Revision as of 16:40, 22 December 2012
m. 6 Jan 1634/5
Facts and Events
Edward Doty came as a servant of the merchant Stephen Hopkins. The name "Doty" was not a common one in his day, yet it was spelled many ways. The most frequently used spelling is "Doty." Other variations which appear on early records include "Dotte," "Doten," "Dotten," "Dowty," and "Dotie." I It must be remembered that those keeping records wrote the name as it sounded to them. The register of St. Mary-le-Strand, London gives the marriage of an Edward Doty and Wynifryd Waryner, 12 December 1613. He would have been married in the wife's parish. As Bradford refers only to Doty's second marriage, this London record may possibly be his first wife although the interval is rather lengthy. Edward Doty has been described as a London youth, but little is written about his origin. He was "a very promising and sturdy young man, probably residing in or near London in 1619, and well acquainted with some of the Merchant Adventurers... It was the growing custom for the best of families to apprentice their sons as soon as possible to a seven-year period with some London merchant, and no doubt his family was of good standing." [Which casts doubt on the idea that a man married seven years before would still be a servant]
This account of Doty has some truth. He must have been a sturdy individual since a merchant needed his servant to perform heavy labor. That he was a promising young man is also true since Doty was later very active in the affairs of the Colony and retained his own indentured servant, Peter Talbott. The statement that his family (in England) was no doubt of "good standing" is conjecture.
At the time that Doty lived there were several Doty's (Dowty and Dowtie) recorded in the district of Southwark, one of the oldest districts of London. Its name comes from the "south works" or fortifications that protected London Bridge from attack in the Middle Ages. It is located at the southeast bank of the River Thames across from the Tower of London.
Southwark was a theater district (Shakespeare's Globe was here) and was "famed for its inns and taverns, which played host to many classes of people - lawyers, merchants, writers, Parliamentarians, and other people in search of refreshment." An official report of 1619 claimed that the population of Southwark was "chiefly of innkeepers."
The name "Doty" itself was from the Welsh "Doitty" meaning an "ail house".
Some accounts call Doty a "cabin boy" and claim that the Mayflower Compact says he was 10 years of age when he came here. (e.g., S1) However, Great Migration indicates he probably signed the Mayflower Compact as an adult, which in turn casts doubt on the idea that the Compact itself specifies Doty's age.
Edward Doty came on the Mayflower as a servant of the merchant Stephen Hopkins. Edward was one of the signers of the of the Solemn Compact in Cape Cod Harbor, November 11, and was with his master in the Shallop, that in December following discovered Plymouth Harbor: yet June 18 following the party to the first duel fought in New England. He retrieved his character by change from his youthful folly, married probably as his second wife January 6, 1635 Faithe, daughter of Tristan (Thurston) Clark. He was in 1652 one the purchasers of Dartmouth, but removed to Yarmouth, died August 23, 1655. His will of March preceeding, names only wife and Edward. His widow married March 14, 1667 John Phillips of Duxbury and outlived him. 
From William Bradford's Mayflower passenger list:S5
In the account of what had happened to the passengers by 1650:
Brushes with the Law
1621: Dueling. With Edward Leister. Sentenced, had heels tied to neck for one hour.
Will of Edward Doty May the 20th 1655
In the Name of God Amen
Know all men to whom It may concerne that I Edward Dotten senir: of the Towne of New Plymouth in New England being sicke and yett by the mercye of God in prfect memory and upon matture Consideration Doe by this my last will and Testament leave and bequeath my purchase land lying att Coaksett unto my sons; my son Edward I give a Double portion and to the rest of my sonnes equall alike if they live to the age of one and twenty if they Die before then to bee prted among the rest onely to my wife I leave a third During her life and then after to returne to my sonnes, And unto my loveing wife I give and bequeath my house and lands and meddows within the precincts of New Plymouth together with all Chattles and moveables that are my proper goods onely Debts and engagements to bee paied; As for my Share of land att Punckquetest if it come to anything I give it unto my son Edward; This being my last will and Testament; I Edward Dotten Doe owne it for my Act and Deed before these my loveing ffrinds whoe are Witnesses; and Doe sett my hand to the same; the Day and yeare abovewritten
Att the generall court held the fift of March 1655; faith the wife of Edward Dotten Decased Did give up and make over all her right and enterest she had in the land of Edward Dotten Att Coaksett or places adjacent unto her Children this shee Did in the prsence of the said Court; held att Plymouth yt Day and yeare above expressed;
The abovewritten Will and Testament of Edward Dotten Deceased was exhibited to the Court held att Plymouth the fift of March 1655 on the oathes of Mr John howland James hurst John Cooke and William hoskins
Receipts for their share of the father's estate identify sons Edward, John, Thomas, Samuel, Joseph and Isaac. One agreement of the heirs of widow Faith Phillips names the daughters: Desire Sherman, Elizabeth Rouse, and Mary Doten.