This is the beginning of a research guide for advice and resources for doing genealogical research involving African American heritage and slavery.
Where to Start
- AFRICAN AMERICAN GENEALOGY GROUP OF THE MIAMI VALLEY
- African American Genealogy
- African-Native Genealogy and History
- AfriGeneas ~ African American & African Ancestored Genealogy
- African American Genealogy Research Center
- The Mid-Atlantic African American Genealogy Conference
- Rediscovering the Names and Lives of Slaves, Freedpersons and Their Descendants
- Virginia Emigrants to Liberia
- Compilation of African-American-related Genealogy News and Sources from the Examiner.com
- Paul Heinegg, Free African Americans of North Carolina, Virginia, and South Carolina from the Colonial Period to about 1820, 5th ed. (Baltimore: Clearfield, 2005). Online version and more. Heinegg's research begins in the 1600 and 1700s and continues forward to approximately the 1810 and 1820 time frame.
- John Hope Franklin, The Free Negro in North Carolina 1790-1860, originally published in 1943, re-issued (WHEN?). While there has been considerable more scholarship done since it was originally published, it is still a must read if you are going to pursue this topic.
- African American Biographical Database - Full text, with illustrations, of more than 40,000 biographies, 1790-1950. Available on an annual subscription.
- African American Pamphlets - Library of Congress's collection of Daniel A. P. Murray Pamphlets, presenting a review of history and culture spanning almost one hundred years (1818-1907). Among the authors represented are Frederick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Benjamin W. Arnett, Alexander Crummel, and Emanuel Love.
- Freedmen and Southern Society Project - Documenting the history of emancipation during the era of the American Civil War, in the words of the participants themselves.
- African American Resources at the Cincinnati Historical Society Library - Guide to 20th Century African American individuals, organizations and topics from the Greater Cincinnati area. Find books, articles, photographs and manuscripts.
- Slave Cemetery in Colonial Newport - Extensive information regarding one of America's oldest and largest slave and free person African-American cemetery.
- Large Slaveholders of 1860 and African American Surname Matches from 1870 - List of large slaveholders and surname matches with an alphabetical index of holders of 10% of all slaves in the U.S.
- Afro-Louisiana History and Genealogy - Database of information on 100,000 slaves including slave names, genders, ages, occupations, illnesses, family relationships, ethnicity, places of origin, prices paid by slave owners, and slaves' emancipations.
- Slave Manifests - Transcriptions of slave manifests for the port of New Orleans. NARA record group 36 records the movement of slaves between U.S. ports.
- AfriGeneas - Site devoted to African American genealogy. Features mail lists, message boards, and daily and weekly genealogy chats.
- Sojourner Truth: Abolitionist & Women's Rights Advocate
Tri-racial describes populations thought to be of mixed European, sub-Saharan African, and Native American ancestry. Although there is no consensus on how many such groups exist, estimates range as high as 200.
- According to experts (including E.S. Mills), the best place to start for a genealogical study of tri-racial isolates in the Carolinas (and Tennessee and Virginia) would be a pair of articles done in the 1990s by :
- Dr. Virginia DeMarce, "Very Slitly Mixt': Tri-Racial Isolate Families of the Upper South---A Genealogical Study," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, 80 (March 1992): 5-35. DeMarce is former president of the National Genealogical Society and a long-time staff historian/genealogist at BIA, who holds a history Ph.D from UCLA-Berkeley
- Dr. Virginia DeMarce, "Looking at Legends---Lumbee and Melungeon: Applied Genealogy and the Origins of Tri-racial Isolate Settlements," NGSQ 81 (March 1993): 24-45."
- Melungeon Resource Page
- Melungeon Links of Interest
- Wikipedia: Melungeon entry
Discussion Fora / Forums
- African-Native American Genealogy Forum - Forum for discussing the genealogy and history of the Oklahoma Freedmen -- the African citizens of the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek and Seminole Nations. These are the Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes.