Mammals of Cumberland Gap National Park

Image:Panoramic-Smoky Mtn View.jpg
Southwest Virginia Project

From Cumberland gap National Historical Park Website

The following species are currently found in and near Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. Most of these species would have been present during the settlement period. The obvious exception to this is the being the coyote, a recent emigrant filling the niche once filled by the wolf, a locally extirpated species. What does not appear on this list, notable by their absence, are the species which have been lost from the fauna, the wolf and the buffaloe being the most obvious examples.

Order Family Genus-Species Common Name Counties
Artiodactyla Cervidae Odocoileus virginianus White-tailed Deer NPS B H L C
Carnivora Canidae Canis latrans Coyote B L C
Urocyon cinereoargenteus Common Gray Fox NPS L C
Vulpes vulpes Red Fox L C
Felidae Lynx rufus Bobcat NPS L C
Mephitidae Mephitis mephitis Striped Skunk NPS L C
Spilogale putorius Eastern Spotted Skunk NPS B L C
Mustelidae Lontra canadensis Northern River Otter L C
Mustela frenata Long-tailed Weasel L C
Mustela nivalis Least Weasel L C
Mustela vison American Mink L C
Procyonidae Procyon lotor Northern Raccoon NPS L C
Ursidae Ursus americanus American Black Bear NPS B H L
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Corynorhinus rafinesquii Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat H L C
Eptesicus fuscus Big Brown Bat NPS H L C
Lasionycteris noctivagans Silver-haired Bat NPS L C
Lasiurus borealis Red Bat NPS H L C
Lasiurus cinereus Hoary Bat L C
Myotis grisescens Gray Myotis L C
Myotis leibii Eastern Small-footed Myotis NPS C
Myotis lucifugus Little Brown Bat NPS L C
Myotis septentrionalis Northern Long-eared Myotis L C
Myotis sodalis Indiana Bat NPS B H L C
Nycticeius humeralis Evening Bat C
Pipistrellus subflavus Eastern Pipistrelle B H C
Didelphimorphia Didelphidae Didelphis virginiana Virginia Opossum NPS L C
Insectivora Soricidae Blarina brevicauda Northern Short-tailed Shrew NPS B H L C
Cryptotis parva Least Shrew B L C
Sorex cinereus Cinereus Shrew B H L C
Sorex dispar Long-tailed Shrew H C
Sorex fumeus Smoky Shrew NPS B H L C
Sorex hoyi Pygmy Shrew B H L C
Sorex longirostris Southeastern Shrew L C
Parascalops breweri Hairy-tailed Mole NPS B H L C
Scalopus aquaticus Eastern Mole NPS L C
Lagomorpha Leporidae Sylvilagus floridanus Eastern Cottontail NPS B L
Sylvilagus obscurus Appalachian Cottontail H C
Rodentia Castoridae Castor canadensis American Beaver L C
Dipodidae Napaeozapus insignis Woodland Jumping Mouse NPS L C
Zapus hudsonius Meadow Jumping Mouse B L C
Muridae Clethrionomys gapperi Southern Red-backed Vole NPS B H L C
Microtus pennsylvanicus Meadow Vole C
Microtus pinetorum Woodland Vole NPS H L C
Neotoma magister Allegheny Woodrat NPS B H L C
Ochrotomys nuttalli Golden Mouse L C
Ondatra zibethicus Muskrat L C
Oryzomys palustris Marsh Rice Rat C
Peromyscus leucopus White-footed Mouse NPS B H L C
Peromyscus maniculatus Deer Mouse NPS B H L C
Reithrodontomys humulis Eastern Harvest Mouse C
Sigmodon hispidus Hispid Cotton Rat NPS L C
Synaptomys cooperi Southern Bog Lemming NPS B H L C
Sciuridae Glaucomys volans Southern Flying Squirrel NPS L C
Marmota monax Woodchuck NPS L C
Sciurus carolinensis Eastern Gray Squirrel NPS B H L C
Sciurus niger Eastern Fox Squirrel L C
Tamias striatus Eastern Chipmunk NPS L C
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Red Squirrel L