Index to Hamilton's Atrocity Stories

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Category:Indian Raids Along the Great Road

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The Following Table summarizes articles by Emory Hamilton related to attacks by Native Americans in southwest Virginia. Hamilton referred to these events as "atrocities", and indeed the consequences were tragic events. However, these articles primarily tell the stories of the European settlers in the area, and the "atrocities" were not confined to one side or the other. We just don't have very good written records of the comparable tragedies that were experienced by the Native Americans.

Hamilton's articles are still under copyright. However, they have been widely presented on the web, and a recent publication gathered many of Hamilton's articles together in one book. (.....Need reference, need discussion of Rhonda Robertson's work in this area). The data in this table is drawn from Robertson's publications on the web stored in the Russell County archives at Rootsweb. These links are presented here as a handy reference to those articles. As this project goes along we will fill in the table with information about the date of the events described, their location, persons involved, and primary sources.

It should also be realized that while Hamilton identified a great many of these events, not all of his articles are covered here. Nor are all events of this nature that occurred in southwest Virginia, captured by Hamilton's articles. As we find additional information, we will add to this core of work by Hamilton.

See Also The Preston Register

1773-1774

Index Hamilton Article Date Location Persons Fate* Sources
2 The First Massacre On Powell's River 10 Oct 1773 Head of Wallens Creek James Boone K Draper Mss 3 B, Chapter 9, pages 92-117.
Head of Wallens Creek Henry Russell K
Head of Wallens Creek Charles (Slave) K
Head of Wallens Creek John Mendenhall K
Head of Wallens Creek Richard Mendenhall K
Head of Wallens Creek ? Drake K
Head of Wallens Creek Isaac Crabtree E
Head of Wallens Creek Adam (slave) E
3 The Henry Family of Tazewell County Massacred 9 September, 1774 Thompson's Valley on the south side of Rich Mountain, a short distance east of Plum Tree Gap, John Henry K Draper Mss 3 QQ 94; MySource:Johnson, 1906:141
Thompson's Valley on the south side of Rich Mountain, a short distance east of Plum Tree Gap, Mrs. John Henry K
Thompson's Valley on the south side of Rich Mountain, a short distance east of Plum Tree Gap, three small Henry Children K
4 Samuel Lammey Captured on Holston River 9 September, 1774 on the North Fork of the Holston about a mile from the upper end of Campbell's Choice (This is near Broad Ford in Smythe County), now called the Clay Lick Samuel Lammey C Draper Mss 3 QQ 94
5 Two of Captain John Blackmore's Slaves Captured September 23, 1774, Blackmore's fort Two of John Blackmore's Negro Slaves C (1) Letters of Captains William Christian and William Russell, shown later in this mss., it seems probable that Blackmore's slaves were later restored to him, Thwaites & Kellog, Dunmore's War, page 305; (2) R. M. Addington, History of Scott County, page 53.
6 The Killing and Capture of John Robert's Family September 24, 1774 King's Mill on Reedy Creek, in Sullivan Co., TN, near the present Kingsport John Roberts K (8) Draper Mss 3 QQ 111; (9) Thwaites and Kelloggs, Dunmore's War, page 305, and Calendar of Virginia State Papers; (10) Thwaites and Kellogg, Dunmore's War, page 309
King's Mill on Reedy Creek, in Sullivan Co., TN, near the present Kingsport wife of John Roberts K See also Attack on Henry Roberts' Home and Killing of David Roberts William and David Roberts, and Rachael, a sister, who was the mother of John Anderson, the writer of the manuscript. Draper Mss 15 DD 39, and Washington Co., VA Will Book 1, page 17.
King's Mill on Reedy Creek, in Sullivan Co., TN, near the present Kingsport Children of John Roberts K
7 John Duncan Killed at Moore's Fort by Chief Logan September 29, 1774 Moore's Fort person:John Duncan (1) K (1) Col. Campbell's letter to Col. Preston, dated October 1, 1774, Draper Mss 3 QQ 108; Dunmore's War, pages 214-222(2) Augusta County Court Causes Ended, Simon Cockrell vs Duncan.
8 Capture of General Evan Shelby's Negro Girl October 6, 1774 Fort of General Evan Shelby, near the present Bristol. Negro Slave Girl E Calender Virginia State Papers, Draper Mss 3 QQ.
9 Dale Carter Killed At Blackmore's Fort October 6, 1774 Blackmore's Fort person:Dale Carter (1) K (1) Draper Mss 3 QQ 118.
11 One Mitchell Killed on the Wilderness Road 1776 Wilderness Road, KY, near Cumberland Gap ? Mitchell K (1) Draper MSS 13 CC 140; (2) Draper Mss 9 DD 2

1775-1780

12 Killing of Jonathan Jenning’s Son and Negro Slave btw July 7th and September 21, 1776, Blackmore’s Fort Son of Jonathan Jennings K 1) Draper Mss 4 QQ 73.
Blackmore’s Fort Slave of Jonathan Jennings K
1779 On River, on way to Nashboro Another Son of Jonathan Jennings K (2) Journal of Capt. John Donaldson, whose rafting party went out from the Holston and later joined up with the Blackmore party from the Clinch.
On River, on way to Nashboro Anotehr Slave of Jonathan Jennings K
aft 1779 Nashboro Jonathan Jennings K
13 Killing of Samuel Cowan at Houston’s Fort June or July, of 1776. Houstn's Fort Samuel Cowan X (1) Draper Mss 11 CC 224
14 Isaac Crissman Killed in Rye Cove 1776 Rye Cove Fort Issac Crissman K John Redd’s Narrative, Virginia Magazine of History and Biography; (2) Draper MSS 2 QQ 408; (3) Land Office Preemption Warrants 1 0 2132 and 1926.
Rye Cove Fort Two members of his family K
15 The Slaying of John Douglas at Little Moccasin Gap about 1 July 1776 Blackmore's Fort Two Men K Draper Mss 4 QQ 53.
about 5 July or earlier, 1776 Little Moccassin Gap John Douglas K
16 Robert Elsom Killed on Clinch River at Gray's Island 1776 Greys Island, 2 miles south of Dungannon Robert Elsom K (1) Augusta Co., VA Court Causes Ended, Cockrell vs Duncan.
17 Jacob Lewis and Family Killed On Stock Creek bef July 1776 Stock Creek, Powell River Valley Jacob Lewis K (1) John Redd's Narrative, Vol. 6 & 7, Virginia Magazine of History and Biography.
Stock Creek, Powell River Valley Wife of Jacob Lewis K
Stock Creek, Powell River Valley seven Children of Jacob Lewis K
18 Killing of Frederick Mongle 1776 Blacks Fort Frederick Mongel K (1) Charles B. Coale, "Wilburn Waters," reprinted in Summer's, "Annals of Southwest Virginia and Washington County," page 1578; (2) Draper Mss 2 ZZ 37-38
19 Killing of William Henry Creswell July 4, 1776 Blacks fort Henry Creswell, killed K (1) Summers, Annals of Southwest Virginia, page 1561; (2) Draper Mss 10 DD 52
20 Killing of William Parks in Powell Valley before 30 May 1776 Indian Creek, Lee County, 8 miles below Martin's old Fort William Parks K (1) See John Redd's Narrative, Vol. 6 & 7, Virginia Magazine of History & Biography; (2) On Indian Creek in Lee Co., VA; (3) Washington Co., VA Survey Book 1, page 349; (4) Draper Mss 4 QQ 46
21 Killing of Matthew Rowbottom 20 to 27 July 1776 near South Holston Dam, near Bristol Matthew Rowbottom K (1) Draper Mss 4 QQ 60
22 One Cook Killed in Powell Valley 1776 Powell's Valley Mr. Cooke K From Draper Mss 2 DD 193, Pension Statement of William Barron of TN
23 John and Titus Benton Killed in Rye Cove April 1777 Rye Cove John Benton, K Augusta Court Causes Ended, McKinney vs Preston, O. S. 308: N. S. 110.
Rye Cove Titus Benton K
24 Bowman and Johnson Killed, James Bunch Wounded in Powell's Valley April 1777 Owen's Station, Powell Valley Robert Bowan, K Draper Mss 1 XX 19,21, 24, 31; Shelby Family Papers, Library of Congress, Vol. 1, Item 64
Owen's Station, Powell Valley John Bunch W
Owen's Station, Powell Valley James Bunch W
25 The Capture of Jane Whittaker and Polly Alley Spring 1777 Osborne's Ford Polly Alley CE Wilburn Waters (only source)
Castle's Wood Jane Whitaker CE
26 Killing of Fanny Napper and Her Children July/August 1777 Blackmore's Fort Fanny Napper K (1) Draper Mss 5 C (2) Draper Mss 13 CC 13070
Blackmore's Fort her five children K
27 John Evans, Captive 1776 or 1777 Head of the Clinch John Evans CE Pendleton, History of tazewell County, p. 457; [[MySource:Johnson, 1906:141 Johnson, History of the MiddleNew River Settlements]
28 The Killing of Humphrey Dickenson between Aug 1777 and November 1778 Gist's Ford of Clinch River Humphrey Dickenson K Family tradition recorded by Hamilton
29 Attack on Henry Roberts' Home and Killing of David Roberts 1778 Washington County Archibald McNeal K Known only from an unpublished Manuscript by John Anderson, quoted by hamilton
Washington County Daughter of David Roberts C
Washington County Two Daughters of David Roberts E
Washington County William McMillan C
Washington County David Roberts K
30 Killing of Burton Litton and William Priest at Glade Hollow Fort 1778 Glade Hollow Burton Litton K (1) Washington Co., VA Order Book 1, page 69 & Survey Entry Book 1, page 75.; (2) Draper Mss 6 XX 106; (3) Draper Mss 5 XX 2; (4) Crabtree statement also in Draper Mss 3 DD 40
Glade Hollow William Priest K
31 Captain John Dunkin, Solomon Litton and His Wife Taken Out of Elk Garden by the Indians 1778 Elk Garden Captain John Dunkin CR (1) Draper Mss 6 XX 106; (2) Botetourt Co., Deed Book 1, page 83; (3) Letter to Mr. Canie B. Litton, Virginia Beach, VA, dated December 10, 1965.; (4) Draper Mss 6 XX 106; (5) Draper Mss 1 XX 13;
Elk Garden Solomon Litton CR
Elk Garden Martha Sharpe Wife of Solomon Litton CR
32 Killing of Richard Lynam in Powell Valley 1777 Powell Valley Richard Lyman K (1) Robert Sinclair, Revolutionary War pension claim filed in Madison Co., MO, August 1, 1832; (2) Washington Co., VA, on March 17, 1779
Powell Valley Solomon Kendrick K Killed in separate incident
33 William Ferrill Killed in New Garden June 15, 1778 New garden William Ferrell K (1) Draper Mss 8 DD 17; (2) Washington Co., VA court for May 19, 1778; (3)Draper Mss 6 XX 106
34-35 Indian Tragedies Against the Walker Family +Samuel Walker Slain, Anne Cowan and William Walker Captured June/July 1776 Houston's Fort Samuel Cowan K
May, 1778 Castlewood Samuel Walker K
May, 1778 Castlewood William Walker CR
May, 1778 Castlewood Ann Walker wife of Samuel Cowan C
July 1784 Abbs Valley James Moore, Jr -
July 1786 Abbs Valley James Moore Sr K
July 1786 Abbs Valley Jane Walker Moore CK
July 1786 Abbs Valley William Moore K
July 1786 Abbs Valley Alexander Moore K
July 1786 Abbs Valley Margaret Moore K
July 1786 Abbs Valley John Moore K
July 1786 Abbs Valley Martha Poague CK
July 1786 Abbs Valley Mary Moore CR
July 1786 Abbs Valley John Simpson K
36 The Killing of the Phillip Phillips Family Near Hunter’s Ford 11/12 March 1779 Island near Dungannon wife of Philip Phillips K (1) Fincastle County Plat Book A, page 71 (2) Shane’s Historical Collection, Draper MSS 11 CC 224. (3) Russell Co., VA, Survey Book 1, page 203 (4) Pension Claim R-8784, filed Claiborne Co., TN, 26 April, 1836.
11/12 March 1779 Island near Dungannon 5 children of Philip Phillips K
37 Killing of the Starnes Brothers and Michael Moyer 7 April 1779 Wise County, Va Joseph Starnes,Sr K (1) Pension Statement S-6700, National Archives
Wise County, Va Frederick Starnes, K
Wise County, Va Michael Moyer K
38 Killing of Jessee Evans’ Children Summer 1779 Tazewell, Locust Bottom Wife of Joh Evans E (1) Pendleton’s, History of Tazewell Co., VA (2)Bickley’s, History of Tazewell Co., VA, published in 1856
Tazewell, Locust Bottom Eldest Daughter E
Tazewell, Locust Bottom Mary Evans (dau) EW
Tazewell, Locust Bottom 3 children K
39 Massacre of the Roark Family of Tazewell County March 18 1780 Roark’s Gap; Dividing ridge Between the Clinch and the Sandy R. Wife of James Roark K Bickley, in his History of Tazewell County (1) Summer’s "Annals of Southwest Virginia", page 106. (2) Taylor’s letter to Preston, Draper MSS 5 QQ 26.
Roark’s Gap; Dividing ridge Between the Clinch and the Sandy R. Seven Chldren K
40 The Killing of James Coyle April 1780 Floyd Co KY James Coyle K 1) Frederick Fralyly Pnsion Statement led in Floyd Co., KY, June, 1834
41 Capture of Ann and Mary Bush and Killing of William Dorton April 1780 Russell Co VA Ann Bush CWE 1) Frederick Fralyly Pnsion Statement led in Floyd Co., KY, June, 1834
Russell Co VA Mary Bush CE
Russell Co VA William Dorton K
42 Killing of Solomon Kendrick 1781 Powell's Valley Soloman Kindrick K 1) Frederick Fralyly Pnsion Statement led in Floyd Co., KY, June, 1834; (2) Draper MSS 6 XX 99; (3) Pension statement S-17678, filed Madison Co., MO, 1832. (4) Pension claim of Charles Cocke filed in Lee Co., VA 1838.

