho part he played in settling up the valley of Virginia, he obtained from Governor Gooch, October 3. 1734, patent for a tract of land in Frederick County which was called Borden's Manor. At the same time he was promised 100.000 acres (according to Peyton's History of Augusta County (500.000),on the waters of the James River, as soon as he should locate one hundred (Settlers on Uk* tract. Borden's Manor was south of Beverly's Manor, and it embraced the whole upper part of Augusta and Rockbridge Counties, the famous Natural Bridge being located on I he tract. Neither Borden nor th^ proprietors of Beverly's Manor (William Beverly, John Randolph, Richard Randolph and John Robertson) tired in their efforts to secure immigrants. Borden mmle at least two trips to Europe for this purpose. He returned from the first one in 1737 with a number of colonists. The first settlers on Borden's Manor were Ephriam McDowell and his family. They were soon followed by Archibald Alexander, John Ration, Andrew Moore. Hugh Telford, John Matthews, the Prestons, Paxtuns, Lyles, Grigsbys, Stewarts, Wallaces, Wilsons, Caruthers, Campbells, McClungs. McRaes, and others who became the founders of some of Virginia's distinguished families.

Benjamin Borden died November. - —, possessed of 130,000 acres of land in Virginia and New Jersey. He was survived by his wife, Jerusah, who soon returned to New Jersey to reside, and by ten children, as follows: (1) Benjamin, who married Mrs. Magdalene (Woods) McDowell (they had only one child who grew to maturity, a daughter. Martha, who married, first Benjamin Hawkins, and had four children:: (1) Sarah, who married William Mitchell, {2) Magdalene, who married Colonel Harvey, (3) William and (4i James. Martha (Borden) Hawkins married, second, Robert Harvey); (2) Hannah, who married Edward! Rogers (their son, Edward, was a Revolutionary soldier); (3) Mercy, who married William Fearnley; (John (see below); (5) Abigail, who married, first, Jacob Worthing- ton (they had a son, William, who married Elizabeth Machir), and, second, James Pritchard; (6) Rebecca, who married Thomas Bronson. and had two sons, Levi and Eli, (7) Deborah, who married Thomas Henley; (8) Lydia, who married Jacob Peck (see below); (9) Elizabeth, who married, first Nichols and had a son, William, born 1747, and, second Patton and left Patton descendants in Tennessee, and (10) Joseph, who removed to Tennessee.

John Borden, son of Benjamin, Sr., died in 1875 in Covington, Kentucky, leaving eight children: (1) Joseph, of Knoxville, Tennessee, (see below), and William, who settled in White County, Tennessee, and later removed to Washington County, Arknasas where he left three sons. John, Joseph and William; (3) Benjomin, who married and had several daughters; (4) John, who died in Harde- man County, Tennessee, leaving several daughters; (5) Rebecca, who married Overstreet, of Overton County, Tennessee; (ft1' Margaret, who married Judge Keither, of Knoxville; (7) Nancy, who married John McWilliams, of Bled- soe County, Tennessee, and (8) Sarah, who married Alexander McCoy, of Knoxville.

Joseph Borden of Knoxville, married Mary Echols. They had five children: (1) Eli, who married Marcha Wheeler; (2) Hawkins, who settled in Walker County, Alabama; (3) John, who married, first, Catherine Matlock, and second, 'Catherine Sevier, a grandaughter of Governor Sevier (see Sevier family); (4) Joseph, who settled in 1818 in Galhoun 'County, Alabama, and (5) Ann, who married Moses Johnson and had one son, Allan.

I think it probable that Borden's first wife, Catherine Matlock. Whs also of the Sevier family and that she was a daughter of William and Polly Sevier Matlock, the latter a sister of Governor John Sevier, and named Catherine for the governor's other sister.

Lydia Borden, daughter of Benjamin, Sr., (born 1720, died 1801). married Jacob Peck, a native of Wurltemberg, Germany, who settled 1738 in Pennsylvania. This name was written Beck, but in southern Germany was pronounced Peck. All of the sons of Jacob used the form Peck, with the possible exception of Joseph, whose last reference found in 1785, is under the name Beck. Joseph probably settled in Northern Alabama; Hardesty (Historical and Geographical Encyclopedia) says that Jacob settled in Alabama, but this doubtless incorrect, as he was still living at Staunton, Virginia, at the age of 71). Jacob and Lydia (Borden) Peck bad eight children: (1) Benjamin (see below); Jadob, who married , first, Mary Abney, and second, Elizabeth Dash- kam; (3) John H., of, Botecourt County, Virginia, who married Mary McCreary;, (4) Adam, who settled in East Tennessee and left a number of descendants, including

Judge J. Peck, one of the founders of Emory and Henry- College; (5) Mary, who married Jacob Carper; (6) Joseph, who married Hannah Thomas (Joseph was a soldier of the Revolution, as some of his brothers are said to have been;

(7) Hester (see below), and (8) Hannah who married Peter Holm.

