1775, Mon. I3th — I set out from prince wm. to travel to Caintuck on tuesday Night our company all got together at Mr. Priges on Rapadon which was Abraham Hanks, Philip Drake, Eanock Smith, Robert Whitledge and my Self. Thear Abrams Dog’s leg got broke by Drakes Dog.
Wednesday, 15th,—We started early from priges made a good Days travel and lodge this night at Mr. Cars on North fork James River.
Thursday, 16th—We started early it rained Chief part of the day. Snowed in the Eavening very hard and was very Coald. We traveled all day and got to Mr. Blocks at the foot of the Blue Ridge.
Friday 17th—We started early cross the Ridge the wind Blowsz very hard and cold and lodge at James lovls.
Monday 20th — We start early cross the ferry and lodge this night at Wm. Adamses on the head of Catauby. Wedns 22nd —We start early and git to foart Chissel whear we git some good loaf Bread and good whiskey.
fryday 24th—we start early and turn out of the wagon Road to go across the mountains to go by Danil Smiths we loose Driver Come to a turable mountain that tired us all almost to death to git over it and we lodge this night on the Lawrel fork of holston under a granite mountain and Roast a fine fat turkey for our suppers and Eat it without aney Bread.
Satrd 25th —We start early over Some more very Bad mountain«; one that is called Clinch mountain and we git this night to Danil Smiths on Clinch and there we staid till thursday morning on tuesday night and Wednesday morning it snowed Very hard and was very Coald and we hunted a good deal there while we staid in Rough mountains and kild three deer and one turkey Eanock Abram and I got lost tuesday night and it a snowing and Should a lain in the mountains had not I a had a pocket compas by which I got in a littel in the night and fired guns and they heard them and caim in By the Repoart.
Thursday 30th — We set out again and went down to Elk gardin and there suplid our Selves With Seed Corn and irish tators then we went on a littel way I turned my hors to drive before me and he got scard ran away threw Down the Saddel Bags and broke three of our powder goards and Abrams beast Burst open a vvalet of corn and lost a good Deal and made a turrabel flustration amongst the Reast of the Horses Drakes mair run against a sapling and noct it down we cacht them all again and went on and lodged at John Duncans.
fryd 31st — We suplyed our Selves at Dunkans with a 103 pounds of Bacon and went on again to Brileys mill and suployed our Selves with meal' and lodged this night on Clinch By a large cainbraike and cuckt our Supper.
April Saturday 1st—This morning there is ice at our camp half inch thick we start early and travel this Day along a verey Bad hilley way cross one creek whear the horses almost got mired some fell in and all wet their loads we cross Clinch River and travell till late in the Night and camp on Cove Creek having two men with us that wair pilâtes.1 mond jrd — We start early travel Down the valey cross powels river go some through the woods without aney track- cross some Bad hills git in to hendersons Road camp on a creek in powell valey.
Tuesday 4th — Raney we Start about 10 oclock and git down to Capt. Martins in the valey where we over take Col. Henderson and his Company Bound for Caintuck and there we camp this Night there. They were Broiling and Eating Beef without Bread.
Wednesday 5th — Breaks away fair and we go down the valey and camp on indian Creek we had this creek to cross maney times and very bad banks Abrams saddel turned and the load all fell in we got out this Eavening and kill two Deer.
thursd 6th — this morning is a hard frost and we wait at Camp for Col. Henderson and company to come up they come up about 12 oclock atid we goin with them and camp there still this night waiting for some part of the company that had their horses ran away with their packs.
fryday 7th — this morning is a very bad snowey morning we still continue at Camp being in number about 40 men and some neagros this Eaven. Comes a letter from Capt. Boone at Caintuck of the indians doing mischief and some turns back.
Saturday 8th — We all pack up and started crost Cumberland gap about one oclock this Day Met a good many peopel turned back for fear of the indians but our Company goes on Still with good courage we came to a very ugly Creek with steep Banks and have to cross it several times on this Creek we camp this night. tuesday. nth — this is a very loury morning and like for Rain but we all agree to start Early and we cross Cumberland River and travel Down it about io miles through some turrabel cainbrakes as we went down Abrams mair Ran into the River with her load and swam over he followed her and got on her and made her swim hack agin it is a very raney Eavening we take up camp near Richland Creek they kill a beef Mr. Drake Bakes Bread without washing his hands we Keep Sentry this Night for fear of the indians.
Wednesday I2th —this is a Raney morning But we pack up and go on we come to Richland Creek it is high we tote our packs over on a tree and swim our horses over and there we meet another Companey going Back" they tell such News Abram and Drake is afraid to go aney farther there we camp this night.
thursday I3th — this morning the weather seems to brake and Belair, Abram and Drake turn Back1. We go on and git to loral River. We come to a creek Before wlieare we are able to unload and to take our packs over on a log. This day we meet about 20 more turning Back we are obliged to toat our packs over loral river and swim our horses. One hors ran in with his pack and lost it in the river and they got it agin.
Sunday lüth — cloudy and warm we start early and go on about 2 miles down the river and then turn up a creek that we crost about 50 times some very bad foards with a great Deal of very good land on it in the Eavening we git over to the waters of Caintuck and go a little down the creek and there we camp keep sentel the fore part of the night it Rains very har all night.
tuesday i8th — fair and cool and we go on about io oclock we meet 4 men from Boones camp that caini to conduck us on we camp this night just on the Beginning of the good land near the Blue lick they kill 2 bofelos this Eavening.
thursday 2Oth — this morning is clear and cool. We start early and git Down to caintuck to Boons foart about 12 o'clock where we stop they come out to meet us and welcome us in with a voley of guns.
fryday 2ist — warm this Day they begin laying off lots in the town preparing for people to go to work to make corn.
Sunday 2jrd — this morning the peopel meets and draws for chois of lots this is a very warm day.
monday 24th — We all view our lots and some Dont like them about 12 oclock the combses come to town and Next morning they make them a bark canew and set off down the river to meet their Companey.
Wednesday 26th — We Begin Building us a house and a plaise of Defense to Keep the Indians off this day we begin to live without bread.
Satterday 29th — We git our house kivered with Bark and move our things into it at Night and Begin housekeeping Eanock Smith, Robert Whitledge and myself.