1781-1784

43 Unnamed Killings in Powell Valley in 1781 13 January 1781 Powell Valley Settler K VA State Papers, Vol. 1, page 464
02/14/1781 Powell Valley 3 men K VA State Papers, Vol. 1, page 548
44 Four Men Taken Prisoner from Fort Blackmore before 2 Feb 1781 Blackmore's Fort 4 men C (1) VA State Papers, Vol. 1, page 484; (2) VA State Papers, Vol. 1, page 494
45 Capture of Captain Abraham Bledsoe's Son c23 May 1781 Near long Island on Holston River son of Abraham Bledso CR (1) Calendar VA State Papers, Vol. II, page 72
46 Capture and Rescue of the Ingles Family and Killing of Captain Thomas Maxwell June 25th, 1756. Vauses Fort John Ingles K (1) Statement of Matthias Harman in 1809, Maxwell vs Pickens, Augusta Court Causes Ended, O. S. 129; N. S. 45. Bill 1807.
June 25th, 1756. Vauses Fort Mary Ingles wife of John CE (2) Kegley, Virginia Frontier, pages 194-195.
July 30, 1755 Draper's Meadow Mary Draper Ingles, wife of William CR
Draper's Meadow Thomas Ingles (age 4) son of William CR (4) Statement William Wynn, Augusta Court Causes Ended, Wynn vs Inglish's heirs, O. S. 48; N. S. 16.
5th of April, 1782 Burkes Garden Mary Draper Ingles, wife of William CR
Burkes Garden Mary Ingles dau of William CR (6) Pendleton, History of Tazewell Co., VA, page 443.
Burkes Garden William son of William CR (7) David E. Johnson, History of Middle New River Settlements, page 146, says that Henry Harman was of this party also.
Burkes Garden Rhoda dau of William (Infant) CR (8) Joseph Hix was still in Tazewell Co., in 1809, when he made a deposition in the case, Maxwell vs Pickens, Augusta Court Causes Ended, O. S. 129; N. S. 45. Bill Filed 1807.
Burkes Garden Negro man CR
Burkes Garden Negro Woman CR (10) Calendar Virginia State Papers, Vol. III, page 139.
10 April 1782 Maxwell's Gap, Tug River Thomas Maxwell K
47 Two Sons of Captain Robert Moffett Captured 5 April 1782 Tazewell County, VA George Moffett CR 1) Virginia State Papers, Vol. III, page 126; (2) Draper Mss 11 CC 224; (3) See Draper Mss 8 ZZ 17, for the capture of Kitty Moffett and James Trimble by the Indians while the family lived in Augusta Co., VA.; (4) Augusta Court Causes Ended, Wynn vs Inglish, O. C. 48; N. S. 16; (5) Draper Mss S-1, 132; (6) Virginia State Papers, Vol. III, page 126; (7) Draper Mss 11 CC, John D. Shane Collectin, Vol. 1.
Tazewell County, VA John Moffett CR Draper Mss 11 CC 224
10 April 1782 Tazewell County, VA 2 girls, dau of James Maxwell k (5) Draper Mss S-1, 132
Tazewell County, VA X (6) Virginia State Papers, Vol. III, page 126.
Tazewell County, VA X (7) Draper Mss 11 CC, John D. Shane Collectin, Vol. 1.
48 Eight Horsemen Killed in Powell Valley Fall 1784 ??? Between Clinch and Cumberland Gap Eight Horsemen K 1) Waddell, in his "Annals of Augusta County", page 315, (2)Dr. Robert Kincaid, in his "Wilderness Road", page 167,
49 John Brown Killed in Cumberland Gap Before 22nd of April, 1781 Cumberland Gap John Brown K 1) Calender Virginia State papers, Vol. I; (2) Summer's History of Washington County and Southwest Virginia, page 348.
Lick Creek Woman K
Lick Creek Child K
50 Cliff Overton Killed btw 1781 and 1786 Between Abingdon and Powell Valley Cliff Overton K Russell Co., VA, Order Book 1, page 7, dated June 13, 1786.
51 Joshua Butcher and Son and Samuel Pepper Killed in Powell Valley Late February 1781 Powell Valley Joshua Butcher Sr K Note: Hamilton identifies Those killed as "Samuel Butcher, Jr. and Sr, in the first two paragraphs, but refers to them as "Joshua "throughtout the remainder of the article
Powell Valley Joshua Butcher Jr K Draper MSC, Colonel Arthur Campbell to the Governor of Virginia
Powell Valley Elisha Pepper K
52 Captain James Maxwell’s Two Daughters Killed late March 1782 Head of the Clinch; Bluestone Creek Two daughters of James Maxwell K (1) Augusta Court Causes Ended, Maxwell vs Pickens.
Head of the Clinch; Bluestone Creek Wife of Thoms Ingles C (2) Calender Virginia State Papers, Vol. III, page 126.
Head of the Clinch; Bluestone Creek 3 children of Thomas Ingles C
Head of the Clinch; Bluestone Creek 2 slaves of Thomas Ingles C
Head of the Clinch; Bluestone Creek Unknown person C
Head of the Clinch; Bluestone Creek Capt. Thomas Maxwell K