Benjamin, son of Jacob and Lydia (Borden) Peck, was born in 1746. He married Margaret Carper and settled in what is now Craig County, Virginia. They had five sons: John, Jacob, Adam, Benjamin and Joseph. John, the eldest son was born September 10, ll~2. He settled in Giles County, Virginia, and in 1806 was appointed one of the first Justices of the Peace of that county. He married Elizabeth Snidow, daughter of Colonel Christian Snidow and his wife. Mary Burke, a granddaughter of Captain James Burke, who in 1753, discovered the picturesque valley in Tazt'well County, Virginia, known as Burke's Garden. Their Children were: (1) Mary Burke, who married her cousin. Benjamin Borden Peck; (2) Margaret Carper, who married Charles Lewis Pearls, son of Colonel George and Rebecca (Clay) Pearls (their only child. Electra, married Dr. Charles W. Pearis. son of Samuel P. and Rebecca (Chapmab) Peaa-is); (3) Christian Lewis, who married Susan Price and left descendants in Giles County; (4) Clam S., who married John H. Vawter (they had several children, among them a son, Captain Charles E. Vawter, for many years principal of the Miller School, of Alberrnarle County, Virginia, who married Virginia Longley); (5) Joseph Addison. who married Eellen Baker and settled in Texas; (6) Sarah S., who married Edwin Amos (they had a daughter, Sarah, who married Colonel William Palmer, of Richmond and Blacksburg, Virginia. Their daughter, Sarah, married' Robert Preston Reams and their only child is Mrs. Valentine Nesbit, of Birmingham. Another daughter, Elizabeth Palmer, married Frank Christian, a third, Lelia, married Egbert Leigh, of Richmond, and the fourth, Claudia, is Mrs. William Ormond Young, of Richmond)*; (7)William Henry, who married Elizabeth Amos a sistefr of Edwin, and settled in Logan County, West Virginia;

(8) Rebecca R., who died young; (9) Charles Decatur. who married Rachel Hoge Thomas, a daughter of Colonel William Thomas and wife, Rachel Montgomery Hoge, who was a granddaughter of James and Elizabeth (Howe) Hoge, pioneer settlers of what is now Pulaski County, Virginia; (10) Dr. Erastus Watson Peck, who married first, Mary Mason, of Lynchburg, second Ann Hand-ley, and third Martha Hobbs; (11) Elizabeth E., who married Dr. Robert B. McNull (they had several sons arid two daughters (1) Mary, who married Colonel James Barbee Peck and had several children among them a daughter. Josephine, who married Dr. S. D. Long, president of Martha Washington College, and Juanita, who married Judge George B. Sinclair, formerly of Gharlottesville, Virginia, now of New York); (12) Martha M. who married Judge John Alexander Kelly, son of "Vincent Howell and Ann Simmons (Alexander) Kelly (one of their sons, Francis Alexander Kelly, married Eliza Patton (see Gaines family, Volume I Notable Southern Families); another. Judge L. Kelly, of Virginia Court of Appeals, married Mary Hull, daughter of Gaplain D. D. Hull, of Marion. Virginia), and (\3\ Josephine E.. who married Dr. Richard Phillips and settled in Alabama.

Jacob, the second son of Benjamine and Margaret (Carper) Peck, married Malinda Givens. They had eleven children: (1) Benjamin Borden, who married Mary Burke Peck (they had six sons. Pembroke. Charles. Lewis, James H.. Jacob A.. Erastus H. and Borden Wallace, who was killed in the battle of Gettysburg); (2) Williaim Givens, who died unmarried; (3) Elisha G.. who married Margaret Peters; (4) Daniel R., who died unmarried; (5) George. Harrison, who married Sarah J. Handley; (01 James Preston, who married Elizabeth Scott; (7) Jacob H., who married Ann Hendley; (8) Margaret Carper, who married Archibald Peck, son of John and Jane (Hutcheson) Peck; (9) Rhoda E.. who married James MeClaugherty: (10) Louisa S., who married Lewis Payne and (11) Rebeeen, who married John A. Calfee.

Benjamine, son of Benjamin and Margaret (Carper) Peck, married Rebecca Snidow. sister of his brother's wife. and settled in Monroe County, West, Virginia. Their children were: (1) William H., (2) Christian. (3) Francia. (4) John S., who married Mary Burke Snidow. daughter of John and Rachel (Chapman) Snidow. (They had the following children: James P., who was killed in 1864 in the battle of Gold Harbor; Hugh T., who lives in Maryland. Chapman J., of Giles County, John. Ann, who married John P.-Peck, and Elizabeth, who married Harvey Snidow); (5) Martha Hobbs;(ll)Elizabeth E.. who married Dr. Robert R. who married John A. Chalfee.