2 April 1782 Head of the Clinch; Bluestone Creek Two sons of Robert Moffett C
53 Slaying of the Halbert McClure Family 11 September 1782 Little Moccassin Gap; near head of Moccassin Creek Halburt McClure K (1) Virginia State Papers, Vol. III, page 316-17; (2) Draper MSS 9 DD 38; (3) Draper MSS 6 XX 99; (4) Historical Collection of Rev. John D. Shane, Draper MSS 12 CC 96-7; (5) Washington Co., VA Entry Book 1, page 10 & 70.
Little Moccassin Gap; near head of Moccassin Creek Wife of Halburt McClure CR Exact identities and fates of family members are not clear from surviving accounts. Wife and one child seems to have been rescued; two children escaped; at least one son was wounded and left for dead but survived; its presumed that the others were killed.
Little Moccassin Gap; near head of Moccassin Creek One Child of Halburt McCLure CR
Little Moccassin Gap; near head of Moccassin Creek Katherine McClure K
Little Moccassin Gap; near head of Moccassin Creek Moses McClure K
Little Moccassin Gap; near head of Moccassin Creek One Child of Halburt McClure CK
Little Moccassin Gap; near head of Moccassin Creek One Child of Halburt McClure CE
Little Moccassin Gap; near head of Moccassin Creek Sally McClure CE
Little Moccassin Gap; near head of Moccassin Creek John McClure W
Little Moccassin Gap; near head of Moccassin Creek 5 other family members K
54 Killing of Jessee Adams and His Family bef 20 Sept 1782 Stock Creek Jessee Adams K Arthur Campbell wrote to the Governor of Virginia, on September 20, 1782
Stock Creek Mary [Blackmore] Adams E
Stock Creek 10 children K
Stock Creek Johnathan Adams E
Stock Creek Sally Adams E
Stock Creek Synthia Chadwell E
55 William Long, The Indian Spy Slain 1782 Unknown William Long K (1) Sworn statements of Henry Dickenson, Draper MSS 8 DD 70 and 3 DD 208.
56 John Ingles Home Attacked Cox and Two Hunters Killed 25 December 1782 Between St. Paul and possibly Ft. Blackmore Man named Cox W (1) Virginia State Papers, Vol. III, page 424.(2) Russell Co., VA, Court Order Book 3, page 266, dated the 27th of December, 1803,
31 December 1782 Mouthof Indian Creek, Pound River Robert Kilgore K Note: Identification of Robert Kilgore is based on work subsequen to Hamilton
Mouthof Indian Creek, Pound River James Green K
Mouthof Indian Creek, Pound River A man named McKinney E
57 Killing of Joseph Ray & Family Samuel Hughes and Scalping of Ann Neece Before 19th of May, 1783 Indian Creek Tazewell County Joseph Ray K 1) Pendleton, History of Tazwell Co, 2) 19th of May, 1783, as proven by a letter written by Colonel Daniel Smith to Arthur Campbell 3) L. P. Summers, History of Washington County and Southwestern Virginia, page 367,
Indian Creek Tazewell County 8 persons of Ray's family K/C
Indian Creek Tazewell County Samuel Hughes K
Castle'w Wood Ann Neece W
Castle'w Wood Simon Oxer E
Castle'w Wood Charles Bickley E
Castle'w Wood Henry Dickenson E
Castle'w Wood Negro male C
60 Unnamed Killings In Powell Valley in 1784 April 1784 Powell Valley a boy k Joseph Martin, wrote to Governor Harrison, May 3, 1784
Powell Valley a girl c Virginia State Papers, Vol. III, page 581).
Winter-Spring 1784 Kentucky Road Man k Virginia State Papers, Vol. III, page 601-2
Kentucky Road Woman k
Kentucky Road boy k
Kentucky Road chld k
58 Unnamed Killings In Tazewell County 21 March 1783 Walkers Creek one man k May 5, 1783, Colonel William Preston wrote to Governor Harrison
Walkers Creek one woman c
Walkers Creek two children c
Walkers Creek two children of a widow c
Bluestone River one man K
61 Capture of James Moore, Jr September, 1784 Abbs Valley James Moore C Pendleton, History of Tazewell County, Virginia, page 44
62 Richard Pemberton’s Fight With the Indians the 6th of April 1784 North Fork of the Holston River, the 6th of April last One man K On May 26, 1785, Major Crockett wrote to Governor Henry of Virginia; Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 31; Bickley, History of Tazewell County, 1856.
16 April 1784 head of the Clinch Richard Pemberton W
63 Two Unnamed Families Killed and Captured in New Garden 24 march 1785 New Garden 15 members of one family K/C Colonel Arthur Campbell wrote to Governor Patrick Henry, on March 27, 1785

1785-1789

17 March 1785 Rose Hill, Lee Co, Powell Valley Mrs Walling/Wallen K Calendar Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 20.)
17 March 1785 Rose Hill, Lee Co, Powell Valley John Wallens XXXX Col. Joseph Martin to Governor of Virginia, March 26, 1785
10 March 1785 at the end of the Clinch Mt Mrs. Cox A
64 Combs Family Killed and Captured in New Garden unknown New Garden Mr. Coombs K Colonel Arthur Campbell in his letter to Governor Patrick Henry, dated March 27, 1785.
New Garden Mrs. Coombs CR
New Garden child K
New Garden child CR
65 Frederick Fraley’s Son Chased by Indians cMay 1785 Middle Clinch Frederick Frayley's son A Colonel Arthur Campbell, wrote to Governor Patrick Henry, Calendar Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 23 on June 7, 1785
66 Mrs John Wallen Killed in Powell ValleyJohn Wallen Killed in Powell Valley 17 March 1785 Powell Valley Mrs. John Wallen X (1) Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 20
(2) Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 18-19
77 Capture of Hugh Logan and (One) Gibson 12 Feb 1785 SWV-Wautauga Hugh Logan CE Col. Joseph Martin to Governor of Virginia, March 26, 1785
SWV-Wautauga One Gibson CE
68 The Tragedy of Wallen’s Creek June 29, 1785 Scotts Fort, Lee County Archibald Scott K July 5, 1785, Col. Arthur Campbell wrote Governor Patrick Henr, Calendar of Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, p40, The Freeman's Journal; Draper Mss 5 XX 2; Draper MSS 3 XX 41-2.
Scotts Fort, Lee County Mrs. Scott CE This event is also described in [[Source:Asbury, 1821|Asbury's Journal], and is probably the sorce of the article in the Freedman's Journal
Scotts Fort, Lee County Young man K
Scotts Fort, Lee County four children K
69 Masscare of Captain James Moore and His Family in Abbs Valley 14 July 1786 Abbs Valley, Montgomery Co James Moore - Walter Crockett, County Lieutenant of Montgomery Co., wrote to Governor Patrick Henry, on July 21, 1786
Abbs Valley, Montgomery Co James Moore Jr. (Son) - Pendleton’s, History of Tazewell County, page 451
Abbs Valley, Montgomery Co A man by the name of Simpson - (1) Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 159.
Abbs Valley, Montgomery Co William Clark E (2) Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 163.
Abbs Valley, Montgomery Co An Irishman E (2) Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 163.
Abbs Valley, Montgomery Co Mrs. Moore (Jane Walker Moore) -
Abbs Valley, Montgomery Co William Moore -
Abbs Valley, Montgomery Co Rebecca Moore (daughter) K
Abbs Valley, Montgomery Co Martha Evans CR
Abbs Valley, Montgomery Co Mary Moore -
Abbs Valley, Montgomery Co Margaret Moore -
Abbs Valley, Montgomery Co John Moore -
Abbs Valley, Montgomery Co Jane Moore (daughter) CK
70 Dial and Thomas Killed In Tazewell April 11, 1786 William Wynn’s Fort at Locust Hill, and near the forks of the Clinch, about one and a half mile east of Tazewell. A man by the name of Dial K Pendleton, History of Tazewell County, page 459, states:
William Wynn’s Fort at Locust Hill, and near the forks of the Clinch, about one and a half mile east of Tazewell. Benjamin Thomas K
71 Unnamed Killings on Clinch and Holston Rivers Saturday before April 23, 1787 ON the Clinch a family murdered on Clinch of 13 or 14… K Francis Preston writing to Governor Edmund Randolph, on April 23, 1787. (Calender Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 272.)
Montgomery 2 men K Col. Walter Crockett, to the Governor June 11, 1787
Montgomery 3 women K (Calender Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 295.)
72 The Sugar Hill Massacre 8 March 1787 Castles Woods Molly English K Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 262. James Fraley Revolutionary War pension
Castles Woods Two boys K Alexander Barnett, to Governor Edmund Randolph, on March 26, 1787,
73 John Carter’s Family Killed on Clinch July 9th 1787 4 miles below Blackmore’s Fort, in Scott Co. Elizabeth, Wife of John Carter K R. M. Addington, History of Scott County, page 99
4 miles below Blackmore’s Fort, in Scott Co. 6 children of John Carter K Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 335.
4 miles below Blackmore’s Fort, in Scott Co. X Judge Wood and Peter Honeycutt’s Letter, Draper MSS 4 C 27)