Hester Peck, daughter of Jacob and Lydia(Borden)Peck, married Isaac Van Meter. They had eight children: (1) Hannah, who married McFerrin; (2) Mary, who married Charles Hedrick; (3) Elizabeth, who married Benjamin Carper (they had three sons, James, George and Joseph, who married Ann West and had four children: Elizabeth, who married Echols, Robert who was killed near

Williamsburg. Virginia, in the War Between the States; Wyndham, and Ariana Williamson, who married William B. Bean—Dr. Robert Bennet Bean, of llio University of Virgnia, is their son);

(4) Placentia, who married McFerrin;

(5) Jacob, who married Patsy Ushur Shrewsbury (see below) ; Joseph, of Marion, Virginia, who married Damaris Lockland, of Hagerstown, Maryland. (They had seven children, none of whom left descendants; (7) Sarah Hawkins, who married Dr. Eleazer Sweetland and settled in Greenup County, Kentucky (see below).

Jacob and Patsy (Shrewbury) Van Meter had eight children: (1) William Steel, who married Mary Shrews- berry; (2) Mary, who married William Cooke; (3) Julia, who married Atwood G. Hobson; (4) Caroline E., who married George Bradley Adams, of Bowling Green, Kentucky; (5) Samuel Kirk, who married Jane Sharp; (6) Charles Joseph, who married Mrs. Catherine (Moss) Overall; (7) Sarah, who married M. P. 'Glarkson and (8) Clinton Clay, who died unmarried.

Dr. Eleazer and Sarah Hawkins (Van Meter) Sweetland had ten children: (1) Elizabeth, who married Thomas Jefferson Obenchairi, of Wythville, Virginia; (their eldest son, Dr. William Alexander Obenchain, president of Ogden College, Bowling Green, Kentucky, married Eliza Calvert, the novelist, whose nom de plume is Eliza Calvert Hall. They have four children: Margery, William, Thomas Hale and Cecilia Calvert); (2) Mary Hester, who married George Walter Strickland; (3) 'Charles Gould, who died in Strickland, California, unmarried; (4) Samuel McFerrin, who married first Martha Abernethy and second, Mary Aber- nethy; (5) Martha, who married Elijah Walker; (6) Isaac Van Meter, who married Martha Russell; (7) Henry Pettit, who married Augusta Ladd; (8) Captain William A., wha was killed in the battle of Gettysburg; (9) Sarah, who married Luke Powell, and (10) James Otis, who married Martha Scott. .. .

William Borden, fifth son of John and) Mary( Earle) Borden married Alice Hull, daughter of John and Alice (Teddeman) Hull, and settled in 1733 in Beaufort County, North Carolina, on the river which he named Newport River. They had three daughters and one son, William., who married Mrs. Comfort (Lovett) Small. They had six children, as follows: (1) John, who died young;. (2) William, married Ann Delaney, and had one son, Barclay; (3) Alice who married Colonel David Ward; (4) Benjamine, who married, first Nancy Wallace, and1 second, Rebecca Staunton; (5) Hope, who married Asa Hatch, of Jones County, North Carolina, and (6) Joseph, who married Mrs. Esther (Wallace) Easton, daughter of David and Mary (Willis) Wallace. Joseph and1 Esther (Wallace) Borden resided in Carteret County, North Carolina. They had nine children: (1) William, who married Elizabelh Dickson. (They had two children, Eleanor Hull, who died unmarried, and Martha Webb, who married, John S. Telfair; (2) Benjamin, who married, first Margaret Hill and second, Mrs. Martha (Gocke) Gray, of Lynchburg. Virginia. (They had seven children, as follows: Joseph who married Prances Scott. Gray; Thomas J., who married Elizabeth Byrn; Miranda, who married Major Thomas Crawford Clark; William A., who married Alice G. Moore; Mary, who married, first William T. Cheney and second Edward Fen- wick Campbell; Benjamin Clayborn, who married Robert Moore, and James Pennington, who married Melissa Par- ham. (3) David Wallace, who married his cousin, Hope Ward (their children were Elizabeth Graham, who married George Lovic Pierce, Mary James, who married David Grace df Birmingham, Hannah War, who married, first George Lovic Pierce and second, William Kirk Wallace, and Joshua A., who died young). (4) Joseph, of Borden, California, who married Juliet Rhodes; (they had eight children: Thomas Pennington, Mary, Judge Rhodes Borden, of the Supreme Court of San Francisco, Nathan Lane, who married Minnie Lee Borden, Sheldon, who married Frances Burnett, Ivey Lewis, who married Hetty Thompson, and Ann Helen). (5) Thomas Richardson, who married Ann M. Jones; (6) Judge James Wallace Borden, who married Krnma Griswold (their children are Esther, who married George H. Aylesworth, Mary, Rebecca. Kenyon, who married 'Charles E. Grover. Joseph. William, who married Lavinna Fielding. Brigadier-General George Pen- ninglon Borden, who married Elizabeth Reynolds; Emiline, who married Captain Charles E. Hargous and David H. who married Mary Nelson) ; (7) Mary Wallace, who married Israel Sheldon; (they had one daughter. Mary, who married, first William Watson Woolsey and second. Colonel Woolsey Rogers Hopkins). (8) Isaac Ponnington, who married Elizabeth Marset and (9) Hannah G., who died young.