74 Two Carter Boys Taken From Rye Cove 20 April 1788 Rye Cove Morgan Carter, son of Thomas Carter CR Alexander Barnett, To Governor Edmund Randolph, on May 15, 1788,
Rye Cove Elijah Carter, son of Thomas Carter CR Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 442; (2) Ibid, Vol. V, page 4-5
Rye Cove Negro boy (slave of Thomas carter; elsewhere identified as Cooper) C
75 Killing of Ambrose Fletcher’s Wife and Children c August 1788 Blackmore's Fort Wife of Ambrose Fletcher K Redd's Narraitve
Blackmore's Fort Two Children of Ambrose Fletcher K Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 474-5. Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 474-5.
76 Henry Harman’s Fight With the Indians 1757 Montgomery Co Valantine Harmon K Walter Crockett, to Governor Edmund Randolph, on February 16, 178
Montgomery Co Daniel Harman C (1) Calender Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 564.
November 12, 1788 Montgomery Henry Harman W (4) Augusta Court Causes Ended, Taylor vs Harman. (5) Augusta Court Causes Ended, Wynn vs Inglish heirs. (6) Ibid, Maxwell vs Pickens.
Montgomery George Harman E
Montgomery Mathias Harman E
77 Ginsang Diggers Killed on Black Mountain c June 1788 French Broad 16 persons K Thomas Carter, Henry Dickenson, and David Cowan, of Russell Co., VA, to Governor Edmund Randolph, June 24, 1788,
Russell Co 4 men K Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV
Black Mountain 3 men K
Black Mountain David Campbell K
Black Mountain David Campbell's Family K
Black Mountain Hugh Berry K
Black Mountain Hugh Berry's family K
? Joseph Martin C
Black Mountain some of several Ginsang diggers by the name of Elams, Breeding and Neal Roberts K
78 Man Wounded in Powell Valley c15 July 1789 Powell Valley One Man W Col. Arthur Campbell, writing to Governor Edmund Randolph, on August 1, 1789
79 Killing of Joseph Blackmore’s Children April 6, 1789 Blackmore's Fort Son of Joseph Blackmore K J. S. Hind, in the West Christian Advocate, November 1, 1859, Draper MSS 5 C 13.
Blackmore's Fort Daughter of joseph Blackmore K This is also referred to in [[[Source:Asbury, 1821|Asbury's Journal]]
Blackmore's Fort Son of Joseph Blackmore E Asbury identifies only two persons slain
Blackmore's Fort A companion of son who escaped K
80 Chief Benge’s Attack on the House of John Wallen c 15 May 1789 Powell Valley Wife of John Wallens W A letter written to Arthur Campbell, by John Anderson, Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 618. R. M. Addington, History of Scott County, page 125
Powell Valley John Wallen A
81 Massacre of Joseph Johnson's Family 15 May 1789 Rye Cove Wife of Joseph Johnson K John Anderson writing to Lt. Col. Arthur Campbel
Rye Cove 3 children of Joseph Johnson K Lt. Col. Arthur Campbell, writing to Governor Randolph, on July 20, 1789
Rye Cove dau. Isabel Johnson C (1) Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 442.
Rye Cove son Mathew Johnson C (2) Virginia State Papers, Vol. V, page 4-5.
Rye Cove dau Elizabeth Johnson C (3) Virginia State Papers, Vol. VI, pages 463-4.
Rye Cove dau rebecca Johnson C
Rye Cove son Joseph Johnson C
82 John Frazier's Son Taken Prisoner Spring 1789 Kentucky Road Son of John Frazer K Henry Smith, County Lieutenant of Russell Co., VA, in a letter to Governor Randolph, dated July 4, 1790
Kentucky Road Mary Frazier K
Kentucky Road children of John Frazier K
83 Killing of William Whitley Fall 1789 Tazewell, Baptist Valley William Whitley K Pendleton, in his History of Tazewell County, quoting from Bickley's History of Tazewell County, (1853
Tazewell, Baptist Valley X Henry Smith, County Lieutenant of Russell Co., VA, to Governor Randolph, dated July 4, 1790,
Tazewell, Baptist Valley X David E. Johnson, History of the New River Settlements and Contiguous Territory, page 14
84 The Capture of Jenny Wiley October 1, 1789 Tazewell, Baptist Valley Jenny Wiley CE Virginia State Papers, Vol. V, page 42.
Tazewell, Baptist Valley Brother of Jenny Wiley K Virginia State Papers, Vol. V, page 181.
Tazewell, Baptist Valley 4 children of Jenny Wiley K Scalf, Henry, History of Floyd County, Kentucky, page 24.
Tazewell, Baptist Valley Child of Jenny Wiley CK

1790-1794

85 Killing of Captain Isaac Newland's Family June 1790 Washington County Wife of Issac Newland CK Charles B. Coale, "Wilburn Waters"
Washington County 3 children of Issac Newland CK Henry Smith, County Lieutenant of Russell Co., VA, to Governor Randolph, dated July 4, 1790,
86 The Slaying of the Thomas Osborne Family before August 17, 1790 Rusell Co Thomas Osborne K James Frayley's pension application
Rusell Co Lucretia Osborne dau. Of James Osborne C . Walter Crockett, County Lieutenant of Wythe Co., to the Governor, dated September 3, 1790
Rusell Co Walls a "bound girl, possibly bound boy"" E Virginia State Papers, Vol. V, page 205.
Rusell Co Minnie Osborne wife of Thomas CK
Rusell Co Betsy Walls bound girl C
87 The Wives of Henry Hamlin Slain 1783 Fort Blackmore Mary Dickenson, First wife of Henry Hamlin K L. P. Summers, History of Southwest Virginia, page 365,
1790 Castle's Woods Mary Blackmore Adams, second wife of Henry Hamlin K J. S. Hamlin's letter, May 19, 1918.)
Castle's Woods Champ Hamlin (son of Henry) CR R. M. Addington, History of Scott County, page 92
Castle's Woods X (1) Lee Co., VA Death Register, page 5, line 16.
Castle's Woods X (2) See Letter of Capt. Daniel Smith
Castle's Woods X (3) Virginia State Papers, Vol. IV, page 442
88 Killing on the Kentucky Road Castle's Woods X
89 Frontier Stations and Conditions in 1791 1791 various Narrative X Colonel Joseph Martin writing to the Governor of Virginia, November 8, 1791
90 Andrew Davidson's Family Killed Head of East River near Blue Field Rebecca Burke Davidson C Pendleton, History of Tazewell County,
Head of East River near Blue Field newborn infant K Bickley, History of Tazewell County, VA, 1853.
Head of East River near Blue Field two daughters CK
Head of East River near Blue Field one son CD
Head of East River near Blue Field one bound boy C
Head of East River near Blue Field one bound girl C
91 Daniel Harman Killed fall of 1791 Head of the Clinch Daniel Harman C Pendleton in his History of Tazewell County, page 465
Head of the Clinch X Augusta Court Causes Ended, Wynn vs Inglish heirs.
92 Pendleton and McDowell, Farris and Wharton Families Killed August 1791 Moccassin Creek; near Gate City; Russell part of two families K October 6, 1791, (1) Henry Smith, County Lieutenant of Russell Co., VA, wrote to Governor Randolph,
early September 1790 Russell Elisha Farris K (American State Papers, Indian Affairs, Vol. 1, page 331).
Russell three of his family K Haywood's History of Tennessee (1826). Also substantially the same in Goodpasture's History of the Indian Wars.
Russell his daughter, a young woman C John T. Moore, Tennessee, The Volunteer State, Vol. 1, page 228, reads:
Late September 1790 Castlewood James Wharton K Virginia State Papers, Vol. V, page 375.
Castlewood his family K (2) Russell Co., VA, Order Book 2, page 283.
Castlewood a Negro C (4) Russell Co., VA Order Book 2, page 283.
23 August 1791 Moccassin Gap Mrs William McDowell K
Moccassin Gap Francis Pendleton K
Moccassin Gap Reuben Pendleton W
Moccassin Gap a girl C
93 The David Musick Tragedy 1792 Russell, near Honaker David Musick K Judge Elihu J. Sutherland of Clintwood, VA, for delivery at the dedication of the David Musick monument near Honaker, VA, August 19, 1956.
Russell, near Honaker wife Ann McKinney K Virginia State Papers, Vol. VI, page 40.
Russell, near Honaker Son Elijah, C Pension records of James Oxer
Russell, near Honaker Son Electious, C
Russell, near Honaker son Abraham C
Russell, near Honaker Daughter Phoebe. C
Previous day Russell County Girl named Brumley W
94 Harper Ratcliffe Family Killed 5 aprl 1792 Hawkins Co, Stanley Valley wife of Harper Ratcliff K Gov. Blount, S. W. T. to Secretary Smith. Territorial Papers of the U. S. Carter, Vol. IV, page 143-144, Draper MSS 4 XX 28, dated Knoxville April 27, 1792.
Hawkins Co, Stanley Valley 3 children of Harper Ratcliff K Gov. Blount to Secretary of War (W. D. AGO ded. Records Division, Statement of Traopo, 1792-1796: C36, Territorial Papers, Vol. IV, page 148) dated Knoxville May 5th 1792.
95 Four Militia Soldiers from Powell Valley Slain 22 Oct 1792 KY Cumberland Gap area Militia Soldier William Hobbs K Captain Andrew Lewis, Jr., who was in command of the militia troops on the Virginia frontier, with his headquarters at Fort Lee, in the Rye Cove of Scott Co., VA, wrote to the Governor of Virginia, December 19, 179
KY Cumberland Gap area Militia Soldier Stennet K (1) Virginia State Papers, Vol. VI, page 393.
KY Cumberland Gap area Militia Soldier Fowler K (2) Virginia State Papers, Vol. VI, page 707.
KY Cumberland Gap area Militia Soldier Knowles K (3) Early Families of Southeastern Kentucky, Kozee, 196
96 Gilbert Killed - Lusk Taken Prisoner 1792 Tazewell Militia soldier Lusk C Pendleton, History of Tazewell County, page 465
Tazewell Militia Soldier Gilbert K Bickley in his History of Tazewell County, says:
97 Ensign Moses Cockrell Attacked and Two of His Men Killed March 31, 1793 Clinch to Powell's Valley Moses Cockrell Attacked A On April 9, 1793, Andrew Lewis writing from Ft. Lee (Rye Cove), to the Governor of Virginia,
Clinch to Powell's Valley Two Militia Men K Virginia State Papers, Vol. VI, page 329.
98 Fraley Kills An Indian 1793 Castlewood James Fraley A Virginia State Papers, Vol. VI, page 528, Col. Arthur Campbell
99 Killing of John Davidson c 20 March 1793 Clinch River, half a mile above the present town of North Tazewell., Laurel Fork of Wolf Creek John Davidson K Pendleton, in his History of Tazewell County, page 235, (1) quoting from Bickley's History of Tazewell County, 1853
Clinch River, half a mile above the present town of North Tazewell., Laurel Fork of Wolf Creek X Daniel Trigg, to the Governor of Virginia, under date of April 10, 1793,
Clinch River, half a mile above the present town of North Tazewell., Laurel Fork of Wolf Creek X Judge Johnson in his History of the New River Settlements
Clinch River, half a mile above the present town of North Tazewell., Laurel Fork of Wolf Creek X Calender Virginia State Papers, Vol. V, page 334.
100 The Last Indian Raid Upon the Western Frontiers of Virginia April 6, 1794, North Fork of Holston, near the mouth of Livingston's Creek Elizabeth, wife of Peter Livingston, CR R. M. Addington, History of Scott County, page 115-119, gives an accurate account of this episode:
North Fork of Holston, near the mouth of Livingston's Creek Eldest Daughter CE Manuscript letter of Benjamin Sharpe, quoted in Summers, Annals of Southwest Virginia.)
North Fork of Holston, near the mouth of Livingston's Creek Youngest infant CE Draper MSS 26 CC 60.
North Fork of Holston, near the mouth of Livingston's Creek child CR
North Fork of Holston, near the mouth of Livingston's Creek Her three children CR
North Fork of Holston, near the mouth of Livingston's Creek Sukey a wench CR
North Fork of Holston, near the mouth of Livingston's Creek Sukey's young child CR
North Fork of Holston, near the mouth of Livingston's Creek Her sister CR
North Fork of Holston, near the mouth of Livingston's Creek A negro man CE
North Fork of Holston, near the mouth of Livingston's Creek A negro boy CR
1 Scouts Patrolled the Sandy Passes to Guard Virginia'a Frontier Cabins North Fork of Holston, near the mouth of Livingston's Creek Narative X
10 The Dreadful Year of 1776 on the Western Waters North Fork of Holston, near the mouth of Livingston's Creek Narrative X

Master Register of KBI's in Southwest Virginia

Some Random Notes

Victim'sDateLocationSource(s)
The Death of James Boone, William Russell Jr, et alia.10 October 1773Wallens Creek watershedSource:Thwaites, 1902
Indian Captivity Stories of Southwest Virginia


MySource:Johnson, 1906:141

Footnotes